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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Having sex, becoming somebody: A qualitative study assessing (sexual) identity development of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS

    A growing number of adolescents are living with HIV/AIDS. For their well-being and for prevention, age- and culturally appropriate interventions become increasingly important. This qualitative study was conducted as the first step to develop a sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention. The study's objective was to assess the impact of HIV and related contextual conditions on identity formation of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALH) in the domains of physical, cognitive, social, and sexual development. Data were collected using focus group discussions (FGDs). …

  2. Antiretroviral drug access and behavior change

    Access to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in Sub-Saharan Africa has rapidly expanded - from fewer than 10,000 people treated in 2000 to more than 8 million in 2011. To measure the impact of this expansion, it is necessary to identify the behavioral response of individuals to drug access. This paper combines geocoded information about the timing of introduction of ARVs in all Kenyan health facilities with two waves of geocoded population surveys to estimate the impact of proximity to an ARV provider on risky sexual behavior. …

  3. Gender violence and HIV: Perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal and Western Cape, South Africa

    The AIDS Legal Network (ALN), in collaboration with Her Rights Initiative (HRI), South Africa Positive Women Ambassadors (SAPWA), South Africa Partners, and the Mitchell’s Plain Network Opposing Abuse, engaged in a study to assess perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV. …

  4. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  5. HIV prevalence among high school learners - opportunities for schools-based HIV testing programmes and sexual reproductive health services

    Young girls in sub Saharan Africa are reported to have higher rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared to boys in the same age group. Knowledge of HIV status amongst high schools learners provides an important gateway to prevention and treatment services. This study aimed at determining the HIV prevalence and explored the feasibility of HIV testing among high school learners. Between September 2010 and February 2011, a linked, anonymous cross-sectional survey was conducted in two public sector high schools in the rural KwaZulu-Natal midlands. …

  6. HIV serostatus disclosure and lived experiences of adolescents at the Transition Clinic of the Infectious Diseases Clinic in Kampala, Uganda: A qualitative study

    Most studies on HIV serostatus disclosure and adolescents focus on whether, how and when to disclose to adolescents their HIV diagnosis. Fewer studies have examined HIV serostatus disclosure by adolescents who know they are infected with HIV. This study presents qualitative data examining HIV serostatus and treatment disclosure practices and concerns of young people living with HIV in Uganda and the extent to which they are satisfied with current norms around HIV serostatus and treatment disclosure. …

  7. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  8. Les femmes à l'épreuve du VIH dans les pays du sud: genre et accès universel à la prise en charge

    Alors que les programmes de prévention et de traitement ont permis des avancées majeures dans les pays du Sud, les femmes vivant avec le VIH, majoritaires en Afrique, bénéficient-elles de ces progrès à égalité avec les hommes ? Mères et futures mères d'enfants exposés, quelle expérience ont-elles des systèmes de soins ? Les responsabilités qui leur incombent en matière de prévention et de charge des soins au sein des couples et des familles, associées aux exigences des programmes sanitaires sont-elles, pour elles, sources de difficultés supplémentaires ? …

  9. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Malawi report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Malawi, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  10. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Botswana Report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Botswana, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  11. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Lesotho report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Lesotho, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  12. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Zimbabwe report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Zimbabwe, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  13. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Tanzania report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Tanzania, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. The research aims to discover whether teacher management policies, tools and practices have evolved in high prevalence settings as a response to the HIV epidemic.

  14. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Zambia report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Zambia, a country where HIV and AIDS is highly prevalent. It looks at whether these policies, tools and practices have evolved in response to the HIV epidemic.

  15. Teacher management in a context of HIV and AIDS: Swaziland report

    This study aims to describe and analyse the results of a qualitative research study on teacher management policies, tools and practices in Swaziland, a country where HIV and AIDS are highly prevalent. It looks at whether these policies, tools and practices have evolved in response to the HIV epidemic

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