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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender inequality and HIV transmission: a global analysis

    Introduction: The HIV pandemic disproportionately impacts young women. Worldwide, young women aged 15–24 are infected with HIV at rates twice that of young men, and young women alone account for nearly a quarter of all new HIV infections. The incommensurate HIV incidence in young – often poor – women underscores how social and economic inequalities shape the HIV epidemic. Confluent social forces, including political and gender violence, poverty, racism, and sexism impede equal access to therapies and effective care, but most of all constrain the agency of women. …

  2. Preventing HIV transmission in adolescents: an analysis of the Portuguese data from the Health Behaviour School-aged Children study and focus groups

    This research examined demographic, personal, family and school variables related to adolescents’ sexual behaviour and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS infected people. This research was also designed to understand the cognitive and emotional bases of the sexual decisions made by adolescents. Preventive research must explore how young people understand, manage and explore their sexuality, risk and relationships.

  3. The global HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs

    This publication addresses research questions related to an increase in the levels of access and utilization for four key interventions that have the potential to significantly reduce HIV infections among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) and their sexual and injecting partners, and hence morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). These interventions are drawn from nine consensus interventions that comprise a 'comprehensive package' for PWID. …

  4. Concurrent partnerships, acute infection and HIV epidemic dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe

    This paper explores the roles of acute infection and concurrent partnerships in HIV transmission dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe using realistic representations of the partnership network and all published estimates of stage-specific infectivity. We use dynamic exponential random graph models to estimate partnership network parameters from an empirical study of sexual behavior and drive a stochastic simulation of HIV transmission through this dynamic network. …

  5. Secret Lives, Other voices: A community-based study exploring male-to-male sex, gender identity and HIV transmission risk in Fiji

    The report explores sexuality, gender identity and HIV transmission risk in Fiji, and represents the first research of its kind to be conducted since 1998 among men who have sex with men and transgender people in the country. The report found that men who have sex with men are at high risk of HIV in Fiji. Only 21.6% of respondents consistently used condoms during anal sex with a male or transgender partner in the previous six months. More than one in five reported never using them. …

  6. HIV transmission in intimate partner relationships in Asia

    This document from the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) examines one aspect of HIV transmission in Asia: women at risk of acquiring HIV because they are intimate partners of men with high-risk behaviors. The term "HIV transmission in intimate partner relationships" is used to describe the transmission of HIV to women from their long-term male partners who inject drugs, have sex with other men, or are clients of sex workers.

  7. Health education to prevent HIV/AIDS and STIs. Teacher guide + Student resource book

    This Teacher Guide contains the information, assessment tasks and sample lesson plans for teaching about HIV/AIDS and STIs in TVET institutions, in Papua New Guinea. …

  8. HIV/AIDS, security and conflict: new realities, new responses

    Demonstrating the impact HIV has on security, the ASCI report outlines how security crises and security institutions can influence HIV incidence. Importantly, the study indicates that with good policy and appropriate programmes, challenges can be overcome. It recommends 10 ways in which efforts towards peacekeeping, peacebuilding and humanitarian response can integrate HIV issues.

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