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La feminización de la epidemia está ocurriendo gradualmente a nivel nacional y en algunas regiones esta realidad es evidente desde hace varios años. Se observa a nivel nacional un progresivo cambio del patrón predominante de transmisión homosexual hacia el predominio de la transmisión por coito heterosexual, particularmente evidente en la región nor-oriental (Santander y Norte de Santander) y en los departamentos de la región Caribe, donde el número de nuevas infecciones en mujeres jóvenes ha aumentado a mayor velocidad que en hombres de la misma edad desde comienzos de los noventa.
Resultados de un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado con el propósito deidentificar los factores protectores y de riesgo para VIH/SIDA en mujeres de clase socioeconómica alta de Cali, Colombia, por reconocer la situación de vulnerabilidad en una población que por sus condiciones socioeconómicas y culturales ha sido apartada y señalada como una población poco vulnerable a este tipo de situaciones de salud.
Published by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI), this article focuses on socio-economic factors influencing reproductive health needs and service use among young women in 12 developing countries. Findings showed that, in most countries, young women from the poorest households were more likely than those from the richest to be married and have at least one child by the age of 18, and to lack financial independence. …
This study examines the impact of a comprehensive sex education program carried out in a Shanghai suburb with unmarried 15-24 year-olds over a period of 20 months. Though participation in the intervention was not associated with delayed sexual initiation, it was associated with increased odds of contraceptive use and condom use, and with decreased odds of sexual coercion during the intervention period. Additionally, the proportion of youth reporting pregnancy involvement during the intervention period was significantly lower in the intervention group than among controls.
The paper presents a result of the study undertaken among both married and unmarried rural Maharashtra (India) adolescents who had undergone in the same geographic area. The study aimed to explore their access to services, decision-making on determinants of provider choice and extent of morbidity experienced.
This issue of Quality/Calidad/Qualite published by the Population Council documents the Mongolian universal sexuality education programme supported by UNFPA. This Adolescent Reproductive Health Project known as "PO Zorga" was implemented by the Margaret Sanger Centre International since June 1998. The objectives of the project were to improve reproductive and sexual health, help adolescents make right decisions on this matter, and develop reproductive health education that will meet adolescents' demands and requirements. …
This issue of Population Bulletin reviews the evolution of national population policies, particularly following the historic 1994 Cairo conference. It describes the new focus on improving reproductive health and women's rights and how governments have tried to incorporate this new approach in their policies and programs. The Bulletin also looks at possible new directions for population policies.
Six years after the Indian government affirmed its commitment to the principles of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, there is still a limited understanding of the concept of reproductive and sexual health among policymakers, programme managers and the public in India. Despite some progressive changes, there is a continuing focus on stabilising population growth rates and lack of unity of goals among women's rights advocates, service providers and policymakers. …
In sum, the findings reported here contradict the notion that Muslim religious leaders are more resistant to family planning than is the broader community in which they live. As Islamic texts are widely interpreted to support family planning, it has been traditional ways of life--rather than religious tenets--around which barriers to contraceptive use have been constructed. In particular, the notion that family planning contradicts the Islamic way of life has been widespread. This belief and other barriers, however, have been considerably reduced. …
This issue concentrates on the questions of "What are emergency contraceptive pills and how do they work?", "What are the advantages of ECPs for youth?", "What are the drawbacks of ECPs?", "What have been the experiences of programmes offering ECPs for youth?", "What are the barriers to the use of ECPs by young adults?", "Are there ECP programmes underway in developing countries?", and "What is the take-home message?"
This article discusses studies conducted on women and AIDS. It suggest that women are more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection than men are and points out all the contributing factors. This includes educational; biological; economic, cultural and legal.
This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.
This is a cross-sectional study to determine modern contraceptive use among women aged between 15 and 19 years. This study was carried out between September and October of 1991 in five East, Central and Southern African countries, both in urban and rural areas.