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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Global Fund in the MENA region: an Aidspan regional report 2015

    This is the first regional report published by Aidspan. These regional reports seek to provide a snapshot to country partners, advocates and other stakeholders of comparative information, to make it easier for them to assess their countries’ progress and performance and understand the regional picture of Global Fund programmes.

  2. Having sex, becoming somebody: A qualitative study assessing (sexual) identity development of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS

    A growing number of adolescents are living with HIV/AIDS. For their well-being and for prevention, age- and culturally appropriate interventions become increasingly important. This qualitative study was conducted as the first step to develop a sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention. The study's objective was to assess the impact of HIV and related contextual conditions on identity formation of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALH) in the domains of physical, cognitive, social, and sexual development. Data were collected using focus group discussions (FGDs). …

  3. Getting to zero: HIV in eastern and southern Africa

    This report provides an overview of the HIV epidemics in eastern and southern Africa and of the region’s response and progress towards meeting the 2011 Political Declaration targets, while identifying noteworthy achievements and challenges. The report draws on the most recently available data from the Global AIDS Response Reporting System, national HIV estimation exercises, data gathered and generated by UNAIDS, its co-sponsors and national partners, and the many recent studies and surveys that have been conducted in the region. …

  4. Positive learning: meeting the needs of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) in the education sector

    This publication is the result of a partnership between UNESCO and the Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+). It builds upon the respective work of these organisations in relation to supporting the ideals of Education for All and the role of the education sector in the global response to HIV (UNESCO) and the Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention framework (GNP+). The overall purpose is to better define the role and responsibilities of the education sector in supporting young people who are living with HIV (YPLHIV) to realise their personal, social and educational potential. …

  5. Young People Living with HIV Around the World: Challenges to health and well-being persist

    Around the world, 5 million young people are living with HIV. Most live in the Global South in countries that lack the resources to meet their needs. They face widespread stigma in a world that still often misunderstands HIV and fears or blames those who have it – and the majority of HIV-positive youth are women, placing them at an even greater societal disadvantage in many countries. This brief provides an overview of HIV-positive youth: who is infected, treatment options and challenges, needs of positive youth, stigma and programs.

  6. Dignity denied: violations of the rights of HIV-positive women in Chilean health facilities

    Dignity Denied documents the systemic discrimination and abuse that HIV-positive women endure in Chilean health facilities. Based on women's testimonies and those of healthcare providers, this report exposes the discriminatory and often dehumanizing experiences that Chilean women living with HIV/AIDS face when seeking healthcare, including failures to protect patient confidentiality, lack of adequate pre- and post-test counseling, delayed or abusive treatment, pressure to not bear children, and coercive and forced sterilization.

  7. Female Drug Use in Pakistan: Mapping Estimates, Ethnographic Results and Behaviourial Assessment

    This study is a part of the operational research which includes mapping and size estimation of female drug users, which forms the first key step in developing targeted interventions for this highly vulnerable key population. The results of this mapping study will assist in understanding the drug using scenario among female populations, which will ultimately form a baseline for service provision, based on which service providing organizations will develop targeted interventions within a specific geographical setting. …

  8. Crianças e adolescentes com HIV/Aids: revisão de estudos sobre revelação do diagnóstico, adesão e estigma

    O artigo discute os temas revelação do diagnóstico, adesão e estigma relativos a crianças e adolescentes infectados pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV). A revisão da literatura incluiu artigos nacionais e internacionais, publicados a partir do ano 2000, e foi realizada por meio de buscas eletrônicas em bases de dados. Foram selecionados vinte e um artigos, duas dissertações de mestrado e cinco publicações institucionais. Concluiu-se que a revelação do diagnóstico tende a ser postergada pelos cuidadores. …

  9. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  10. AIDS is everybody's business. Partnerships with the private sector: a collection of case studies from UNAIDS

    This brief collection of case studies illustrating how the UNAIDS secretariat and its 10 cosponsors are collaborating to bring private sector leadership to the foreground in the global response to HIV. Businesses, from the largest global corporations to micro enterprises, private sector associations and coalitions, corporate and private philanthropies, labour unions and employers' associations are recognizing the need to lend their resources and expertise to the AIDS response. …

  11. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  12. HIV/AIDS, human resources and sustainable development. World summit on sustainable development, Johannesburg, 2002

    In two decades, AIDS has killed more than 20 million people. By 2020, another 68 million face premature death in the 45 most affected countries, unless concerted and effective action is taken now. Sustainable development implies a balance between environmental and economic and social development. The devastation of the AIDS epidemic is draining the human and institutional capacities that fuel sustainable development. Prevention works. Treatment and care save lives. An effective, long-term response to the epidemic hinges on recognizing and protecting people's rights. …

  13. The socioeconomic impact of HIV/AIDS in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

    Several countries bordering Viet Nam have experienced rapid increases in HIV infection rates in the last few years. During the 1990s, the HIV/AIDS epidemic also expanded quickly in Viet Nam. As of April 2003, Viet Nam had recorded 64,801 people infected with HIV, although estimates put the figure more realistically between 150,000 to 200,000. …

  14. The impact of HIV/AIDS on livelihoods, poverty and the economy of Malawi

    In a number of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, widespread HIV infection has already translated into full-blown AIDS epidemics. The effects of this disaster on lives and livelihoods are dramatic, yet the economic consequences are difficult to measure using conventional approaches. …

  15. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Nigeria. Background Paper for HIV/AIDS Policy Review in Nigeria

    The paper provides in-depth information on the inextricable relationship between HIV/AIDS and human rights, including issues relating to testing, confidentiality, access to treatment/drugs, gender, the workplace, health worker/patient interaction and HIV/AIDS in the family and community and among vulnerable populations such as prisoners and sex workers. It draws extensively from material prepared by UNAIDS and the United Nations Centre for Human Rights (UNCHR), and the International Guidelines on Human Rights.

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