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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Trends of sexual and reproductive health behaviors among youth in the Philippines: further analysis of the 2008, 2013, and 2017 national demographic and health surveys

    This report examines the trends of sexual and reproductive health behavior over a 9-year period (2008-2017) in the Philippines. The analysis utilizes data from three nationally representative household surveys conducted by The Demographic and Health Surveys Program in 2008, 2013, and 2017. …

  2. Coming of age in the classroom: religious and cultural barriers to comprehensive sexuality education

    This paper elucidates evidence which underscores anxieties and panic about sexuality and sexual behaviour of young people influenced by movements advancing a distinct religious identity, and the implications for advocacy on advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). Synthesised in this document is evidence from two countries - Bangladesh and India - on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), an area of controversy (to varying degree) in both countries. Evidence from each country stem from national studies on the influence of religion on CSE, and are qualitative in nature. …

  3. A situation assessment of women and children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka 2015

    The general objective of this study was to assess accessibility and availability of education and health care services to Women and Children infected and affected with HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka. The specific objectives were: 1. To describe the socio-demographic and socio-economic information of women and children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. 2. To assess the accessibility to education and to health care services including reproductive health and HIV care services among HIV infected and affected women. 3. …

  4. A review of interventions addressing structural drivers of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health vulnerability in sub-Saharan Africa: implications for sexual health programming

    Background: Young people particularly women are at increased risk of undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Structural factors have been reported as driving some of these risks. Although several interventions have targeted some of the structural drivers for adolescent’s SRH risk, little has been done to consolidate such work. This would provide a platform for coordinated efforts towards adolescent’s SRH. …

  5. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  6. Positively caring: ensuring that positive choices can be made about the care of children affected by HIV

    This report examines the impacts of HIV on the care choices of children, exploring how HIV affects whether or not children can remain within parental care, and on the alternative care options open to them. It is based on qualitative research in Malawi, India and Ukraine, and on a global literature review. It is in response to alarming global evidence on the rising numbers of children outside of parental care, and growing global recognition that responses to HIV should centre on increased support to families as the best means of providing care and protection for children.

  7. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  8. Género y VIH/SIDA: elementos de vulnerabilidad en mujeres jóvenes de barrios pobres de las ciudades de Lima y Trujillo

    Un documento elaborado por Jéssica Girón, pretende mostrar cómo los roles de género, las relaciones de poder, y el comportamiento sexual son son elementos que colocan a las mujeres pobres de dos ciudades del Perú en una particular situación de vulnerabilidad frente al VIH. Asimismo, se intenta mostrar cómo esta forma de inequidad de género es el resultado de un conjunto complejo de factores culturales y económicos. …

  9. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  10. La Prevención de la Trasmisión Materno-Infantil en Brasil

    Presentación sobre la transmisión vertical del VIH y los casos de SIDA, 2000

  11. Hearing Their Voices: A qualitative research study on HIV testing and higher risk teens in the United States of America

    This report presents the perceptions, attitudes and experiences of higher risk teenagers toward HIV testing in intimate and often poignant detail. As teens describe their fears and painful transgressions relating to sexual experiences with others, we are provided with considerable insight into the lives of inner-city youth and the challenges they face as they move from childhood to adulthood.This research discovered troubling attitudes among teenagers towards condom use. …

  12. AIDS 5 years since ICPD: emerging issues and challenges for women, young people and infants

    Since the International Conference on Population and Development (), the HIV/AIDS epidemic has worsened dramatically. Looking at what has transpired since the ICPD conference, this report discusses the particular vulnerability of women, children and young people to HIV and describes strategies that have been developed to meet their needs. It looks at work in-progress and future challenges. From lessons learned, it identifies successful approaches to HIV prevention.

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