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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Improving lives by accelerating progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals for adolescents living with HIV: a prospective cohort study

    Background: Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) face major challenges in achieving the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for vulnerable adolescents. We aimed to test the UN Development Programme's proposed approach of development accelerators—provisions that lead to progress across multiple SDGs—and synergies between accelerators on achieving SDG-aligned targets in a highly vulnerable group of adolescents in South Africa. …

  2. Orphans and vulnerable children: national plan of action 2006-2010

    This five-year costed National Plan of Action addresses the survival, protection, care and support needs of the most vulnerable children in Nigeria. It was developed through consultative and participatory approaches among all stakeholders, including adults and children. The voices of children were heard, and their contributions were taken into account. The Plan adopts a rights-based approach in the development of the framework that will accelerate and provide guidance for the national response on orphans and vulnerable children.

  3. All In: #EndAdolescentAIDS

    All In! to #EndAdolescentAIDS is a platform for action and collaboration to inspire a social movement to drive better results with and for adolescents through critical changes in programmes and policy. It aims to unite actors across relevant sectors in order to accelerate reductions in AIDS-related deaths and new HIV infections among adolescents by 2020 as part of the global push to end the AIDS epidemic for all by 2030. …

  4. The impact and cost of the HIV/AIDS investment framework for adolescents

    Background: In 2005, the resources needed to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated at US$1.1–4.1 billion. Approaches to support vulnerable children have changed considerably since then. This study updates previous estimates by including new types of support and information on support costs. Methods: We considered 16 types of support categorized as economic strengthening, education support, social care and community outreach, and program support. …

  5. The Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer Program Reduces the Risk of Sexual Debut among Young People Age 15-25

    The aim of this study is to assess whether the Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (Kenya CT-OVC) can reduce the risk of HIV among young people by postponing sexual debut. The program provides an unconditional transfer of US$20 per month directly to the main caregiver in the household. An evaluation of the program was implemented in 2007–2009 in seven districts. Fourteen Locations were randomly assigned to receive the program and fourteen were assigned to a control arm. A sample of households was enrolled in the evaluation in 2007. …

  6. Towards an AIDS-free generation. Children and AIDS sixth stocktaking report, 2013

    Focusing on the first and second decades of life, the Children and AIDS: Sixth Stocktaking Report, 2013: reviews the HIV burden among children and adolescents and the progress being made; identifies key strategies to accelerate access to HIV prevention, treatment, protection, care and support for children and adolescents; summarizes opportunities arising from recent scientific advances, new technology and emerging practice innovations; seeks to mobilize national and international efforts to keep children HIV-free and ensure that children living with HIV remain AIDS-free.

  7. SADC Minimum Standards for child and adolescent HIV, TB and malaria continuum of care and support (2013-2017)

    The Minimum Standards serve as a framework to guide the regional harmonisation of approaches for a continuum of care and support in HIV, TB and malaria for children and adolescents in the SADC region. This is necessary to improve the effectiveness of national and community efforts to accelerate child survival and achieve comprehensive developmental outcomes for children and adolescents. …

  8. Saving lives for a lifetime: Supporting orphans and vulnerable children impacted by HIV/AIDS

    President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR's) response to the millions of children impacted by HIV/AIDS was to designate 10% of its budget to securing their futures, making it the leading supporter of programs reaching orphan and vulnerable children (OVC) programs globally. This article describes the evolution of PEPFAR's OVC response based on programmatic lessons learned and an evergrowing understanding of the impacts of HIV/AIDS. …

  9. Plan d'action national en faveur des orphelins et enfants vulnérable vivant en RDC (PAN-OEV) 2010-2014

    L'objectif général du PAN est d'améliorer la qualité de la réponse apportée aux besoins d'au moins 15% des OEV d'ici 2014. …

  10. Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children

    In Kenya, as in other countries of sub-Saharan Africa heavily burdened by HIV/ AIDS, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) face poverty and despair. There is an urgent need to provide a comprehensive response that supports families and communities in their efforts to care for children and safeguard their rights. The government of Kenya has established a cash transfer program that delivers financial and social support directly to the poorest households containing OVC, with special concern for those children with or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  11. Children and AIDS: fifth stocktaking report, 2010

    Advocacy and investment on behalf of children affected by AIDS have had an impact, and the goal of eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV appears within reach. But for every problem solved or advance made, new challenges and constraints have arisen. This Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report examines current data, trends and the progress that's been made - pointing out disparities in access, coverage and outcomes - and calls for concrete actions to benefit the millions of children, women and families worldwide who bear the burden of the epidemic.

  12. Guidance document: Developing and operationalizing a national monitoring and evaluation system for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    While a number of countries have developed a national response plan for OVC, and the OVC M&E Guide (Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of the National Response for Children Orphaned and Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS) provides specific indicators to monitor and evaluate the national response, national OVC monitoring systems remain weak in most countries. …

  13. La infancia y el SIDA: Un inventario de la situación

    Este informe es un inventario de las medidas y cambios más importantes en favor de los niños y niñas afectados por el VIH/SIDA durante el primer año de Únete por la niñez, Únete con la juventud, Únete para vencer al SIDA. Entre otras cuestiones, el informe indica que, en 2006, el tema de la infancia y el SIDA se integró más claramente en los marcos nacionales de política - entre ellos, los planes nacionales de acción y los documentos de estrategia para reducción de la pobreza - de por lo menos 20 países de África subsahariana. …

  14. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems for Families and Children Impacted by HIV/AIDS: Four Program Case Studies from Kenya and Rwanda

    This document describes four family and community-centered approaches to caring for and treating HIV-affected children and households, three in Rwanda and one in Kenya. The four projects described all share a common commitment to delivery of care in the community rather than limiting provision of care to health facilities. …

  15. Namibia national plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children 2006-2010

    This Plan of Action supplements the National Policy by identifying concrete activities in support of these goals. It was developed through a collaborative process involving various stakeholders under the leadership of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. It also takes into account the views of Namibian children, especially orphans and vulnerable children. …

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