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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Diagnóstico de la Violencia contra los y las Trabajadores/as sexuales, mujeres, transgéneros y varones, y su vulnerabilidad frente a las ITS y el VIH

    El presente estudio intenta desde diversas fuentes, realizar un diagnóstico de la violencia ejercida contra trabajadores y trabajadoras sexuales (mujeres, trans y gays) en las regiones de Lima, Callao, Arequipa, Piura, Iquitos y Huancayo. …

  2. Technical issue brief: Gender and HIV/AIDS

    Gender influences the vulnerability of women, girls, men, and boys to HIV and its effects. It also influences how societies respond to the epidemic. Gender refers to the cultural, economic, and political attributes, constraints, and opportunities associated with being a man or a woman. It is a social construct that defines roles, responsiblities, and behaviors of women, men, girls, and boys. Differences in behavior and power between and among men and women are evident within couples, families, and communities. …

  3. Status of legislation in relation to HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa

    This table summarizes the status of legislation in relation to HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa. The approached subjects are anti-discrimination and equality, HIV specific legislation, gender violence/sexual offences, right to health care/reproductive health, child protection/vulnerable groups, property rights and inheritance, customary practices. This table was taken from "Supporting the response to the HIV epidemic in Eastern and Southern Africa through the international human rights framework", by UNDP.

  4. Model Law on HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa

    This is a model Law on HIV in Southern Africa, made by members of SADC Parliamentary Forum. It is a guide to legislative efforts on HIV-related issues in Southern Africa. It aims to provide a legal framework for the review and reform of national legislation related to HIV in conformity with international human rights law standards; and to promote the implementation of effective prevention, treatment, care and research strategies and programmes on HIV and AIDS.

  5. HIV/AIDS, security and conflict: new realities, new responses

    Demonstrating the impact HIV has on security, the ASCI report outlines how security crises and security institutions can influence HIV incidence. Importantly, the study indicates that with good policy and appropriate programmes, challenges can be overcome. It recommends 10 ways in which efforts towards peacekeeping, peacebuilding and humanitarian response can integrate HIV issues.

  6. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  7. Plano integrado de enfrentamento da feminizaçâo da epidemia de Aids e outras DST

    Presentación del Plan de Enfrentamiento de la Feminización del VIH/SIDA y otras ITS en Brasil. Es un plan intersectorial que busca una respuesta integrada para la reducción de los contextos de vulnerabilidad que dejan a las mujeres más susceptibles a ser infectadas, además de fomentar los derechos de las mujeres, la prevención y la promoción de la salud. Acciones concretas a realizar para prevención y asistencia, considerando cada grupo específico (lesbianas, grupos étnicos y raciales, adolescentes, embarazadas, etc.). Objetivos, acciones, directrices, metas y actividadesádel plan.

  8. HIV and emergencies: one size does not fit all

    The dynamics and impact of HIV in humanitarian crises are complex. They depend on the kind of crisis: is it the result of conflict, a rapid-onset natural disaster (such as a flood or cyclone), or a slow-onset emergency caused by drought or environmental degradation? It also depends on the HIV prevalence rate before the crisis, the political situation, the scale and duration of the crisis, the existing infrastructure and services and the level of awareness of HIV. Case studies from five countries facing very different emergencies and HIV prevalence rates were backed by a literature review. …

  9. Enquête sur les indicateurs du Sida. Côte d'Ivoire 2005

    L'Enquête sur les indicateurs du Sida en Côte d'Ivoire (EIS-CI) réalisée en 2005 est une enquête par sondage, représentative au niveau national, au niveau des dix anciennes régions administratives du pays et de la ville d'Abidjan. Commanditée par le Ministère de la Lutte contre le Sida, elle a été conduite par l'Institut National de la Statistique en collaboration avec le projet RETRO-CI pour la sérologie. …

  10. National gender policy plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010

    Papua New Guinea's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP) recognised that gender is a key factor shaping both the epidemic and the national response to it. To ensure that the gender dimensions of the epidemic receive sufficient attention, the National AIDS Council (NAC) commissioned this National Gender Policy and Plan on HIV and AIDS (NGP). It is based on extensive consultations and research carried out between 2004 and 2006, including a gender audit of the NSP and a gender impact evaluation of the activities of the National HIV/AIDS Support Project (NHASP). …

  11. Development and disasters in a time of HIV and AIDS: an HIV mainstreaming toolkit for development and humanitarian response workers

    This toolkit provides a practical guide to the work of HIV mainstreaming. It has four parts: Part 1 sets out CAFOD's understanding of and commitment to HIV mainstreaming and locates this within its wider response to HIV. Part 2 offers tools and processes for applying HIV mainstreaming to development and humanitarian response programmes. It identifies implications for programme design and implementation (external or programme mainstreaming), and can also indicate some issues arising from this for the internal (organisational) policies and practices of the partner programme. …

  12. Securing our future. Report of the commission on HIV/AIDS and governance in Africa

    The Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa (CHGA) was launched by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to address the urgent and unique challenges posed by the multiple ways in which the HIV/ AIDS epidemic impacts upon development and governance on the continent of Africa. This report presents the findings, recommendations and action plan proposed by the Commission. It delivers eight key messages and recommandations: 1. There are multiple AIDS epidemics in Africa, 2. The epidemics in Africa reflect a strong gender disparity, 3. …

  13. Conveying concerns: media coverage of women and HIV/AIDS

    The article examines the epidemic's impact on women and girls from the perspective of women journalists. The first section looks at women's special vulnerability to HIV and is followed by sections on the transmission of virus from mother to child, young people, migrants and people living with HIV and AIDS.

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