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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Enquête de surveillance comportementale auprès des jeunes : Rapport final

    L’Enquête de Surveillance Comportementale (ESC 2012) auprès des Jeunes de 15 à 24 ans a été exécutée par l’Institut National de la Statistique. Il s’agit de la quatrième enquête par sondage du genre qui a été réalisée au niveau de 38 sites sentinelles répartis à travers les 22 régions administratives du pays. Cette étude s’inscrit dans le cadre du dispositif mis en place à Madagascar pour la surveillance des comportements à risque vis-à-vis de l’infection à VIH. …

  2. Universidad Saludable. Módulo educativo para la acción preventiva de las ITS, el VIH y el SIDA en instituciones de educación superior

    La prevención y el control del VIH y sida han constituido en los últimos 30 años uno de los desa s más importantes a la imaginación y a la inteligencia de nuestra especie. Tan pronto los modos de transmisión -sexual, sanguíneo y perinatal- de esta nueva infección fueron conocidos, y con ellos tuvimos la posibilidad de impactar a enfermedades de transmisión sexual que se habían mantenido ocultas por siglos, la Humanidad tomó conciencia de la necesidad de contener su diseminación. …

  3. The emerging face of the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa

    Purpose of review: A volume of quality HIV data has materialized recently in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This review provides a thematic narrative of the patterns of HIV infection transmission in this region in light of these data. Recent findings: Tens of integrated bio-behavioral surveillance surveys among hard-to-reach key populations at higher risk have been conducted in MENA in the recent years. Many of the studies reported appreciable and growing HIV prevalence. …

  4. Gender inequality and HIV transmission: a global analysis

    Introduction: The HIV pandemic disproportionately impacts young women. Worldwide, young women aged 15–24 are infected with HIV at rates twice that of young men, and young women alone account for nearly a quarter of all new HIV infections. The incommensurate HIV incidence in young – often poor – women underscores how social and economic inequalities shape the HIV epidemic. Confluent social forces, including political and gender violence, poverty, racism, and sexism impede equal access to therapies and effective care, but most of all constrain the agency of women. …

  5. Effective laws to end HIV and AIDS: Next steps for parliaments

    With the global AIDS response becoming increasingly hampered by the criminalization of key populations, this study aims to encourage and assist parliamentary scrutiny of legislation that impedes effective HIV interventions. It highlights the various processes in selected parliaments that led to the adoption of laws with a positive impact on the AIDS response. Although such outcomes were not always easy to achieve, they were mainly the result of inspired leadership by parliamentarians able to overcome the moral obstacles that had stifled socially sensitive issues in political debate.

  6. Preventing HIV transmission in adolescents: an analysis of the Portuguese data from the Health Behaviour School-aged Children study and focus groups

    This research examined demographic, personal, family and school variables related to adolescents’ sexual behaviour and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS infected people. This research was also designed to understand the cognitive and emotional bases of the sexual decisions made by adolescents. Preventive research must explore how young people understand, manage and explore their sexuality, risk and relationships.

  7. Tanzania third national multi-sectoral strategic framework for HIV and AIDS (2013/14 - 2017/18)

    The Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework for Mainland Tanzania 2013/14-17/18 (NMSF III) provides a common understanding for all HIV and AIDS stakeholders and reflects current normative guidance in the national response effort. Development of the NMSF III has incorporated the evaluations of the previous NMSF II (2008-2012) and recent epidemiological analyses of HIV in Tanzania. …

  8. Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention

    Cash payments to improve health outcomes have been used for many years; however, their use for HIV prevention is new and the impact not yet well understood. We provide a brief background on the rationale behind using cash to improve health outcomes, review current studies completed or underway using cash for prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, and outline some key considerations on the use of cash payments to prevent HIV infections. We searched the literature for studies that implemented cash transfer programs and measured HIV or HIV-related outcomes. …

  9. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre le SIDA 2012-2016

    Le plan stratégique de lutte contre le sida pour le quinquennat de 2012-2016 est élaboré en référence aux résultats obtenus au cours depuis cette dernière décennie où le Burundi a amplifié la riposte à cette pandémie. Il tient également compte des défis qui restent à surmonter ainsi que les faiblesses mis en exergue par la revue du plan stratégique de lutte contre le sida sur la période 2007-2011. …

  10. The global HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs

    This publication addresses research questions related to an increase in the levels of access and utilization for four key interventions that have the potential to significantly reduce HIV infections among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) and their sexual and injecting partners, and hence morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). These interventions are drawn from nine consensus interventions that comprise a 'comprehensive package' for PWID. …

  11. Perspectives on intimate partner violence in Swaziland amongst 18–29-year-old men undergoing medical circumcision

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is perceived as a major contributor to HIV transmission in Swaziland. This exploratory study aimed to develop a culturally-specific understanding of men's perspectives of IPV. Focus group methods were used to gather information from 45 young urban Swazi men who had undergone medical male circumcision. A thematic analysis was conducted focussing on the manifestations of IPV and socio-cultural and economic factors which underpin, circumstances which trigger and social responses to IPV. …

  12. Concurrent partnerships, acute infection and HIV epidemic dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe

    This paper explores the roles of acute infection and concurrent partnerships in HIV transmission dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe using realistic representations of the partnership network and all published estimates of stage-specific infectivity. We use dynamic exponential random graph models to estimate partnership network parameters from an empirical study of sexual behavior and drive a stochastic simulation of HIV transmission through this dynamic network. …

  13. HIV modes of transmission model. Analysis of the distribution of new HIV infections in the Dominican Republic and recommendations for prevention

    The objective of the Modes of Transmission Model (MOT) is to use sources from different studies to generate an estimation of the specific populations foreseen to contribute most to the incidence of HIV during the coming year, so that prevention efforts and resources are directed to those populations.

  14. Le VIH a 30 ans, des nouvelles du futur

    Remaides est une revue trimestrielle destinée aux personnes vivant avec le VIH et leurs proches. Elle apporte une information claire et précise sur les traitements au VIH et les hépatites comme sur toutes les difficultés auxquelles chacun peut se retrouver confronté dans sa vie quotidienne. A travers les témoignages de ses lecteurs, Remaides est attaché à rendre visible la réalité intime de l'épidémie et à enrichir chacun de l'expérience des autres. Ce numéro propose un dossier spécialement consacré aux IST, aux traitements et aux différentes techniques de dépistage.

  15. UNAIDS Middle East and North Africa regional report on AIDS 2011

    In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the HIV epidemic has been on the rise since 2001. Although the overall HIV prevalence in the region is still low, the rise in new infections has put MENA among the top two regions in the world with the fastest growing HIV epidemic. The rise in the estimated number of people living with HIV in the region presumably is the result of an increased HIV prevalence among key populations at higher risk and a forward transmission of the virus to a larger number of individuals who are generally at lower risk of infection.

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