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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Toolkit for positive change: providing family-focused results-driven and cost-effective programming for orphans and vulnerable children

    The Positive Change: Children, Communities and Care (PC3) Program is a five-year (2004-2009) integrated and comprehensive program designed to provide care and support to more than half a million orphaned and vulnerable children and their families throughout the country of Ethiopia. The Program emphasizes community-based, results-oriented, and family-focused efforts which reduce the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on children, families and communities and increases capacity of local organizations and communities to positively respond to the needs of OVC. …

  2. Factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphaned and vulnerable children and young people: case studies from high HIV and AIDS prevalence contexts in Lesotho

    The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing access and retention in secondary schooling for orphans and other vulnerable children living in high HIV prevalence areas of Lesotho. A case study approach was used to address this aim. The findings from this study have been used to inform an intervention that seeks to increase access to learning and thereby reduce drop-out and repetition rates in secondary schools. This study and the intervention are part of a larger programme of research known as the SOFIE Project (see http://sofie.ioe.ac.uk). …

  3. USAID Project Profiles: Children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This document describes projects that aim at combine HIV/AIDS prevention with care and support for affected children and their families. This report, which updates the first and second editions (published October 2001 and July 2002 respectively), presents projects profiles for 83 country specific and 16 regional or global projects currently funded by USAID. …

  4. Building blocks in practice. Participatory tools to improve the development of care and support for orphans and vulnerable children

    Esta publicação foi concebida pela International HIV/AIDS Alliance para ajudar as comunidades a avaliar as situações e as necessidades das suas crianças e os recursos disponíveis, e identificar as acções que podem tomar, usando o processo de "acção para aprendizagem participativa". E destinado a organizações de formação e treinadores individuais assim como a programas de apoio às ONGs e ONGs internacionais. As ferramentas foram desenvolvidas e testadas durante uma reunião no Quénia, onde a KANCO foi anfitria, com ONGs/OBCs de Moçambique, Burkina Faso e Quénia e a equipa da Aliança. …

  5. Civil society organisations working with orphans and other vulnerable children: capacity assessment tool for quality OVC responses

    This tool can be used to analyze the capacity of national Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) that implement Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children (OVC) activities. Specifically, the tool can beáused to identify capacity building needs, plan technical support interventions, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building support. The tool was developed to enable the use of participatory processes to assess capacity gaps/needs of national OVC CSOs in a number of areas. The tool also enables the development of capacity building action-plans to address the identified gaps/needs. …

  6. Supporting orphans and other vulnerable children through communication and basic counselling: a reference guide for service providers

    There have been many counselling interventions since the onset of HIV/AIDS in Uganda but most have focused on adults. The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD) with CORE Initiative and CORE Initiative partners identified that the specific needs for counselling of orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC), defined under different categories within the National Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children's Policy (NOP), still need to be addressed. …

  7. Human resources development planning guide. Orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) service delivery in Uganda

    The National Orphans and other Vulnerable Children Policy and National Strategic Programme Plan of Interventions for orphans and other vulnerable children (NSPPI) outlines the role of the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development and the Community Based Service Departments (CBSDs) in the Local Government to lead, manage and coordinate the national response to OVC. Development of human capacity through a systematically planned human resources development process is one sure way of achieving this. …

  8. Analyzing the cost-effectiveness of interventions to benefit orphans and vulnerable children: evidence from Kenya and Tanzania

    In an attempt to improve the lives of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief provides funding to programs that supply wide-ranging services to OVC and their families. …

  9. The difference interventions for guardians can make: evaluation of the Kilifi orphans and vulnerable children project in Kenya

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an estimated 12 million children 17 years of age and younger have lost one or both parents to AIDS, and many more live with a chronically ill parent or guardian. Children affected by HIV and AIDS often face intensified poverty; inadequate food, shelter, and medical care; stigma and discrimination; mental distress; and other challenges. Despite recognition of the magnitude and negative consequences of these problems, there is a dearth of evidence as to what types of programs best improve the well-being of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  10. Evaluating the impact of community-based interventions on schooling outcomes among orphans and vulnerable children in Lusaka, Zambia

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an estimated 12 million children under the age of 18 have lost a parent to AIDS. Despite this situation, the evidence regarding effectiveness of interventions targeting these children remains scant. This paper contributes to the literature by evaluating the impact of a community-based program implemented by a Zambian nongovernmental agency (NGO) on educational outcomes among orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Lusaka, Zambia. These outcomes included school enrollment and being at the correct age-for-grade. …

  11. Situational analysis of orphaned and vulnerable children in eight Zimbabwean districts

    In response to the AIDS epidemic and poverty, the Zimbabwean government and other organisations are implementing various programmes aimed at assisting orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the eight districts surveyed. It is clearly important to have an audit of the social services and support structures available for OVC in the eight districts and to have a clear understanding of the situation of OVC including their needs and concerns in order to have proper prioritisation, designing and evaluation of programmes that are aimed at supporting the affected children.

  12. Training youth caregivers to provide HIV education and support to orphans and vulnerable children in South Africa

    A study conducted in KwaZulu Natal suggests that utilizing trained youth caregivers is a feasible approach for reaching orphans and vulnerable children with HIV prevention education and support. Participants were enthusiastic about the program and demonstrated some improvements in HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and communication.

  13. Getting in line: coordinating responses of donors, civil society and government for children affected by HIV and AIDS

    In 2007, a nine-country study in East and Southern Africa was commissioned to map involvement and define roles and responsibilities of civil society in expanded national AIDS responses to orphans and children made vulnerable by AIDS. Getting in Line analyses these country studies and provides recommendations to increase engagement between civil society, external agencies and government and assist their alignment with the vision, principles and strategies contained in national plans of action.

  14. Increasing learning opportunities for orphans and vulnerable children in Africa

    This brief outlines the situation of orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa and proposes measures to increase their access to education.

  15. A Case Study: integrated AIDS program Thika, Kenya

    The global HIV and AIDS epidemic has affected sub-Saharan Africa more than any other region in the world. AIDS deaths in sub-Saharan Africa account for 72% of AIDS deaths worldwide. …

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