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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Effectiveness of a comprehensive sexual and gender-based violence prevention project for in-school girls in Swaziland

    Swaziland is one of the sub-Saharan African countries affected by Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and HIV and AIDS, with women facing greater risk compared to men. In response to increasing reports of violence against women and children in the country, the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) launched a Girls’ Empowerment Clubs (GEC) program in primary and secondary schools in order prevent SGBV cases. …

  2. HIV and stigma: The media challenge

    Despite the progress being made in the global response to HIV and AIDS, stigma remains a major obstacle to prevention and treatment. It is manifested in many different ways and fear of disgrace prevents people from coming forward for HIV testing and treatment. Key populations – sex workers and their clients, men who have sex with men, the transgender community and people who inject drugs – are particularly affected. The role of the media in tackling HIV related stigma is crucial. It is seen as one of the drivers of HIV reduction, yet the media is far from reaching its full potential. …

  3. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  4. In a life: linking HIV and sexual and reproductive health in people’s lives

    IPPF’s comprehensive response to HIV is situated within a wider sexual and reproductive health framework. It links prevention with treatment, care and support; reduces HIV-related stigma and discrimination; and responds to the unique regional and national characteristics of the HIV epidemic. These real-life testimonies highlight how our work – shaped and pioneered by the efforts of thousands of committed staff, volunteers and partners – makes the vital links between HIV, sexual and reproductive health and rights.

  5. Silenced and forgotten: HIV and AIDS agenda setting paper for women living with HIV, sex workers and LGBT individuals in southern African and Indian Ocean states

    The impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is felt hardest by the individuals who are infected or affected by the disease, and in particular by individuals who are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to stigma and discrimination, poverty, a lack of access to education, health and other services that promote HIV awareness. However, the impact of HIV and AIDS goes beyond the individual or household level – it affects nations as a whole. …

  6. Getting to zero: HIV in eastern and southern Africa

    This report provides an overview of the HIV epidemics in eastern and southern Africa and of the region’s response and progress towards meeting the 2011 Political Declaration targets, while identifying noteworthy achievements and challenges. The report draws on the most recently available data from the Global AIDS Response Reporting System, national HIV estimation exercises, data gathered and generated by UNAIDS, its co-sponsors and national partners, and the many recent studies and surveys that have been conducted in the region. …

  7. HIV/AIDS policy for the Swaziland public service

    This policy seeks to: define those areas where HIV/AIDS can impact on the public service and its employees and clearly state the position of the public service in terms of management of all aspects of the problem; assist all role players to manage HIV/AIDS in the workplace appropriately; create a safe working environment for all employees; discourage discriminatory responses in the workplace to anybody know or suspected to have HIV/AIDS.

  8. In a life: linking HIV and sexual and reproductive health in people's lives

    Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV recognizes the vital role that sexuality plays in people's lives, and the importance of empowering people to make informed choices about their lives, love and intimacy. The real-life stories in this publication reflect the core characteristics and values that IPPF aims for in linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV: evidence-informed programming, a recognition of vulnerability and the full protection of rights. …

  9. Baseline survey for BCC strategy for HIV and AIDS prevention among youth people aged 10-30 years in Swaziland

    In line with the National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS, the country has adopted a multi sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS which puts emphasis on behaviour change communication, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  10. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  11. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  12. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Swaziland

    This country report on HIV/AIDS and human rights in Swaziland is the result of a one-year joint project between the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, both based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The research project was made possible through funds provided by the Open Society Foundation. This report is one of a series of eight reports focusing on HIV/AIDS and human rights in the following countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

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