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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Live life positively: know your HIV status

    On World AIDS Day 2018, HIV testing is being brought into the spotlight. And for good reason. Around the world, 37 million people are living with HIV, the highest number ever, yet a quarter do not know that they have the virus.

  2. Guide relatif au cadre juridique sur la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA et la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec le VIH (PVVIH)

    Dans l'objectif de poursuivre la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA dont les effets bénéfiques ont été déjà constatés dans tout le pays, le présent Guide a été élaboré sur l'initiative du Secrétariat Exécutif du Comité National de Lutte contre le Sida pour permettre à chaque citoyen de connaître ses droits concernant la prévention, le dépistage, les soins concernant le VIH et le SIDA ainsi que la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec le VIH et le SIDA.

  3. Cadre juridique sur la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA et la protection des personnes vivant avec le VIH et le SIDA à Madagascar

    La présente loi a pour objet : de lutter contre la propagation de l’affection causée par le Virus de l’Immunodéficience Humaine (VIH) entraînant la diminution et la perte de défenses immunitaires de l’organisme, se traduisant par le Syndrome d’Immuno-Déficience Acquise (SIDA) ; de protéger les personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA contre toutes formes de discrimination ou de stigmatisation ; de réaffirmer leurs droits et libertés fondamentaux conformément aux instruments internationaux relatifs aux droits de l’homme. Elle indique également les mesures de protection des droits du ou des partenaire …

  4. Policy analysis and advocacy decision model for services for key populations in Kenya

    From 2010–2012, the global Health Policy Project (funded by the United States Agency for International Development), in partnership with African Men for Sexual Health and Rights (AMSHeR), developed Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for HIV-Related Services: Males Who Have Sex with Males, Transgender People, and Sex Workers (Beardsley K., 2013), hereafter referred to as the Decision Model. …

  5. HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

    Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence. …

  6. Population size estimation of key populations

    This population size estimation (PSE) was undertaken in order to inform HIV prevention programming for key populations in the fight against HIV in Sierra Leone. This PSE focused on female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and people who inject drugs (PWID) because these groups are typically the first and hardest affected by HIV, and addressing their needs to prevent HIV can prevent or diminish the effect of HIV/AIDS on the general population. …

  7. Gender violence and HIV: Perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal and Western Cape, South Africa

    The AIDS Legal Network (ALN), in collaboration with Her Rights Initiative (HRI), South Africa Positive Women Ambassadors (SAPWA), South Africa Partners, and the Mitchell’s Plain Network Opposing Abuse, engaged in a study to assess perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV. …

  8. Adolescents Living with HIV (ALHIV) Toolkit

    This toolkit, created by USAID, AED, and collaborating organizations, provides resources relevant to the treatment, care, and support of adolescents living with HIV worldwide (ALHIV), namely training; treatment literacy and adherence; counseling and disclosure; life skills; prevention and reproductive health; psychosocial support; human rights and advocacy; peer education; adolescent transitioning and research, policy, and promising practices.

  9. Equipping parents and health providers to address the psychological and social challenges of caring for children living with HIV in Africa

    The Equipping Parents and Health Providers to Address the Psychological and Social Challenges of Caring for Children Living with HIV activity sought to better understand the psychological and social challenges faced by perinatally-infected children aged 0 to 12 years in Africa, their parents/caregivers, and their health providers. It explored factors that contribute to the ability of children living with HIV to cope and thrive, and identified the tools and approaches being used to help parents/caregivers and health providers provide psychosocial support (PSS) to these children. …

  10. Dignity denied: violations of the rights of HIV-positive women in Chilean health facilities

    Dignity Denied documents the systemic discrimination and abuse that HIV-positive women endure in Chilean health facilities. Based on women's testimonies and those of healthcare providers, this report exposes the discriminatory and often dehumanizing experiences that Chilean women living with HIV/AIDS face when seeking healthcare, including failures to protect patient confidentiality, lack of adequate pre- and post-test counseling, delayed or abusive treatment, pressure to not bear children, and coercive and forced sterilization.

  11. VCT uptake and associated factors among teachers from Harari Administrative Region

    Background: Although HIV/AIDS is affecting most productive segments of the population, the basic education sector which is vital to the creation of human capital is also equally affected. The loss of skilled and experienced teachers due to the problem is increasingly compromising the provision of quality education in most African countries and thus, needs appropriate intervention measures that reverse the current trend. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and determining factors of VCT uptake among teachers of Harari Administrative Region. …

  12. Diretrizes para o fortalecimento das ações de adesao ao tratamento para pessoas que vivem com HIV e aids

    O Ministério da Saúde, por meio do Programa Nacional de DST e Aids, apresenta às organizações governamentais e da sociedade civil, que desenvolvem ações em HIV e Aids, as Diretrizes Nacionais para Fortalecer as Ações de Adesão para as pessoas que vivem com HIV ou aids (PVHA). Essas diretrizes têm a intenção de afirmar a importância da adesão ao tratamento, compreendida na sua maior amplitude conceitual, e recomendar ações que proporcionem melhoria na qualidade de vida de quem vive com HIV ou aids. …

  13. Qualiaids : avaliação e monitoramento da qualidade da assistência ambulatorial em aids no SUS

    Desde o inicio da epidemia de aids, o Brasil expandiu expressivamente o número de serviços de atenção às pessoas que vivem com HIV/aids (PVHA). Hoje, em todo o país, mais de 600 serviços do SUS prestam assistência ambulatorial às PVHA. Esses serviços possuem diferentes configurações institucionais: são ambulatórios gerais ou de especialidades, ambulatórios de hospitais, unidades básicas de saúde, postos de saúde, policlínicas e serviços de assistência especializados em DST/HIV/aids (SAE). …

  14. Manual de adesão ao tratamento para pessoas vivendo com HIV e aids

    Com tiragem inicial de 10 mil exemplares, o Manual de Adesão ao Tratamento para pessoas vivendo com HIV e Aids material será distribuído para as os serviços e ONG que prestam assistência a pessoas vivendo com HIV/aids. A proposta é que esta publicação seja usada por profissionais que trabalham com este tema, com o objetivo de que as atividades em adesão extrapolem a compreensão focada apenas nos medicamentos e ampliem suas ações - de forma compartilhada com os usuários - para fora dos espaços tradicionalmente utilizados. …

  15. Undiagnosed HIV Infections among Adolescents Seeking Primary Health Care in Zimbabwe

    Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was extremely common in southern Africa during the 1990s, and a substantial minority of infected infants have survived to reach adolescence undiagnosed. Studies have shown a high prevalence of HIV infection in hospitalized adolescents who have features associated with long-standing HIV infection, including stunting and frequent minor illnesses. Given this reality, the epidemiology of HIV infection at the primary care level is investigated. …

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