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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Urban adolescent SRH SBCC implementation kit

    This tool helps develop programs for urban adolescents on sexual and reproductive health and behavior change. It is divided into four parts: Part 1 provides the background and information on how to use the I-Kit. Part 2 includes the seven essential elements of program planning and interactive worksheets. Part 3 provides strategies to address program implementation challenges. Part 4 encourages to share what has been learned. Then, additional resources are provided for further information. The Help section includes acronyms, glossary, icon key, and references.

  2. Behavioral determinants of urban youth sexual and reproductive health. A secondary analysis of DHS data for Benin and Madagascar

    Youth aged 15-24 represent a growing and heterogeneous proportion of the world’s population. Investing in young people’s health and wellbeing is critical to promoting growth and development, not only for individuals but also for communities and nations. The majority of today’s youth are living in urban areas.In an urban or city environment, opportunities for jobs, education, better housing and health care are often more widely available than in rural areas. But these benefits are usually unevenly distributed and urban poor have limited or no access to many urban amenities. …

  3. Status report on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents living in urban slums in Kenya

    Young people face numerous health challenges during their transition to adulthood. These challenges include, among others, limited access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services. Unmet SRH needs among adolescents may contribute to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancies are associated with several adverse outcomes, such as miscarriage, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and other complications, which can result in long-term morbidity and even death. …

  4. An innovative approach to using both cellphones and the radio to identify young people’s sexual concerns in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

    Background: As teenagers have easy access to both radio programs and cell phones, the current study used these tools so that young people could anonymously identify questions about sex and other related concerns in the urban environment of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The purpose of this healthcare intervention was to identify and address concerns raised by young people, which are related to sexual health, and which promote youth health. Methods: This healthcare intervention was conducted over a six month period and consisted of a survey carried out in Kinshasa. …

  5. The sexual behaviour of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: patterns and trends from national surveys

    Objectives: To describe the sexual and reproductive behaviour of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly 15- to 19-year-olds. Methods: Using DHS/AIS data (2000–2010), nine indicators of adolescent behaviour and one of adult attitudes towards condom education for adolescents were described for 24 countries. Indicators were disaggregated by gender, urban/rural residency and educational status, and time trends were described. Results: Up to 25% of 15- to 19-year-olds reported sex before age 15; this proportion shrank over time in many countries. …

  6. Mass media exposure among urban youth in Nepal

    This article presents data on both lifetime and daily exposure to specific mass media sources among Ne pal’s urban youth. It also presents in formation on preferred radio stations and television channels; the role of the mass media in disseminating messages about social and health is sues; the mass media as a source of in formation on contraceptive methods, HIV/AIDS and puberty; and their role as a source of sex education for boys and girls. Finally, it ex amines the factors that influence urban youths’ exposure to the mass media in Nepal.

  7. Project update : baseline survey results : integrating adolescent livelihood activities within a Reproductive Health Program for Urban Slum Dwellers in India

    The Population Council in collaboration with CARE India conducted an operations research study of an intervention designed to improve the lives and prospects of several slums areas of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. The project aimed to take pre-existing reproductive health programme for adolescents and test the feasibility and impact of adding four additional components to it: counselling about savings formation and livelihoods; training in vocational skills; assistance in opening savings accounts; and follow-up support. …

  8. Emerging issues and developments at the regional level : socio-economic measures to alleviate poverty in rural and urban areas : report of the third Asia-Pacific Intergovernmental Meeting on Human Resources Development for Youth

    The theme of the Meeting was "Integrated approaches to youth health: focus on sexual and reproductive health, substance abuse and HIV/AIDS". The Meeting provided a forum for the exchange of national experiences and good practices on the interrelated areas of sexual and reproductive health and prevention of substance abuse and HIV/AIDS among youth. …

  9. Cambodia demographic and health survey 2000

    This report presents the results of the 2000 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS 2000). The principal objective of the survey is to provide policymakers and planners with current and reliable data on household and women's characteristics, fertility and family planning behaviour, child and maternal mortality, children's nutritional status, utilization of maternal and child health services, women's status and household relations, illnesses and injuries, and knowledge of HIV/AIDS.

  10. Pakistan's population issues in the 21st century : conference proceedings Oct 24th-26th, 2000, Karachi

    The basic theme of the conference has reflected the futuristic approach of population scholars and activists. The scientific sessions on the conference ranged from the more conventional demographic areas of infant mortality, fertility and family planning, migration and urbanization, population and development, safe motherhood to more recent interest issues such as reproductive health, gender, and sexually transmitted infections.

  11. The state of World Population 2001. Footprints and milestones: population and environmental change

    Human activity is altering the planet on an unprecedented scale, the report points out. More people are using more resources with more intensity and leaving a bigger "footprint" on the earth than ever before. The report examines the close links between environmental conditions, population trends, and prospects for alleviating poverty in developing countries. It finds that expanding women's opportunities and ensuring their reproductive health and rights are critically important, both to improve the well-being of growing human populations and to protect the natural world.

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