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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV/AIDS and conflicts: micro evidence from Burundi

    This paper studies the relationship between civil war and HIV/AIDS in Burundi. It contributes to the empirical literature by providing micro level evidence using an identication strategy based on original data on the dynamics of rebel movements. The presence of exit and entry points from and to rebel safe havens is used to generate exogenous variation in con ict intensity. These points are plausibly assumed to serve as starting or end points for rebel attack, but are not directly related to HIV/AIDS or correlated with unobservables. …

  2. HIV/AIDS, security and conflict: new realities, new responses

    Demonstrating the impact HIV has on security, the ASCI report outlines how security crises and security institutions can influence HIV incidence. Importantly, the study indicates that with good policy and appropriate programmes, challenges can be overcome. It recommends 10 ways in which efforts towards peacekeeping, peacebuilding and humanitarian response can integrate HIV issues.

  3. HIV and emergencies: one size does not fit all

    The dynamics and impact of HIV in humanitarian crises are complex. They depend on the kind of crisis: is it the result of conflict, a rapid-onset natural disaster (such as a flood or cyclone), or a slow-onset emergency caused by drought or environmental degradation? It also depends on the HIV prevalence rate before the crisis, the political situation, the scale and duration of the crisis, the existing infrastructure and services and the level of awareness of HIV. Case studies from five countries facing very different emergencies and HIV prevalence rates were backed by a literature review. …

  4. Development and disasters in a time of HIV and AIDS: an HIV mainstreaming toolkit for development and humanitarian response workers

    This toolkit provides a practical guide to the work of HIV mainstreaming. It has four parts: Part 1 sets out CAFOD's understanding of and commitment to HIV mainstreaming and locates this within its wider response to HIV. Part 2 offers tools and processes for applying HIV mainstreaming to development and humanitarian response programmes. It identifies implications for programme design and implementation (external or programme mainstreaming), and can also indicate some issues arising from this for the internal (organisational) policies and practices of the partner programme. …

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