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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Human rights and the HIV response: a rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response

    Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations. This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations – PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

  2. HIV and young men who have sex with men. Technical brief

    This technical brief is one in a series addressing four young key populations. It is intended for policy-makers, donors, service-planners, service-providers and community-led organizations. This brief aims to catalyse and inform discussions about how best to provide health services, programmes and support for young MSM. …

  3. Sri Lanka advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Sri Lanka to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programmes as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  4. Bhutan advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bhutan to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  5. Bangladesh advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bangladesh to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  6. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  7. Blueprint for the provision of comprehensive care to gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Latin America and the Caribbean

    The tools discussed were intended to be designed for, and implemented primarily in health care settings. However, caution was urged during the consultation meeting that those activities should not be disconnected from other strategies, social services, and outreach programs, but rather an integral part of them; and the Regional Consultation focused mainly on gay and other MSM as the points of reference for MSM communities. …

  8. CEPEHRG and Maritime, Ghana: Engaging new partners and new technologies to prevent HIV among men who have sex with men

    Many African MSM are surprised to discover that the sex they have with other men puts them at risk for acquiring the virus. The media and most prevention programming in the region consistently describe HIV vulnerability in terms of heterosexual risk, and many African MSM do not realize that they too are vulnerable. The few programs that do target this population face significant challenges in reaching MSM with the information and services they need. …

  9. Universal access from vulnerability to resilience: the Latin American and Caribbean strategic framework for strengthening national responses to HIV for gay men, other MSM and trans people

    This Regional Strategic Framework focuses on three core issues that are of utmost importance for the realization of the MDG 6 in Latin America and the Caribbean: evidence, human rights and capacity. Effective responses to HIV epidemics require robust and reliable information about who is affected by HIV and about what works in prevention and care. Effective responses also require attention to stigma and discrimination, which continue to undermine commitments and responses from both affected populations and community leaders. …

  10. Treatment Access for Positive MSM in the Asia Pacific

    In collaboration with various community-based organizations, APN+ conducted a peer-led mixed method research project in six Asian countries to document the range of services available for MSM and transgender people living with HIV and to identify barriers to access and use of these services. Findings from peer-led Focus group discussions are analyzed and remain the main thrust of this report. …

  11. Discriminación Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infección por HIV

    En este estudio, que se fundamenta en datos empíricos obtenidos de latinos homosexuales y bisexuales en tres ciudades de los EE.UU., documentamos la relación que existe entre formas específicas de discriminación social-homofobia, racismo y penurias económicas-y una determinada consecuencia para la salud: el aumento del riesgo para la transmisión del VIH. …

  12. Social Discrimination against Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) - Implications for HIV Policy and Programs

    This policy brief provides an overview of social discrimination against gay men and other MSM as it relates to HIV. It also includes recommendations for concerted action and policy development. A review of literature that demonstrates the linkages between homophobia and vulnerability to HIV is presented with related examples. The recommendations are intended for a global audience of advocates, researchers, service providers, public health practitioners, donors and policy makers.

  13. Aproximación a una Masculinidad Estigmatizada: Hombres que tienen Sexo con otros Hombres

    El objetivo de este trabajo es ofrecer aproximaciones conceptuales respecto a la situación de los Hombres que tienen Sexo con otros hombres (HSH) y determinar criterios que permitan la creación de las políticas públicas para la prevención de la discriminación de los HSH en dos municipios de Chiapas (México): Arriaga y Tonalá. Situación de los HSH en México. …

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