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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Evaluation of a comprehensive school-based AIDS education programme in rural Masaka, Uganda

    This study aimed to evaluate a one-year, comprehensive, school-based HIV and AIDS education program in rural, southwestern Uganda. Twenty intervention schools (1274 students) and 11 control schools (803 students) completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires. Twelve focus groups were conducted among five of the intervention schools (93 students). Very few effects of the intervention were observed. Focus group data indicates that programmes were not implemented comprehensively and certain activities (how to use condoms, role playing) were only superficially used. …

  2. HIV education in South African schools: the dilemma and conflicts of educators

    Educators within the school system are well placed to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and skills in order for adolescents to be equipped for appropriate sexual decision-making. The aim of this research was to provide an understanding of educators' beliefs, attitudes and behaviours with regard to sexual and reproductive health promotion. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted with 15 educators from demographically diverse high schools in the Western Cape. One-off interviews were conducted with Grade 8 Life Orientation educators and principals. …

  3. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  4. Process evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS intervention in South Africa

    This paper presents a process evaluation that assessed the fidelity and quality of implementation, as well as the acceptability and subjective evaluations of a HIV/AIDS intervention among students and teachers. Methods: The process evaluation was conducted as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a theory- and evidence-based school HIV/AIDS intervention in Cape Town. The intervention was designed for grade 8 high school students and delivered by teachers over a six-month period. Twenty-six schools participated in the trial, 13 in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. …

  5. VCT uptake and associated factors among teachers from Harari Administrative Region

    Background: Although HIV/AIDS is affecting most productive segments of the population, the basic education sector which is vital to the creation of human capital is also equally affected. The loss of skilled and experienced teachers due to the problem is increasingly compromising the provision of quality education in most African countries and thus, needs appropriate intervention measures that reverse the current trend. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and determining factors of VCT uptake among teachers of Harari Administrative Region. …

  6. School-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa

    This supplement of the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health includes contains a series of freely accessible articles on school-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  7. Breaking the Silence: A Teachers Service Commission HIV and AIDS Magazine

    Main topics of this newsletter are: - A Model of Workplace HIV/AIDS Management; - Women Make up half World's HIV Population; - Shared Experiences on Stigma and Discrimination.; - Comparative Study; - Mitigating the effect of Post Election Violence; - Organizing Education Sector Responses to HIV and AIDS.

  8. The hidden work of caring: teachers and the maturing AIDS epidemic in diverse secondary schools in Durban

    In this article, authors argue that teachers are dealing with the consequences of HIV/AIDS in their schools and classrooms. By focusing on the pastoral care of teachers work with learners, authors explore the ways that teachers understand the care component of their school work, and describe what they actually do for learners who are either infected or affected by AIDS. Many teachers are in some or other way involved in care work, but the conditions of schools determine the nature and extent of the care work that teachers are called to deliver. …

  9. Breaking the Silence: A Teachers Service Commission HIV and AIDS Magazine

    Main topics of this newsletter are: - Task Force Committee for Kenya Network of HIV Positive Teachers (KENEPOTE); - Achievements of KENEPOTE; - PLWHA Perspective at the International AIDS Conference Mexico (2008); - Challenges facing the orphaned Child in School.

  10. Breaking the Silence: A Teachers Service Commission HIV and AIDS Magazine

    Main topics of this newsletter are: - Taking the Lead in VCT; - KAIS Results; - Impact of HIV and AIDS: Pilot study on the Teaching Profession; - HIV and Mental Illness; - Disability Friendly VCT. Others topic are: - TSC Sub-Sector WorkPlace Policy; - Teachers Achievements of Kenya Network of HIV Positive Teachers (KENEPOTE); - PLWHA Perspective at the International AIDS Conference Mexico (2008); - Challenges facing the orphaned Child in School.

  11. Exploring the preparation of teachers to teach about HIV/AIDS in Kenya

    This paper reports preliminary findings on how a primary teacher-training college in Kenya is preparing teacher trainees to teach about HIV/AIDS. Included are features of the Kenya education system. The aim of the study was to understand the preparation of teachers to teach about HIV/AIDS by exploring both teacher-trainers' and trainees' preparedness. The study was conducted by carrying out document review, observation and semi-structured interviews with the college administration, two teacher trainers, as well as a group interview with four trainees. …

  12. Promoting sexual responsibility among young people in Zimbabwe

    The Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) launched the Promotion of Youth Responsibility Project with technical assistance from the Johns Hopkins University Population Communication Services. This article presents an assessment of the project's success at reaching its target audience and promoting responsible sexual behaviour among young people.

  13. Keeping the education system healthy: managing the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in South Africa

    HIV/AIDS not only attacks individuals. It also attacks systems. Until recently, HIV/AIDS has been perceived primarily as a health problem, which can be contained by effective health education programmes. But the deadly virus has not been contained and continues to spread so widely that it is now having a profound adverse impact on communities and institutions. Government's health-focused HIV/AIDS plans have failed to consider what must be done when the disease is out of control and state systems are themselves threatened. …

  14. Impact du VIH/SIDA sur le Système Educatif Ivoirien et Suivi des Objectifs de l'Education Primaire pour Tous

    Pendant I'annee scolaire 1996-1997, sur I'ensemble du territoire ivoirien, l'infection a VIH/SIDA est responsable de 64,22% des cas de deces dont les causes sont determinees. Pour la periode octobre 97 a juin 98, I'infection a VIH/SIDA est responsable de 69,41% des cas de deces dont les causes sont connues.

  15. HIV/AIDS and Education: a study on how a selection of school governing bodies in Mpumalanga understand, respond to and implement legislation and policies on HIV/AIDS

    Very little research has been done in South Africa on HIV/AIDS and education. This article is a small attempt to plug the gap. The purpose of the research is to investigate the legal and policy provisions and implications regarding HIV/AIDS for rural and township schools in the Mpumalanga district of South Africa. It seeks to answer three questions: (1) What is the status of policy and legislation on HIV/AIDS and Education in South Africa? (2) How do schools understand, respond to and manage issues of law and policy regarding HIV/AIDS? …

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