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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. "It's not normal": sexual exploitation, harassment and abuse in secondary schools in Senegal

    “It’s not normal” documents how female students are exposed to sexual exploitation, harassment, and abuse in middle and upper secondary schools. Based on interviews and focus group discussions with more than 160 girls and young women, the report documents cases of teachers who abuse their position of authority by sexually harassing girls and engage in sexual relations with them, promising students money, good grades, food, or items such as mobile phones and new clothes. …

  2. Engaging school personnel in making schools safe for girls in Botswana, Malawi, and Mozambique

    Girls are vulnerable to HIV in part because the social systems in which they live have failed to protect them. This study evaluates a program aimed at making schools safe for girl learners in order to reduce girls’ vulnerability to HIV in Botswana, Malawi, and Mozambique. In addition to an extensive process evaluation with school personnel program participants, program facilitators, and community members, a cross-sectional post-intervention survey was conducted among adolescent girls in the three countries. The total sample size was 1249 adolescent girls (ages 11–18). …

  3. Books and babies. Pregnancy and young parents in schools

    Being pregnant and a young parent in South African schools is not easy. Books and Babies examines why this is the case. Drawing on both quantitative and qualitative research conducted in secondary schools in Durban and Cape Town, the book explores how teachers and principals respond to the presence of pregnant learners and young parents in school, and surveys the attitudes of fellow learners towards them. …

  4. Passing the test: The real cost of being a student

    Gender Based Violence (GBV) in and around schools is now widely recognized as a serious global phenomenon that is a fundamental violation of human rights and a major barrier to the realization of all children’s rights to education. Violence can be perpetrated by students or teachers in or around the school, or by out of school youths and adults who approach students on their way to and from school or demand sex in exchange for money or gifts. Acts of Gender Based Violence are disproportionately directed at girls, but boys and teachers can also be targets. …

  5. Using Drama for School-Based Adolescent Sexuality Education in Zaria, Nigeria

    This paper describes the use of drama and participatory methods in a girls-only secondary school in Zaria, Nigeria, as a means of sexuality education, carried out by the Nigerian Popular Theatre Alliance and the Second Chance Organization of Nigeria. The issues addressed had to come from the students, to allow them to develop critical thinking and learn useful lessons. The topics that concerned the group of 15 girls who participated from the school included abortion, premarital sex and pregnancy, teacher–student relationships and lesbianism. …

  6. Third degree. AIDS Review

    This Review is a collaboration between HAICU, based at the University of Cape Town, and the CSA, based at the University of Pretoria. These two organisations are committed to finding ways to understand and explain the HIV and AIDS epidemics, and to determining how tertiary institutions and the wider society may come to address and act on the many complex and fascinating social, moral, political, economic and educational issues that the epidemics raise.

  7. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour in Dodowa, Ghana

    This report presents findings from a study of sexual and reproductive health status of inschool and out-of-school adolescents in Dodowa, Ghana, carried out in 2001. The research aim was to help design a program to address adolescents' unmet needs and promote safer behaviours. The research design used both qualitative and quantitative methods, including focus group discussions, PLA techniques and surveys. Students of Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, out-of-school adolescents, teachers, parents and community opinion leaders were included in the study.

  8. Life or lunch, what do we choose? HIV/AIDS in the workplace

    This paper illustrates how HIV/AIDS is affecting teachers as individuals and as professionals. Teachers are expected to play a major role in combating HIV/AIDS, but at the same time, the results of this study show that they are also being affected by the disease. And unless the difficulties that they face in their workplace and at home are dealt with, it is likely that the gravity of the disease may become unbearable for some of them. As a result, they will be unable to fully develop their role as communicators about the disease. …

  9. National teacher training HIV needs assessment Malawi, 2008

    The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Needs Assessment Survey was carried out in June, 2008, in Malawi's nine Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) and the teacher training department of Mzuzu University. A total of 754 pre-service teachers were sampled for the survey, with data triangulated through three research tools: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and activity-based workshops. …

  10. Courage and hope: stories from teachers living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status. Stigma remains the greatest challenge and the major barrier to accessing and providing assistance to these teachers. The personal experiences from the 12 teachers presented in this book offer first-hand accounts of the difficult, and sometimes debilitating, challenges faced by teachers living with HIV. …

  11. The impact of HIV and AIDS on higher education institutions in Uganda

    This book examines ways in which HIV and AIDS affect higher education institutions in Uganda. A review of literature and a nationwide survey among staff and teachers in such institutions was undertaken in order to identify some of the predisposing factors to HIV-infection, and measures are proposed to help mitigate ist spread. While the study aims to gather details, facts and opinions from the different actors involved, its is hoped that their voices will be heard by those who have the power to take action in response to the problems and issues surrounding HIV and AIDS.

  12. La contribution des TIC à la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans l'enseignement scolaire au Burkina Faso: cas du programme pilote intégré education, VIH/ SIDA et NTIC

    Ce document présente trois études de cas sur l'intégration des TIC (Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication) dans la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. Le premier, "La contribution des TIC à la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans l'enseignement scolaire au Burkina Faso : Cas du programme pilote intégré éducation, VIH/ SIDA et NTIC" est un projet du Ministère de l'Enseignement de Base et de l'Alphabétisation du Burkina Faso avec le soutien du Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement (PNUD). …

  13. L'impact du VIH et du sida sur le système éducatif au Togo

    La très forte stigmatisation et le silence qui entoure l'épidémie aggravent les effets du VIH et du sida en milieu scolaire. Ici et là, associations et ONG travaillent activement pour la prise en charge des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Une loi togolaise de 2005 pour la protection des personnes vis-à-vis du VIH devrait venir renforcer l'action de l'État. Après les travaux réalisés au Burkina Faso en 2005, l'IIPE continue son enquête en Afrique de l'Ouest pour analyser les stratégies les plus adaptées à chaque pays dans la lutte du système éducatif contre le VIH. …

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