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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual orientation and gender identity and the protection of forced migrants

    Around the world, people face abuse, arbitrary arrest, extortion, violence, severe discrimination and lack of official protection because of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This latest issue of FMR includes 26 articles on the abuse of rights of forced migrants who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex. Authors discuss both the challenges faced and examples of good practice in securing protection for LGBTI forced migrants.

  2. The road to safety. Strengthening protection for LGBTI refugees in Uganda and Kenya

    In this report, Human Rights First has provided a comprehensive road map of practical steps that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the U.S. government, host states, and other key actors should take to protect LGBTI refugees from violence and provide them with equal access to protection and effective durable solutions. This road map will be particularly useful as UNHCR, U.S. agencies, and other actors take steps to implement commitments to address the gaps in protection facing vulnerable LGBTI refugees. …

  3. Realising sexual and reproductive health rights in Kenya: a myth or reality? A report of the Public Inquiry into Violations of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Kenya

    This report presents the findings of the Public Inquiry into violations of sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) in Kenya. The Inquiry was undertaken in fulfilment of one of the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights’ (KNCHR) primary mandates- to conduct investigations into any complaint on the violation of human rights in the country. The Inquiry was undertaken by the KNCHR following a complaint filed by two non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working on reproductive health issues in Kenya. …

  4. Born free and equal: sexual orientation and gender identity in international human rights law

    The purpose of this booklet is to set out the core obligations that States have towards LGBT persons, and describe how United Nations mechanisms have applied international law in this context. For the past eighteen years, United Nations human rights treaty bodies and special procedures have documented violations of the human rights of LGBT people and analysed State compliance with international human rights law. …

  5. HIV and the law: Risks, rights and health

    The report "HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health" presents public health, human rights and legal analysis and makes recommendations for law and policy makers, civil society, development partners and private sector actors involved in crafting a sustainable global response to HIV.

  6. Adolescents' perceptions of sexual coercion in Uganda

    In Uganda, HIV prevalence remains high with young people at higher risk of infection than adults. Much is known about the sexual risk factors for HIV transmission among youths, including sexual encounters that are coerced. On the other hand, relatively little is known about the barriers to preventing sexual coercion and what strategies may overcome those barriers with adolescents. …

  7. Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men's Childhood Experiences of Violence. Analyzing Data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey

    Great numbers of men report experiencing violence as children and these experiences have significant lifelong effects, according to the new analysis of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) dataset included in this report. Adult men who were victims or witnesses of domestic violence as children, for instance, likely come to accept violence as a conflict resolving tactic not only in intimate partnerships but also in their wider lives. …

  8. Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women's Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS. Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence; Volume Two: Family and Property Issues

    Legislation can be instrumental in impeding or promoting initiatives to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The widespread legal, social, economic and political ramifications of the epidemic make it necessary to review and reform a broad range of laws. Within a context of entrenched gender discrimination, the devastating impacts of HIV/AIDS, widespread poverty and increasing competition for resources such as property and land, legislative solutions to the denial of women's rights are urgently needed. …

  9. Integración de los derechos humanos de la mujer y la perspectiva de género: Violencia contra la mujer. Interrelaciones entre la violencia contra la mujer y el VIH/sida

    En el informe se analizan las interrelaciones entre la violencia contra la mujer y el VIH/SIDA, considerando la violencia a la vez como causa y consecuencia del VIH. Se examina la manera en que los diversos tipos de violencia a que se ven sometidas las mujeres, desde el domicilio hasta el ámbito internacional, aumenta el riesgo de transmisión del VIH/SIDA; la manera en que las mujeres que viven con el VIH son víctimas del estigma, de la discriminación y de la violencia basada en el género; y los obstáculos que dificultan el acceso de la mujer a la asistencia médica y la justicia. …

  10. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health: aiming for results in Burkina Faso

    Officially launched in January 2004, the German-Burkinabe Sexual Health and Human Rights Programme (PROSAD) was chosen for write-up in the German HIV Practice Collection because, over the years, it has become a uniquely sustained, comprehensive and results-driven effort to protect and empower women, youth and children. It has helped raise their own and public awareness of their human rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights, and has provided them with a range of services and mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of those rights.

  11. Rapid assessment: the situation of children in South Africa

    This report is aimed at providing an overview of the situation of children in South Africa, with a focus on the nonfulfilment and violation of children's rights as formulated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment utilises evidence drawn from available literature and interviews with key actors in the South African child rights arena. Based on the opinions of these key respondents, the report provides an overview of key role players in the field, followed by suggestions for possible areas for intervention by international aid agencies. …

  12. Model Law on HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa

    This is a model Law on HIV in Southern Africa, made by members of SADC Parliamentary Forum. It is a guide to legislative efforts on HIV-related issues in Southern Africa. It aims to provide a legal framework for the review and reform of national legislation related to HIV in conformity with international human rights law standards; and to promote the implementation of effective prevention, treatment, care and research strategies and programmes on HIV and AIDS.

  13. Juventudes: outros olhares sobre a diversidade

    Este livro faz parte do primeiro movimento para tornar públicas as análises dos dados da pesquisa Juventude, Juventudes: o que une e o que separa, realizada pela Unesco, no ano de 2004, trabalho que inaugurou, no Brasil, a incorporação da faixa etária de 25 a 29 anos nos estudos sobre a juventude.

  14. Mujeres, VIH/SIDA y derechos humanos

    Amnesty Internacional pide una acción coordinada para hacer frente al riesgo del VIH en el contexto de la violencia contra las mujeres. Este documento examina los riesgos actuales a los que deben hacer frente las mujeres en el contexto de la pandemia, así como las normas de derechos humanos que deberían proteger a las mujeres de la exposición al virus y garantizar el acceso a servicios médicos y asistencia social en caso de contraerlo.

  15. Empoderando a las mujeres frente al VIH/SIDA y la violencia. Experiencias latinoamericanas y caribeñas

    Según datos de ONUSIDA se estima que a finales de 2005 había 38,6 millones de personas viviendo con VIH/ Sida en el mundo, de las cuales las mujeres representan cerca de la mitad de estos casos. El 95% de las personas viviendo con VIH/Sida se encuentra en países en desarrollo y el 60% de las personas viviendo con VIH/ Sida en África corresponde a mujeres. Después del África Subsahariana, el Caribe es la segunda zona del mundo más afectada, siendo el Sida la primera causa de muerte en hombres y mujeres entre 15 y 44 años. …

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