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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Guidelines for counselling youth on sexuality

    Nearly half of the people in the world are under the age of 25, with one in three people aged between 10 and 24 years. Youth are most at risk of HIV infection and other sexual health problems. These include unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The HIV pandemic has made us think about how and when to have sex in a way that is healthy for our partners and ourselves. This includes knowing how to say 'no' to sex when we do not want it. Many youth have a lot of knowledge about HIV prevention, but this knowledge is not always right. …

  2. National sexual and reproductive health policy

    The goal of this policy is to reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality attributed to sexual and reproductive conditions. The objectives are: 1. To provide essential sexual and reproductive health services, includes emergency obstetric and neonatal care; 2. To increase access to and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services; 3. To improve the quality of sexual and reproductive health services; 4. To ensure sustainable financing and effective management systems for sexual and reproductive health services.

  3. Creating a conducive learning environment for girls in school. A trainers' manual for preventing sexualized violence against girls in school

    This Trainers' manual provides a step by step guide on how to train selected teachers for the prevention and management of sexual violence in schools. The manual is intended to enhance knowledge/capacity of teachers to detect, prevent, and support victims of SV in schools to enable children (especially girls) enjoy their right to education, health and life in general. This manual should be used as a step by step guide for training teachers to create a conducive learning environment free from sexual violence against girls. …

  4. Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)

    This report summarizes multi-country findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), a comprehensive household questionnaire on men's attitudes and practices - along with women's opinions and reports of men's practices - on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18 to 59 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. …

  5. National Students' Conference report

    Students and Youths Working on Reproductive Health Action Team (SAYWHAT) hosted 60 students from 30 tertiary institutions during its 4th National Students Conference from the 16th to the 18th of December 2009 under the theme "Healthy Students for a prosperous Nation". …

  6. Political Breakthrough: Mobilizing Accelerated Action to End Violence Against Women and Girls by 2015

    While violence against women and girls (VAW/G) is a factor in all the MDGs, it is linked particularly closely with HIV/AIDS, as both a cause and a consequence of the pandemic. Like HIV/AIDS, violence against women and girls has complex roots, driven by socio-economic issues and gendered power dynamics. Similarly, both HIV/AIDS and VAW/G require a holistic response that cuts across sectors and stakeholders. This report assesses the programs and policies being implemented by the Global Fund, the U.S. …

  7. Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women's Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS. Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence; Volume Two: Family and Property Issues

    Legislation can be instrumental in impeding or promoting initiatives to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The widespread legal, social, economic and political ramifications of the epidemic make it necessary to review and reform a broad range of laws. Within a context of entrenched gender discrimination, the devastating impacts of HIV/AIDS, widespread poverty and increasing competition for resources such as property and land, legislative solutions to the denial of women's rights are urgently needed. …

  8. The Conflict and HIV/AIDS Nexus: An Empirical Assessment

    Within this report, we outline what is generally known about HIV/AIDS and the influence of conflict on the disease. We then discuss the first systematic effort to explore the relationship as well as some limitations with this analysis, prompting the current investigation. Following this, we present our general argument, the data and the research design that we use to explore it. In the next section, we discuss our empirical findings from the global and Rwandan analyses. What do we find? …

  9. The association between violence against women and HIV: evidence from a national population-based survey in Zimbabwe

    Violence against women has been associated with increased risk of HIV infection among women. In Zimbabwe, both violence against women and HIV are widespread. Although Zimbabwe has been experiencing a significant decline of adult HIV prevalence in recent years, women remain disproportionately infected and affected by the epidemic. The 2005-06 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) provides the first national estimate of the prevalence of violence against women and also the first population-based estimates of HIV prevalence and patterns. …

  10. Policy Guidance to Male Involvement in SRH, HIV/AIDS and Gender Based Violence Prevention and Management: An Addendum to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Policy Guidelines and Service Standards

    In Botswana, the development and implementation of the Programme of Action on Male Involvement falls within the framework of the Government of Botswana and UNFPA programme of Assistance (2003-2007), whose overall goal is to support the quality of life of the people of Botswana. One main objective of the programme is to use standard guidelines for integrating male involvement issues in SRH information and service delivery. …

  11. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health: aiming for results in Burkina Faso

    Officially launched in January 2004, the German-Burkinabe Sexual Health and Human Rights Programme (PROSAD) was chosen for write-up in the German HIV Practice Collection because, over the years, it has become a uniquely sustained, comprehensive and results-driven effort to protect and empower women, youth and children. It has helped raise their own and public awareness of their human rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights, and has provided them with a range of services and mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of those rights.

  12. A journalist's guide to sexual and reproductive health in East Africa

    Sexual and reproductive health encompasses health and well-being in matters related to sexual relations, pregnancies, and births. It deals with the most intimate and private aspects of people's lives, which can be difficult to write about and discuss publicly. As a result, the public misunderstands many sexual and reproductive health matters. In addition, cultural sensitivities and taboos surrounding sexuality often prevent people from seeking information and care and preclude governments from addressing the issues. …

  13. Rapid assessment: the situation of children in South Africa

    This report is aimed at providing an overview of the situation of children in South Africa, with a focus on the nonfulfilment and violation of children's rights as formulated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment utilises evidence drawn from available literature and interviews with key actors in the South African child rights arena. Based on the opinions of these key respondents, the report provides an overview of key role players in the field, followed by suggestions for possible areas for intervention by international aid agencies. …

  14. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  15. Situational analysis of orphaned and vulnerable children in eight Zimbabwean districts

    In response to the AIDS epidemic and poverty, the Zimbabwean government and other organisations are implementing various programmes aimed at assisting orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the eight districts surveyed. It is clearly important to have an audit of the social services and support structures available for OVC in the eight districts and to have a clear understanding of the situation of OVC including their needs and concerns in order to have proper prioritisation, designing and evaluation of programmes that are aimed at supporting the affected children.

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