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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Impact of the HEART Campaign. Findings from the Youth Surveys, 1999 and 2000

    The Helping Each other Act Responsibly Together Campaign, designed specifically for youth and by youth, informs young people about HIV/AIDS, discusses ways to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS and promotes abstinence and condom use. The campaign was designed to provide a social context in which prevailing social norms are discussed, questioned and reassessed.

  2. How does the impact of an HIV/AIDS information campaign vary with educational attainment? Evidence from rural Uganda

    The responsiveness to information is thought to be one channel through which education affects health outcomes. This paper tests this hypothesis by examining the effectiveness of an information campaign that aims at preventing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Uganda. Previous studies in the epidemiological literature have generally concluded that, in Africa, there was either a positive or no association between HIV infection and schooling levels. …

  3. HIV/AIDS in health, education and participation: an action space for youth involvement in the SADC Region

    In the SADC region, the HIV/AIDS rate is one of the fastest growing. This is especially true in the case of young adults and adolescent children. It is important to begin indoctrinating these children with comprehensive health skills and stronger self esteem to protect themselves. Mitchell presents strategies for both formal and nonformal education to reform education systems to begin preparing youth to assume the physical responsibilities to prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS. Youth needs to be targeted to become the voice to speak to their peers and change the course of this epidemic.

  4. HIV/AIDS across ECOWAS countries: the Prevalence, impact and response

    This paper provides an overview of some of the most pressing concerns countries within ECOWAS and their partners will face over the next five to ten years as the rate of adult HIV/AIDS infection climbs to critical levels. Currently only four out of the 15 ECOWAS countries fall under this designation, but time is short and the spread of HIV/AIDS is quickly reaching higher proportions within the subregion, transferring the full impact of the epidemic from micro to macro level. …

  5. HIV/AIDS and sex education among the youth in Zambia: towards behavioural change

    This article addresses how sex education in Zambia has changed over the course of time, particularly due to the spread of HIV/AIDS. The article is based on fieldwork conducted by the author in Zambia during six periodsbetween 1992 and 2003, and additional literature on HIV/AIDS education. The research conducted by the author between 1992 and 2001 focused primarily on female initiation rites, while that of 2002-2003 focused on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Zambian youth and how the knowledge is passed on by teachers at primary schools, but also by health workers, peer educators, and parents. …

  6. HIV and Sexual Behaviour among Young South Africans: A national survey of 15-24 year olds

    South Africa is in the grips of a devastating HIV/AIDS epidemic in which the peak incidence occurs among 15-24 year olds. loveLife is the largest youth focused intervention aimed at HIV prevention in South Africa. It is a national initiative of unprecedented scale combining a sustained multi-media awareness and education campaign with comprehensive youth-friendly sexual health services in public clinics nationwide, and countrywide outreach and support programmes. …

  7. Gender and the HIV epidemic: adolescent sexuality, gender and the HIV epidemic

    This document highlights factors which increase the risk of HIV infection for young people and concludes with a number of principles for success for future work to prevent HIV infection among young people in developing countries.

  8. Education and HIV/AIDS prevention: evidence from a randomized evaluation in Western Kenya

    We report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: 1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; 2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and 3) reducing the cost of education. Our primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. We also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. …

  9. Does knowledge equal change? HIV/AIDS education and behaviour change

    This paper sets out to demonstrate that clear links exist between HIV/AIDS education, both inside and outside the education system, and levels of awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS and associated risk behaviour. It also examines evidence of consequent behaviour change in relation to such information and linked understanding of the risks posed by HIV/AIDS.

  10. Contributions of non formal education to HIV prevention education in Nigeria: case study and inventory of NGO practices

    This paper is concerned with the need to address the fact that with over 5 per cent of the population of Nigeria infected with HIV, and the adult mortality rate continuing to rise, Nigeria is now at a potentially explosive stage of the epidemic. In particular it is concerned with the role of Non- Formal Education (NFE) in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS. It begins by first outlining the numerous positive steps taken by the following organisations: the Nigerian Government, the education sector, Federal Parastatals, civil society, non-governmental organisations and donor agencies. …

  11. Choose Life

    This paper presents the work of Choose Life, a Zimbabwean NGO that works with young people in schools. Choose Life utilizes the power that HIV positive youth have in preventing further infections in their peers.

  12. Changing the picture: youth, gender and HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns in South Africa

    This document points out the apparent connection between gender-based violence and the high incidence of AIDS. Although it is difficult to obtain completely accurate data, there are many cases of pregnancies, STDs and HIV/AIDS in schools and among young women. There is a danger of prevention programme campaigns targeting youth that presuppose an equality between the sexes.

  13. Assessment of the impact of AIDS on the education sector in Rwanda

    Rwanda faces major challenges in strengthening its education system to meet national development objectives, as well as specific education goals of Universal Primary Education and Education for All. The HIV/AIDS epidemic creates an additional challenge to the system. This study is intended to provide information on current and expected HIV/AIDS impacts on the education sector in Rwanda, to inform planning. …

  14. An analysis of HIV/AIDS policy formulation and implementation structures, mechanisms and processes in the education sector in Kenya

    The specific purposes of this ODI-Merck study were: To compare the Kenyan experience of working within existing government systems to achieve behaviour change in the area of HIV/AIDS with that of other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa; To gather information from key stakeholders in Kenya on the formulation and implementation, structures, mechanisms and processes of the Kenya Education Sector HIV/AIDS Policy; To comment upon the process of formulating and disseminating the policy; To prepare evidence from the successful implementation of PSABH, in response to the findings of a RAPID assessment,  …

  15. HIV/AIDS in Tertiary institutions in Ghana

    This draft report looks at the effects of HIV/AIDS in tertiary institutions in Ghana. The study investigates the manner in which HIV/AIDS has affected personnel, operations and use of resources at selected tertiary institutions in Ghana; how institutions have responded and measures they were taking to control and limit further infection; the developments in teaching, research, publications and advisory services which institutions have initiated because of the infection, and the extent to which institutions propose to respond to the negative impact of HIV/AIDS. …

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