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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School health minimum package

    A comprehensive, holistic approach encourages each school to look at its whole school community and develop an environment and culture that promote healthy ways of living. A Comprehensive School Health framework combines four main elements: Health Education, Health and Support Services, Social Support and the Physical Environment. It involves the active participation of all members of the school community in creating action plans that make their school a healthier place. …

  2. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  3. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector on the achievement of EFA in Rwanda

    This impact analysis revealed that the number of HIV positive teachers is likely to increase, as could AIDS mortality and absenteeism. ART, particularly second-line ART could reduce these problems and save money. HIV prevalence in Rwandan teachers could reach 12% by 2015. Considerable effort is required to reduce pupil-teacher ratios and increase orphan school attendance. Rwanda can celebrate its successes in increasing net enrolment.

  4. Courage and hope: stories from teachers living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status. Stigma remains the greatest challenge and the major barrier to accessing and providing assistance to these teachers. The personal experiences from the 12 teachers presented in this book offer first-hand accounts of the difficult, and sometimes debilitating, challenges faced by teachers living with HIV. …

  5. Teacher Service Commissions and the challenges of HIV and AIDS

    In March 2003, personnel from education ministries in the four countries in the UNESCO-Nairobi cluster grouping (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda) met for the first cluster consultation on HIV, AIDS and education. There was general consensus at the meeting that Ministries of Education need to pay greater attention to issues of management, care and support, coordination, and protecting the overall quality of education. …

  6. Primary School Teachers' Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on HIV/AIDS, Life Skills, Gender and Sexuality

    This research was conducted using both the quantitative and qualitative approaches in order to assess comprehensively, the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of primary school teachers, student teachers, and other stakeholders in the education system with regard to life skills, gender, sexuality, and HIV/AIDS. The purpose was to provide adequate information to guide the introduction of an HIV/AIDS and life skills programme in primary schools and teachers training colleges. …

  7. HIV/AIDS and the role of the Education Service Commissions

    Le Bureau de l'UNESCO-Nairobi a organisé, du 16 au 18 juin 2003, la deuxième de la série de ses consultations sur le thème du VIH/SIDA et l'Education au Nile Conference Centre de Kampala, en Ouganda. Cette Consultation a fait suite à la recommandation de la première en série, organisée par le Bureau de l'UNESCO-Nairobi, et qui a eu lieu à Kigali (Rwanda) au mois de mars 2003. La recommandation principale de la Consultation de Kigali a été de réunir les responsables des Commissions chargées de l'enseignement et celles des enseignants de différents pays du Bureau de l'UNESCO-Nairobi, à savoir le Burundi, le Kenya, le Rwanda et l'Ouganda, afin de leur offrir l'occasion de ré examiner les effets de l'épidémie du VIH/SIDA sur la qualité de l'enseignement. La Consultation de Kampala a, de ce fait, réuni des Responsables des Commissions chargées de l'enseignement et celles des enseignants, ceux des ressources humaines dans les départements de l'Education et des Finances, les principaux responsables des syndicats d'enseignants, et des représentants du Bureau de l'UNESCO-Nairobi. Des membres de Mobile Task Team - MTT (Equipe mobile de travail sur le VIH et l'éducation) ont également participé à cette Consultation. Le but de la Consultation était d'améliorer non seulement la compréhension des participants de l'influence du VIH/SIDA sur le service éducatif et la qualité de l'enseignement, mais aussi celle de la manière dont les responsables des services de gestion des enseignants pourraient maintenir la qualité de l'enseignement face au VIH/SIDA. La Consultation visait trois objectifs principaux. Le premier objectif était développer la prise de conscience parmi les cadres dirigeants des services des enseignants et promouvoir leur compréhension des défis primordiaux imposés par le VIH/SIDA sur la qualité des services de l'enseignement. Le second objectif était de promouvoir l'esprit d'engagement parmi les principaux responsables des services de l'enseignement et des ministères de l'éducation, de façon à répondre de manière appropriée à l'impact du VIH/SIDA sur le service éducatif, la qualité de l'enseignement et les éducateurs en tant qu'employés. Le troisième objectif était d'identifier des actions prioritaires au sein des instances d'administration des commissions des enseignants et de gestion des ressources humaines de l'enseignement en général, et d'en ressortir des plans d'action.

  8. HIV and education sector policies and strategic plans in some African countries

    The present document is divided into the following sections: In chapter 2, responses in the form of general policies and HIV are discussed with the intention to define some criteria for assessing and characterising such instruments. Chapter 3 focuses more on education and tries to highlight some of the main socio-economic characteristics of the relationship between HIV and education. Chapter 4 reviews some African countries national HIV policies and educational policies. …

  9. HIV and AIDS in context: the needs of learners and educators

    The following 'think piece' is a collection of observations selected principally from a very rapid September 2003 tour of Malawi, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda, recent fieldwork in Botswana, Rwanda and Zimbabwe, and UNESCO Nairobi cluster workshops on education and teachers held in Kigali and Kampala early in 2003. The 2003 tour confirmed previous impressions about where we are and where we need to go. Many of the observations and comments on HIV and teacher education are personal: they are meant to challenge our perceptions of what we are doing and how we are doing it. …

  10. Global reach: how trade unions are responding to AIDS. Case studies of union action

    Global Reach: how trade unions are responding to AIDS is a set of 11 case studies which illustrate the wide range of responses by trade unions to the HIV epidemic.The case studies, based on the experiences of working people in Africa, Asia, Central America and the Caribbean, show that the massive memberships and well-structured networks of trade unions are a powerful tool in the response to HIV. …

  11. Education for All HIV and AIDS: the teachers' union response

    In order to better meet the needs of teachers' representatives worldwide, EI and its partners decided to merge two key training programmes dealing with Education For All and HIV and AIDS prevention in schools. The two issues are inextricably linked. HIV and AIDS represent a direct threat to reaching the "Education For All" goals, whilst lack of schooling contributes to the further spread of the epidemic. The publication presents the two separate EI programmes - EFA and HIV and AIDS - and shows why EI chose to combine them. …

  12. Consultation on HIV/AIDS and education

    UNESCO Nairobi Cluster Office Report of the Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Education. 4 to 6 March 2003, Kigali, RwandaThe purpose of the consultation was twofold: (1) to raise awareness and understanding on how HIV/AIDS affects education and how education affects HIV/AIDS; and (2) to identify the way forward with regard to a strategic response to HIV/AIDS in and through education. …

  13. Case of Rwanda

    This paper summarises the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Rwanda, looking at the impact on the school population, the impact on teaching staff and the impact on education budget. It also presents a series of recommendations to the Education Ministry to reduce the impact.

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