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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Good School Toolkit for reducing physical violence from school staff to primary school students: a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Uganda

    Violence against children from school staff is widespread in various settings, but few interventions address this. The authors tested whether the Good School Toolkit - a complex behavioural intervention designed by Ugandan not-for-profit organisation Raising Voices - could reduce physical violence from school staff to Ugandan primary school children. Methods: The authors randomly selected 42 primary schools (clusters) from 151 schools in Luwero District, Uganda, with more than 40 primary 5 students and no existing governance interventions. All schools agreed to be enrolled. …

  2. "It's not normal": sexual exploitation, harassment and abuse in secondary schools in Senegal

    “It’s not normal” documents how female students are exposed to sexual exploitation, harassment, and abuse in middle and upper secondary schools. Based on interviews and focus group discussions with more than 160 girls and young women, the report documents cases of teachers who abuse their position of authority by sexually harassing girls and engage in sexual relations with them, promising students money, good grades, food, or items such as mobile phones and new clothes. …

  3. Go Teachers! Creating a safe and supportive environment for girls at school: A training manual for school personnel and teachers

    The Go Girls! Toolkit is designed to support a comprehensive program that aims to reduce girls’ vulnerability to HIV/AIDS by reaching out to communities, schools, parents, boys and young girls using participatory awareness raising, community action items, and skills building tools. The tools have been pilot tested in the three implementation countries – Malawi, Mozambique, and Botswana – and revised based on the feedback from the facilitators and participants in each of the three countries

  4. Journeys: activity handbook for teachers and school staff

    The objective of the Journeys Activity Handbook for Teachers and School Staff is to mobilise school staff to take deliberate steps to increase, foster and promote a safe and caring school that is free from violence. A positive school climate includes norms, values and expectations that support people feeling socially, emotionally and physically safe. It also means that teachers are engaged and respected and pupils are cared about, encouraged and supported in a classroom that is free from violence. In addition all school staff and pupils contribute to keeping the school compound clean. …

  5. Passing the test: The real cost of being a student

    Gender Based Violence (GBV) in and around schools is now widely recognized as a serious global phenomenon that is a fundamental violation of human rights and a major barrier to the realization of all children’s rights to education. Violence can be perpetrated by students or teachers in or around the school, or by out of school youths and adults who approach students on their way to and from school or demand sex in exchange for money or gifts. Acts of Gender Based Violence are disproportionately directed at girls, but boys and teachers can also be targets. …

  6. They are destroying our futures: Sexual violence against girls in Zambia's schools

    This report examines the problem of sexual violence against girls in Zambian schools. In Zambia, many girls are raped, sexually abused, harassed, and assaulted by teachers and male classmates. They are also subjected to sexual harassment and attack while travelling to and from school. Such abuse is a devastating and often overlooked manifestation of the gender-based violence that occurs in numerous settings in Zambia and other countries throughout the world. …

  7. The scourge of abuse amongst school going children in Swaziland

    The scourge of abuse is at the moment a major challenge to the country's schools and communities at large. This study highlights findings on children vulnerable to abuse, those that are exposed to abuse and the circumstances surrounding such situations. Findings of the study revealed that there is indeed a high level of abuse (+ 60%) among school going children in the country, Evidence of this came from responses given by the students, teachers and community members who participated in the study. Sexual abuse was identified as the most prevalent type abuse, closely followed by physical abuse. …

  8. Opening our eyes: addressing gender violence in South African schools: a module for educators

    This document supports eight workshops addressing gender-based violence in South African schools and how it is related to HIV and AIDS. It can be used at secondary school level and was developed specifically as a professional development tool to be used at school or district level with teachers, school management teams and school governing bodies in order to tackle gender based violence, which includes rape, sexual harassment and homophobia. This document could be useful for NGO's, educators and other organizations who are working with youth. …

  9. The Safe Schools Program: student and teacher baseline report on school-related gender-based violence in Machinga district, Malawi

    The Safe Schools Program has just released the Student and Teacher Baseline Report on School-Related Gender-Based Violence in Machinga District, Malawi which details the methodology, population characteristics, and results of a recently conducted survey on gender-based physical, psychological and sexual violence at schools including in the classroom and on the school grounds as well as going to and from school. …

  10. The Safe Schools Program: a qualitative study to examine school-related gender-based violence in Malawi

    The Safe Schools Program has just released A Qualitative Study to Examine School-Related Gender-Based Violence in Malawi which summarizes the results of a participatory learning and action (PLA) research activity conducted in Malawi's Machinga District to help raise awareness, involvement, and accountability at national, institutional, community and individual levels of school-related gender-based violence. …

  11. Quantitative research instrument to measure school-related gender-based violence

    The Safe Schools Program has just released the Quantitative Research Instrument to Measure School-Related Gender-Based Violence, which details the sampling methodology, interview guidelines, and suggested preliminary data analysis of a recently conducted study to assess the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and experiences of boys and girls and teachers with gender-based physical, psychological and sexual violence at schools including in the classroom and on the school grounds as well as going to and from school. The study was carried out in Malawi by DevTech Systems, Inc. …

  12. HIV/AIDS and Trauma among learners: Sexual Violence and Deprivation in South Africa

    This article discusses the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in South Africa. South Africa has the fastest growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world. In 2001 over 4 million people were already HIV positive, 56% of them women. It is not yet possible to determine rates of HIV infection in schools and other learning institutions - among educators and among learners. The HIV/AIDS projection model commonly used in South Africa suggests that among 15-19 year olds almost 16% of African females are likely to be HIV positive, compared with about 3% of African males. …

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