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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Antiretroviral drug access and behavior change

    Access to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in Sub-Saharan Africa has rapidly expanded - from fewer than 10,000 people treated in 2000 to more than 8 million in 2011. To measure the impact of this expansion, it is necessary to identify the behavioral response of individuals to drug access. This paper combines geocoded information about the timing of introduction of ARVs in all Kenyan health facilities with two waves of geocoded population surveys to estimate the impact of proximity to an ARV provider on risky sexual behavior. …

  2. Gender violence and HIV: Perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal and Western Cape, South Africa

    The AIDS Legal Network (ALN), in collaboration with Her Rights Initiative (HRI), South Africa Positive Women Ambassadors (SAPWA), South Africa Partners, and the Mitchell’s Plain Network Opposing Abuse, engaged in a study to assess perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV. …

  3. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  4. HIV prevalence among high school learners - opportunities for schools-based HIV testing programmes and sexual reproductive health services

    Young girls in sub Saharan Africa are reported to have higher rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared to boys in the same age group. Knowledge of HIV status amongst high schools learners provides an important gateway to prevention and treatment services. This study aimed at determining the HIV prevalence and explored the feasibility of HIV testing among high school learners. Between September 2010 and February 2011, a linked, anonymous cross-sectional survey was conducted in two public sector high schools in the rural KwaZulu-Natal midlands. …

  5. Rapid psychosocial function screening test identified treatment failure in HIV+ African youth

    Psychosocial dysfunction in older children and adolescents is common and may lead to nonadherence to HIV treatments. Poor adherence leads to HIV treatment failure and the development of resistant virus. In resource-limited settings where treatment options are typically limited to only one or two available lines of therapy, identification of individuals at highest risk of failure before failure occurs is of critical importance. …

  6. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  7. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Malawi report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Malawi, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  8. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Botswana Report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Botswana, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  9. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Lesotho report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Lesotho, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  10. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Zimbabwe report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Zimbabwe, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  11. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Tanzania report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Tanzania, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  12. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Zambia report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Zambia, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. It looks at whether these policies, tools and practices have evolved in response to the HIV epidemic.

  13. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Swaziland report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Swaziland, a country where HIV and AIDS are highly prevalent. It looks at whether these policies, tools and practices have evolved in response to the HIV epidemic

  14. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  15. The Impact of a Growing HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Kenyan Children

    This document gives an overview of the impact of HIV/AIDS on children in Kenya as well as looking at HIV/AIDS interventions. The results presented in this chapter are based on secondary data from relevant institutions, three mini surveys and simulation models. The analysis shows that prevention programmes implemented so far have not been very effective in changing risky behaviours. Data from ministries suggest a slight decline in the quantity of education services and that health services are being overwhelmed by HIV/AIDS patients.

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