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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Mainstreaming youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in the public sector in Mozambique and Tanzania

    Young people have the right to live healthy sexual and reproductive lives. Yet, adolescents and youth (those between the ages of 10 and 24) often face social, cultural, economic, and structural barriers to accessing sexual and reproductive health information and services at a time when they need these services the most, making them vulnerable to poor health outcomes. Emerging global guidance suggests that, to reach youth in a sustainable and scalable way, youth-friendly services must be mainstreamed in the community and health systems. …

  2. The demographic dividend in Africa relies on investments in the reproductive health and rights of adolescents and youth: policy brief

    A demographic dividend can occur during a window of opportunity created by reductions in child mortality and a demographic shift to fewer dependent people relative to working-age individuals. The full realization of the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of adolescents and youth (ages 10 to 24) can facilitate gains in their health, well-being, and educational attainment. …

  3. Adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health-evidence-based interventions in Kenya

    In 2011, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) in collaboration with FHI 360 undertook a review of adolescent and youth reproductive health programs in the country that included a desk review, mapping of youth serving organizations (YSOs), and interviews with stakeholders from the YSOs and development partners. …

  4. Empowering young people to strengthen sexuality education in Ethiopia

    This case study explores how the Talent Youth Association, supported by Link Up, promotes the integration of comprehensive sexuality education in school curricula in Ethiopia in order to enable young people to understand and claim their sexual and reproductive health and rights.

  5. A voucher for health: enabling young people in Uganda to access quality sexual and reproductive health services

    Young people in Uganda have significant unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. This is particularly the case for young people from key populations. The prevalence of HIV among sex workers of all ages is between 35% and 37%, five times higher than the general population. Sex workers also face other serious sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues, including high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The situation for young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people is also difficult. …

  6. Empowering each other: young people who sell sex in Ethiopia

    Sex workers are amongst those most affected by HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues in Ethiopia. Stigma and discrimination towards sex workers affects their ability to access SRHR information, education and services. In 2014, the Link Up project in Ethiopia implemented a model of peer education and outreach to empower young people who sell sex (aged 15 – 24 years) and increase their access to HIV and SRHR services. The Link Up project seeks to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people most affected by HIV. …

  7. A review of teenage pregnancy in South Africa – experiences of schooling, and knowledge and access to sexual and reproductive health services

    Approximately 30% of teenagers in South Africa report ‘ever having been pregnant’, the majority, unplanned. While this number has decreased over the past few decades, it is still unacceptably high. The figure is for all teenagers. (13-19 years old), but motherhood for an 18 or 19 year old has very different implications than for a young teenager, one aged 15, for example. Therefore this report tries, where possible, to be mindful of differing experiences of pregnancy and motherhood across the teen years. …

  8. A process evaluation of the scale up of a youth-friendly health services initiative in northern Tanzania

    The authors conducted a process evaluation of the 10-fold scale-up of an evaluated youth-friendly services intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania, in order to identify key facilitating and inhibitory factors from both user and provider perspectives. The intervention was scaled up in two training rounds lasting 6 and 10 months. …

  9. HIV/AIDS education: what African youth say is effective

    This study on HIV/AIDS-education programs was conducted with the Uganda Ministry of Education and Sports in a national sample of 76 secondary schools in Uganda. Participants included secondary students (N = 883) who critiqued their formal and informal school curricula and offered youth perspectives regarding what teaching mediums and programs of HIV/AIDS prevention are most effective. Results indicated that HIV/AIDS education is not taught in their respective school curricula. …

  10. HIV prevention with especially vulnerable young people: case studies of success and innovation

    In 2004, the World Health Organisation's Department of HIV/AIDS and the UK Department for International Development (DfID) supported the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme to develop a joint publication entitled HIV/AIDS prevention and care for especially vulnerable young people: a framework for action. This offers a straightforward guide to priority setting, outlining five core principles underpinning effective HIV/AIDS prevention programming with young people. …

  11. HIV and Sexual Behaviour among Young South Africans: A national survey of 15-24 year olds

    South Africa is in the grips of a devastating HIV/AIDS epidemic in which the peak incidence occurs among 15-24 year olds. loveLife is the largest youth focused intervention aimed at HIV prevention in South Africa. It is a national initiative of unprecedented scale combining a sustained multi-media awareness and education campaign with comprehensive youth-friendly sexual health services in public clinics nationwide, and countrywide outreach and support programmes. …

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