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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A tool for change: working with the media on issues relating to sexual orientation, gender identity, expression and sex characteristics in Thailand

    A Tool for Change: Working with the Media on Issues Relating to Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Expression and Sex Characteristics in Thailand analyzes news media coverage of Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Expression and Sex Characteristics (SOGIESC), and LGBTIQ identities across media platforms in Thailand. The research found that LGBTIQ people are often represented in the news media inaccurately, stereotypically, or without a clear understanding of SOGIE. The study recommends that a professional code of conduct on reporting SOGIESC issues be developed. …

  2. Hidden from health: structural stigma, sexual orientation concealment, and HIV across 38 countries in the European MSM Internet Survey

    Objective: Substantial country-level variation exists in prejudiced attitudes towards male homosexuality and in the extent to which countries promote the unequal treatment of MSM through discriminatory laws. The impact and underlying mechanisms of country-level stigma on odds of diagnosed HIV, sexual opportunities, and experience of HIV-prevention services, needs and behaviours have rarely been examined, however. Design: Data come from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS), which was administered between June and August 2010 across 38 European countries (N = 174 209). …

  3. Courage and Hope: Stories with Teachers living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This book is a collection of stories from teachers living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. The stories documented here give voice to the real life experiences of 12 HIV-positive teachers, five of whom are women, from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania (both Mainland and Zanzibar), and Zambia. The teachers recount their experiences of discovering their HIV-positive status and how this has aff ected them in their families, their communities, and their professional lives. …

  4. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  5. Do South African learners stigmatize HIV/AIDS infected peers?

    The results of this Brief point to an increased significance of strengthening educational programmes and policies in the schooling sector as South Africa strives to reduce not only the prevalence of HIV and AIDS but also to develop positive learner attitudes among children of school going age. …

  6. Premiers résultats de l’enquête « Les conditions de vie des personnes séropositives en Belgique francophone (Wallonie et Bruxelles) ». Rapport court

    L’enquête, coordonnée par la Plate-forme Prévention Sida (PPS) et l’Observatoire du sida et des sexualités (OSS), avec l’appui du Centre d’études sociologiques (CES) des Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, avait pour objectif de : - préciser le profil socioéconomique des personnes vivant avec le VIH/sida, - connaître leurs principales difficultés et ressources dans leur vie quotidienne, - identifier l’ampleur, la forme et la récurrence des cas de stigmatisation et de discrimination dans différents domaines (professionnel, affectif, administratif, etc.). …

  7. People Living with HIV Stigma Index - Asia Pacific Regional Analysis, 2011

    This report provides findings from the rollout of the People Living with HIV Stigma Index (PLHIV Stigma Index) in nine countries in Asia and the Pacific (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand). It provides the first large-scale regional comparison of standardized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma indicators. It shows that stigma and discrimination have profound implications for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  8. Left without a choice. Barriers to reproductive health in Indonesia

    This report reflects Amnesty International's recent analysis on the extent to which certain Indonesian laws have incorporated international human rights law and standards, including provisions contained in CEDAW, to which Indonesia is a state party. In particular, it builds on a series of open letters addressed to Indonesian authorities in late 2009 and early 2010, which highlighted some of the shortcomings of certain laws in guaranteeing non-discrimination and sexual and reproductive rights. …

  9. República Dominicana: Estigma y discriminación en personas que viven con el VIH

    Este estudio, entre otros objetivos, se propone la obtención de estimadores a nivel nacional de los niveles de estigma y discriminación hacia las personas viviendo con el VIH/SIDA (PVVS) en República Dominicana. …

  10. Discriminación Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infección por HIV

    En este estudio, que se fundamenta en datos empíricos obtenidos de latinos homosexuales y bisexuales en tres ciudades de los EE.UU., documentamos la relación que existe entre formas específicas de discriminación social-homofobia, racismo y penurias económicas-y una determinada consecuencia para la salud: el aumento del riesgo para la transmisión del VIH. …

  11. Gender Based Violence and HIV/AIDS in Cambodia: Links, Opportunities and Potential Responses

    There is growing evidence from different countries that gender based violence can increase the risk of HIV/AIDS as well as be an outcome of HIV/AIDS. Researchers, focusing on understanding the explosion of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among women and girls, have highlighted how sexual coercion and fear of violence limit women's ability to negotiate safe sex behaviors such as condom use and reduced number of partners, access services, and/or adopt practices to prevent mother to child transmission. …

  12. VIH-SIDA y discriminación en Ica: Un problema de salud pública

    El presente informe final de diagnóstico participativo sobre discriminación y exclusión social por VIH-sida en el departamento de Ica sistematiza los resultados de un estudio realizado entre los meses de marzo y julio de 2006. …

  13. Compresión y respuesta al estigma y la discriminación por el VIH/sida en el sector salud

    El presente análisis procura profundizar la comprensión del estigma y la discriminación en relación con el VIH/SIDA en los servicios de salud de América Latina y el Caribe. Con este fin, primero se examinan los componentes del fenómeno, su interrelación y las lagunas en los conocimientos actuales. En segundo lugar, se comparan estudios sobre el estigma y la discriminación y proyectos destinados a reducir su incidencia y repercusiones. Por último, se esbozan las estrategias para una respuesta integral. …

  14. Hablan las mujeres mexicanas VIH positivas: Necesidades y apoyos en el ámbito medico, familiar y comunitario

    Estudio sobre la situación de las mujeres viviendo con VIH en México, que abarca su situación social, problemas de estigma y discriminación, epidemiología, sus parejas, redes sociales de apoyo y respuesta del gobierno y la sociedad civil a su problemática. …

  15. Ynisiquieralloré: Testimonios de niñas y adolescentes latinoamericanas viviendo con VIH/SIDA

    Entrevistas a doce niñas y adolescentes que viven con VIH de diversos países de América Latina. Hablan de su vida, la discriminación, las redes sociales que los apoyan y su sexualidad. En la parte final se incluye una pequeña encuesta que se aplicó a las entrevistadas.

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