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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Human rights and the HIV response: a rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response

    Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations. This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations – PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

  2. The 2013 National School Climate Survey. The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation’s schools

    The 2013 National School Climate Survey is GLSEN's 8th biennial report on the school experiences of LGBT youth in schools, including the in-school resources that support LGBT students’ well-being, the extent of the challenges that they face at school, and insights into many other aspects of LGBT students’ experiences.

  3. Era como ir todos los días al matadero...: El bullying homofóbico en instituciones públicas de Chile, Guatemala y Perú. Documento de trabajo

    En los últimos años, el reconocimiento mundial del bullying homofóbico como un problema social se ha hecho cada vez más claro, así como el de su asociación a una serie de consecuencias en la salud y el bienestar de las y los afectados, incluyendo la depresión y el suicidio (UNESCO, 2011); sin embargo, la comprensión del probléma es aún insuficiente (Espelage et al., 2003). A pesar del conocimiento de la prominencia del sexismo y la homofobia en América Latina, una revisión regional reciente mostró que la información disponible es limitada (UNESCO, 2011). …

  4. Resilience amidst adversity: Being gay and African in the new century

    This report gives an overview of what it means to be gay and African in the early part of the 21st century. Commissioned by The Atlantic Philanthropies and the OTHER Foundation, it also highlights organisations working to improve the situation and the funders supporting such activities. This is not an academic publication. It is meant to provide information about the conditions facing gay people throughout the continent and show that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people are often pawns, vulnerable pawns, for those seeking power. …

  5. Bullying of lesbian and gay youth: a qualitative investigation

    The preponderance of bullying research does not address sexual orientation as a possible factor. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of service providers and youth advocates working with lesbian and gay communities in order to increase understanding of bullying of lesbian and gay youth. In depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine key informants from various education and social service settings. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Inductive data analysis was conducted using a constant comparative method. …

  6. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica para diagnóstico, con enfoque de género, sobre la situación del estigma, la discriminación y la homofobia en Costa Rica

    Este estudio pretende ayudarnos a identificar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas que un sector de la población tiene con respecto a los gay y lesbianas en Costa Rica, que aunque no necesariamente es el punto de partida de un análisis profundo de estos comportamientos, sí nos refleja parte la cotidianidad de sus expresiones, tanto homofóbicas, como respetuosas. Ambas expresiones son solo un resultado de un sistema social, educativo e institucionalizado en construcción. …

  7. Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe

    This report is the result of the largest study ever made on homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. …

  8. Sexual Minority Youth in Public School Education: Recommendations for the Change Process

    Sexual Minority Youth in Public School Education: Recommendations for the Change Process

  9. A 40 años de Stonewall Inn: "Transfobia, lesbofobia, homofobia, bifobia en Latinoamérica y El Caribe"

    América Latina y El Caribe es territorio cultural diverso, que se iguala en las características del estigma y discriminación que aplica a personas lesbianas, trans, gays, bisexuales, intersexuales. De acuerdo al estudio 'Homofobia de Estado 2009' de ILGA, en LAC existen 11 países que penalizan la homosexualidad. En los países en que esto no es así, de igual forma, existe una práctica punitiva legitimada, que refleja la exclusión cultural de la orientación sexual no heterosexual y de las prácticas que se le asocian.

  10. Overlooked and at Risk: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Caribbean

    As long as criminalization of homosexuality and stigma, discrimination and violence against LGBT individuals continues in the Caribbean, the emotional and physical health of LGBT young people is at risk. All young people have the right to be treated equally under the law and to live free of discrimination and harassment. Organizations, governments, and individuals must work toward full acceptance and recognition of LGBT people, including young people.

  11. Stonewall's legacy

    Contemporary American colleges are increasingly queer places, where significant steps toward inclusion of BGLT students have been made. Tracing the journey of BGLT students' emergence, which parallels the modern gay rights movement in America, this monograph provides an overview of data and theory derived from studying BGLT students and student movements in higher education. …

  12. This was my hell: the violence experienced by gender non-conforming youth in US high schools

    This paper explores the experiences of harassment and violence endured by seven gender nonconforming youth in US high schools. Based on a larger research project, it opens an inquiry into the school-based lives of gender-variant teens, a group heretofore ignored by most academics and educators. Breaking violence down into two main types (physical and sexual), this work uses informants' voices, along with 'doing gender' theory, to analyze the experiences of butch lesbian girls, trans teenagers, and genderqueer youth. …

  13. Who, what, where, when, and why: demographic and ecological factors contributing to hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth

    This study examines how locational (region and local), community-level (school district poverty and adult educational attainment), and school district-level (district size and ratios of students to key school personnel) variables are related to indicators of hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Indicators of hostile climate included frequency of homophobic remarks and victimization regarding sexual orientation and gender expression. …

  14. Principal's perspective: school safety, bullying and harassment. A survey of public school principals

    The report from this study, The Principal's Perspective: School Safety, Bullying and Harassment, reveals a rich and complex picture of the attitudes of principals. Half of principals surveyed deem bullying, name-calling or harassment of students to be a serious problem at their school. Only one-third of secondary school principals say that a lesbian, gay or bisexual student would feel very safe at their school and only one-quarter say that a transgender student would feel very safe. …

  15. Conversations in equity and social justice: constructing safe schools for queer youth

    The paper is a critique of discourse focused on at-risk behaviour and homophobic bullying. The paper argues that conversations around homophobic bullying must include discussions of doing equity and achieving social justice, in which the ultimate goal of constructing safe schools is achieved through the utter transformation of school culture. Failure to do anything less continues to license homophobia and makes predictable and inevitable violence against queer youth. …

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