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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Young key populations and young people living with HIV and AIDS in Vietnam

    The aim of the program is to create enabling and empowering environment in the selected countries to enhance the engagement of young key populations in the Global Fund processes at country level, with following specific objectives: (i) To synthesize and generate strategic information in relation to HIV and young people to inform the National Strategic Plan review and Investment Cases; (ii) Ensure youth partners have the skills and knowledge to influence the country dialogue for adequately resourced HIV responses for young people; and (iii) Ensure programmes funded through the NFM targeting you …

  2. Frequently asked questions about HIV and AIDS

    This booklet contains a list of frequently asked questions, and answers, about HIV and AIDS.

  3. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  4. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  5. Do stigma, blame and stereotyping contribute to unsafe sexual behaviour? A test of claims about the spread of HIV/AIDS arising from social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model

    In the context of social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model, it has been claimed that stigmatizing, blaming and stereotyping attitudes make people feel less at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, and that this, in turn, results in them taking fewer precautions in their sexual behaviour. Previous research has failed to provide convincing evidence to support these claims. The present study provided a test of the claims that addressed some of the methodological issues identified in the earlier research. …

  6. We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV. Joint Action for Results, UNAIDS Outcome Framework: Business Case 2009-2011

    The Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework, 2009-2011 represents a new and more focused commitment to the HIV response and serves as a platform to move towards UNAIDS' vision of zero new HIV-infections, zero discrimination, and zero AIDS-related deaths. It commits the UNAIDS Secretariat and Cosponsors to leverage their respective organizational mandates and resources to work collectively to deliver results.The Outcome Framework focuses on ten priority areas, each of which represents a pivotal component of the AIDS response. …

  7. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  8. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

  9. Baseline survey for BCC strategy for HIV and AIDS prevention among youth people aged 10-30 years in Swaziland

    In line with the National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS, the country has adopted a multi sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS which puts emphasis on behaviour change communication, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  10. St. Vincent and the Grenadines HIV/AIDS/STI national strategic plan 2004-2009

    The HIV epidemic is driven by a number of factors including cultural, behavioural and socio-economic. A strategic plan is a necessary tool to guide all stakeholders and create a synergistic approach instead of duplicated efforts. A significant progress indicator was the development of this strategic plan which was launched in December 2001. The plan then outlined the following six priority areas: I. Strengthen intersectoral management, organizational structures and institutional capacity; II. Design and implement care, support and treatment programmes for PLWHA and their families; III. …

  11. National gender policy plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010

    Papua New Guinea's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP) recognised that gender is a key factor shaping both the epidemic and the national response to it. To ensure that the gender dimensions of the epidemic receive sufficient attention, the National AIDS Council (NAC) commissioned this National Gender Policy and Plan on HIV and AIDS (NGP). It is based on extensive consultations and research carried out between 2004 and 2006, including a gender audit of the NSP and a gender impact evaluation of the activities of the National HIV/AIDS Support Project (NHASP). …

  12. Regional report on HIV/AIDS 2004

    The HIV/AIDS regional programme in the Arab states (HARPAS) is based on UNDP's leadership for results programme which draws on a unique methodology that helps build partnerships, address institutional inaction and generate innovative, breakthrough results that are essential for halting the epidemic. This report seeks to capture some of the achievements of the regional programme. It outlines futures commitments to build on the strenghts of these initiatives to further advance the response needed to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  13. What Happened in Uganda? Declining HIV prevalence, Behavior Change, and the National Response

    This document is not intended to provide a definite explanation for Uganda's AIDS prevention successes during the 1980s and 1990s. Rather, it is a synthesis of presentations made in February 2002 at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) by four individuals with long-term experience in HIV prevention in Africa. USAID commissioned a summary document synthesising the ideas presented by these researchers. …

  14. The National strategy of prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in Albania 2004-2010. Let's keep Albania a low HIV prevalence country

    The National Strategy of Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Albania (NSPCHA) is designed based on the following principles:- NSPCHA will help in the management, coordination and orientation of the work of government, non-governmental and international organizations with activities in the area of prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in Albania.- NSPCHA is a comprehensive document using a multifaceted approach to HIV prevention addressing the individual, community, societal and structural level prevention and control needs.- The strategy will be reviewed and, eventually, modified bi-annually ba …

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