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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. E-discussion - Young people and HIV

    E-discussion questions included: 1.What do you see as the challenges for young people in accessing services such as HIV testing and how can we overcome this? 2.Given that CAFOD’s HIV prevention approach is to give ‘full and accurate information on all forms on the effectiveness and limitations of all means of reducing the risks of HIV infection’ – what challenges does this lead to when working with young people? What HIV prevention work have you or partners done with young people? 3.Where is the best place for young people to access information on HIV and AIDS? …

  2. Trends in HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour among young people aged 15-24 years in countries most affected by HIV

    Objectives: In 2001 the United Nations (UN) Declaration of Commitment was signed by 189 countries with a goal to reduce HIV prevalence among young people by 25% by 2010. Progress towards this target is assessed. In addition, changes in reported sexual behaviour among young people aged 15e24 years are investigated. Methods: Thirty countries most affected by HIV were invited to participate in the study. Trends in HIV prevalence among young antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees were analysed using data from sites that were consistently included in surveillance between 2000 and 2008. …

  3. Do peer educators make a difference? An evaluation of a youth-led HIV prevention model in Zambian schools

    Restless Development's youth-led model places trained Volunteer Peer Educators (VPEs), aged 18-25 years, in schools to teach HIV prevention and reproductive health (RH). VPEs also run youth centers, extracurricular and community-based activities. This evaluation assesses program effects on students' HIV/RH knowledge, attitudes and behaviors using a non-randomized quasi-experimental design among 2133 eighth and ninth grade students in 13 intervention versus 13 matched comparison schools and program costs. …

  4. An assessment of cost, quality and outcomes for five HIV prevention youth peer education programs in Zambia

    Research on the effectiveness of youth peer education programs (YPE) programs is scarce, and the wide variation in programs makes it difficult to generalize research findings. Measuring quality and comparing program effectiveness require the use of standardized instruments. In this study, the authors used standardized evidence-based instruments to compare program inputs, quality, outputs and outcomes for five YPE programs in Zambia. …

  5. Early intervention: HIV/AIDS programs for school-aged youth

    This study is an effort to identify low-cost HIV/AIDS awareness programs in in-school as well as community-based settings that target school-age children and particularly adolescent and pre-adolescent youth. The primary objective is to determine the transferability of alternative and community-based programs to a larger scale through programs that use schools as a point of delivery. By sharing information, other programs, either active in HIV/AIDS education or beginning to plan for such programs, can gain from the experiences and information provided. …

  6. Rapid appraisal students partnership worldwide/Zambia

    Students Partnership Worldwide (SPW) Zambia recently began the third year of its School HIV/AIDS Education Program (SHEP) in conjunction with Zambia's Ministry of Education (MOE). SHEP is implemented by volunteer peer educators selected from a pool of applicants who have completed at least a secondary education and who may have completed tertiary level education. Thus, they are closer in age to students than most teachers, although they are not exactly same-age peers. After an intensive training, volunteer peer educators are placed in same-sex pairs at one of the SPW schools. …

  7. HIV prevention for young people in developing countries: report of a technical meeting

    A report of technical meeting co-sponsored by USAID Office of HIV/AIDS, the Institute for Youth Development, and YouthNet/Family Health International held in Washington DC on July 24, 2003. The objectives of the meeting were to share state-of-the-art research and programmatic experiences relating to HIV prevention among young people, and to provide an opportunity for dialogue across groups from different academic disciplines and philosophical perspectives on strategies for HIV prevention among youth.

  8. Choices: a guide for young people.

    Choices is written for young people between the ages of 10 and 24 years; for peer educators and youth leaders; for teachers, health care workers and parents and anyone who is helping young people to grow up as fulfilled and responsible human beings with a sexual and social life. It can be read by young people themselves (where they can try out the activities with their friends and family) or with the supervision of peer educators, teachers and youth leaders to organise learning sessions. …

  9. Youth, sexuality and HIV/AIDS

    This manual was created by young people between 15-30 years of age, who came from thirteen countries across Africa (Botswana, Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia) to participate in the International Youth Camp that was held from 12th-26th August 2001, at Nakuru, District of Rift Valley Province in Kenya. It crystallizes their hopes of contributing to protect, preserve and enlighten a generation of youth facing threat of HIV and AIDS, substance abuse and STIs. …

  10. Recent Developments in the Fight Against HIV/AIDS in the Ministry of Education in Zambia

    The Government of the Republic of Zambia has recently embarked on an ambitious educational reform programme named, "Basic Education Sub-Sector Investment Programme - BESSIP". The programme aims at increasing access to and improving the quality of basic education. For all it's intent and purpose, it is envisaged that Universal Basic Education comprising nine years of schooling can be attained by the year 2015.The global spread of HIV/AIDS may make the attainment of some of the BESSIP goals difficult if not impossible. …

  11. Impact of the HEART Campaign. Findings from the Youth Surveys, 1999 and 2000

    The Helping Each other Act Responsibly Together Campaign, designed specifically for youth and by youth, informs young people about HIV/AIDS, discusses ways to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS and promotes abstinence and condom use. The campaign was designed to provide a social context in which prevailing social norms are discussed, questioned and reassessed.

  12. HIV/AIDS and sex education among the youth in Zambia: towards behavioural change

    This article addresses how sex education in Zambia has changed over the course of time, particularly due to the spread of HIV/AIDS. The article is based on fieldwork conducted by the author in Zambia during six periodsbetween 1992 and 2003, and additional literature on HIV/AIDS education. The research conducted by the author between 1992 and 2001 focused primarily on female initiation rites, while that of 2002-2003 focused on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Zambian youth and how the knowledge is passed on by teachers at primary schools, but also by health workers, peer educators, and parents. …

  13. Teach them while they are young, they will live to remember

    This case study focuses on Zambia's Lusaka and Southern Provinces and the views of teachers and pupils of that region with regards to the teaching of HIV/AIDS in basic education. It is limited to the efforts being made by the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Zambia on fighting the spread of the disease among school children and teachers.

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