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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Monitoring HIV prevention programme outcomes among key populations in Kenya: findings from a national survey

    In preparation for the implementation of the Kenya AIDS Strategic Framework 2014/15- 2018/19, the Kenya National AIDS and STI Control Programme facilitated a national polling booth survey as part of a baseline assessment of HIV-related risk behaviours among female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs, and their utilization of existing preventive interventions, as well as structural factors that may influence KPs’ vulnerability to HIV. …

  2. HIV Status Disclosure and Retention in Care in HIV-Infected Adolescents on Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in West Africa

    The authors assessed the effect of HIV status disclosure on retention in care from initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-infected children ages 10 years or more in Cote d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. They conducted a multi-center cohort study within five pediatric clinics participating in the IeDEA West Africa collaboration. …

  3. Treatment outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents attending a community-based antiretroviral therapy clinic in South Africa

    As the HIV epidemic matures, survival of children with perinatally acquired HIV infection into adolescence is increasingly being documented in sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, the burden of HIV in the adolescent patient population in the region is also due to sexual transmission, with adolescents and young adults being particularly vulnerable to this mode of infection. HIV care and treatment services in the region need to adapt to adequately meet the specific needs of this expanding disease burden among adolescents. …

  4. Decline in HIV Prevalence among Young Women in Zambia: National-Level Estimates of Trends Mask Geographical and Socio-Demographic Differences

    A decline in HIV incidence has been reported in Zambia and a number of other sub-Saharan countries. The trend of HIV prevalence among young people is a good marker of HIV incidence. In this study, different data sources are used to examine geographical and sub-population group differentials in HIV prevalence trends among men and women aged 15–24 years in Zambia.

  5. Promoting and protecting the health of orphans and vulnerable children in Monkey Bay, Malawi

    Malawi has had a rising population of orphans and vulnerable children who are reported to lack care, food, educational opportunities and adult role models. Some of the coping strategies used by these children, such as early school dropout and child labour, combined with poor adult support, make them susceptible to risk of early onset of sex and to sexual and reproductive health problems, including HIV infection. …

  6. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Benin

    Between July and September 2000, the first study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the Universite Nationale du Benin (UNB) was conducted. In the course of the study, more than one hundred people were interviewed, including the Director of Higher Education and the Rector of the University. The study took place on the campuses at Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou and Porto-Novo, as well as in NGOs and public service departments that were not associated with the University or the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research (MENRS). …

  7. Children on the Brink 2002: A Joint Report on Orphan Estimates and Program Strategies

    Le rapport "les enfants au bord du gouffre 2002" comprends des statistiques sur les enfants rendus orphelins par le VIH/SIDA dans 88 pays, une analyse des tendances qui se dégagent de ces statistiques et des stratégies et principes visant à aider ces enfants. Troisième d'une série de rapport dont les premières éditions sont parues en 1997 et 2000, ce document porte sur une période allant de 1990 à 2010.

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