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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Plan d'action triennal opérationnel de lutte contre la féminisation de l'épidémie du sida et les violences basées sur le genre en RDC (2010-2012)

    La situation générale de l'épidémie du VIH/sida en RDC se caractérise par sa tendance à la féminisation, à la juvénilisation et à la ruralisation. Parmi les déterminants qui favorisent sa propagation figurent l'ignorance des précautions à prendre pour éviter de contracter le virus, l'accès limité aux services de prévention, les conditions de vie difficile, la promiscuité, la précocité des rapports sexuels, le multi partenariat sexuel et la mobilité des populations. …

  2. Profiles in equity: Better practices for women, children and AIDS

    Significant challenges remain in narrowing the gap between beneficiaries and those still missing from the AIDS response. …

  3. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  4. Positively caring: ensuring that positive choices can be made about the care of children affected by HIV

    This report examines the impacts of HIV on the care choices of children, exploring how HIV affects whether or not children can remain within parental care, and on the alternative care options open to them. It is based on qualitative research in Malawi, India and Ukraine, and on a global literature review. It is in response to alarming global evidence on the rising numbers of children outside of parental care, and growing global recognition that responses to HIV should centre on increased support to families as the best means of providing care and protection for children.

  5. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  6. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  7. Consensus statement. Asking the right questions: advancing an HIV research agenda for women and children

    Substantial progress has been made in expanding access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adults and children living with HIV and preventing vertical transmission. However, the scale-up of ART programmes has also drawn attention to a number of knowledge gaps related to clinical management and ART programme delivery for women and children. …

  8. Children and AIDS: Fourth Stocktaking Report, 2009

    In 2005, the epidemic's consequences prompted UNICEF, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and other partners to launch Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS, a global campaign to focus attention and resources on mitigating the worst effects of HIV and AIDS on children and young people. Four years into this effort, many lives have been saved or improved because national governments, non-governmental organizations, local communities and international organizations have been examining the evidence and responding. …

  9. Impact of HIV/AIDS on gender, orphans and vulnerable children. Discussion outcomes of CHGA Interactive Cameroon

    The meeting, which lasted one day and a half, was divided into three main sessions. In the first session, participants offered their views and experiences on available response strategies to the challenge of orphans and vulnerable children after listening to three presentations on the topic. In the second session, participants discussed the dynamics of HIV/AIDS and gender after hearing to three inputs by experts in the field. …

  10. La Prevención de la Trasmisión Materno-Infantil en Brasil

    Presentación sobre la transmisión vertical del VIH y los casos de SIDA, 2000

  11. The case for investing in young people : as part of a national poverty reduction strategy

    This publication focuses on national efforts to reduce poverty and presents seven arguments for why national public policy makers should give more attention to young people, if these efforts are to be successful. This paper offers a conceptual framework to work out what arguments and supporting evidence in relation to young people are likely to be most appropriate to apply in the context of developing or refining a national poverty reduction strategy. This document is available online at http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/424_filename_Investing.pdf#

  12. Hearing Their Voices: A qualitative research study on HIV testing and higher risk teens in the United States of America

    This report presents the perceptions, attitudes and experiences of higher risk teenagers toward HIV testing in intimate and often poignant detail. As teens describe their fears and painful transgressions relating to sexual experiences with others, we are provided with considerable insight into the lives of inner-city youth and the challenges they face as they move from childhood to adulthood.This research discovered troubling attitudes among teenagers towards condom use. …

  13. AIDS 5 years since ICPD: emerging issues and challenges for women, young people and infants

    Since the International Conference on Population and Development (), the HIV/AIDS epidemic has worsened dramatically. Looking at what has transpired since the ICPD conference, this report discusses the particular vulnerability of women, children and young people to HIV and describes strategies that have been developed to meet their needs. It looks at work in-progress and future challenges. From lessons learned, it identifies successful approaches to HIV prevention.

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