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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Systematic review and meta-analysis: prevalence of alcohol use among young people in eastern Africa

    The study’s objective is the systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of alcohol use among young people (age 15–24 years) in eastern Africa to estimate prevalence of alcohol use and determine the extent of use of standardised screening questionnaires in alcohol studies. Based on the review results, the authors draw the conclusion that alcohol use and problem drinking were common among diverse groups of young people in eastern Africa, indicating the urgent need for alcohol-focused interventions in this population. …

  2. A Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. Uganda’s experience: country report

    This document provides the findings of a country assessment carried out in Uganda in the first phase of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS: Prevention and Care". The purpose of this exercise was threefold: (i) to assess the evolution of the epidemic (HIV infection and PWA) and its cultural and societal impact in the context and perspective of sustainable development. (ii) to determine how and to which extent culture, features and resources of the population are being taken into consideration in the design, implementation and evaluation of HIV/AIDS interventions. …

  3. High HIV sero-prevalence among students of institutions of higher education in Southeast Nigeria

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence and sexual behavioural dynamics of HIV infection in students of institutions of higher education (IHEs) as a guide to the design of a tailor-made HIV intervention programmes. Methods: A total of 9 709 sexually matured students from five IHEs in Southeast Nigeria aged 19–24 years were recruited to obtain representative data from the institutionalised student population. HIV status was confirmed using enzyme based immuno-assay technique. Demographic and behavioural information were obtained through a structured questionnaire. …

  4. Imagined futures I: student leadership in a time of AIDS. Conference report

    This document is a report of a two days conference on student leadership in a time of AIDS. The debates focused on youth taking leadership and embracing the opportunities to address HIV and AIDS. The sessions included: methodologies in working with students, monitoring and evaluation and peer education, and institutionalising HIV and AIDS programmes.

  5. Sexual behaviour and knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections among undergraduate students in Durban, South Africa

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to identify the sexual behavior and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst 752 undergraduate university students in South Africa, using self-administered questionnaires. More than half reported presently being sexually active, the majority used contraceptives and especially used condoms. Almost a third of the sample, had multiple sexual partners, and more than a quarter of them reported to have sex under the influence of alcohol. …

  6. Swaziland behavioural surveillance survey (BSS)

    The objectives of the BSS Round One in Swaziland were to: Help establish a monitoring system that will track behavioral trend data for high-risk and vulnerable target groups in Swaziland; Provide information on behavioral trends of key target groups in some catchment areas where HIV sentinel sero-surveillance is done; Provide information that will increase understanding of HIV prevalence trends over time; Provide information to guide the planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS/STI interventions; Provide evidence of the relative success of HIV prevention efforts  …

  7. Youth participation and leadership: an effective tool in combating HIV/AIDS in southern Africa

    The case studies throughout this paper are designed to serve three purposes: to share promising practice of where National AIDS Authorities across the region are working with young people and to showcase activities and methods of youth participation that could be replicated; to demonstrate the benefits to NAAs of working with young people; to start sharing solutions to some of the common barriers to working with young people faced by NAAs. …

  8. Rapid appraisal students partnership worldwide/Zambia

    Students Partnership Worldwide (SPW) Zambia recently began the third year of its School HIV/AIDS Education Program (SHEP) in conjunction with Zambia's Ministry of Education (MOE). SHEP is implemented by volunteer peer educators selected from a pool of applicants who have completed at least a secondary education and who may have completed tertiary level education. Thus, they are closer in age to students than most teachers, although they are not exactly same-age peers. After an intensive training, volunteer peer educators are placed in same-sex pairs at one of the SPW schools. …

  9. Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour of Students of Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria

    This study uses both quantitative and qualitative approaches to obtain data from 1448 students equally selected from six tertiary institutions from Nigeria's three main divisions.The main objectives were to investigate the sexulal behaviour of students and highlight aspects likely to increase vulnerability to HIV infection. It is hoped that the information can used to underpin evidence-based interventions.

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