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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia

    The main objective of this situational assessment is to compile and synthesize existing recent information on HIV and young people together with the current AIDS response for young people in Zambia, including programmes, policies, and key partners, and to document gaps and challenges in the response. In this document young people refers to individuals aged 10 to 24 years. It analyzes existing strategic information on HIV and young people and identifies gaps in the evidence and in the current HIV response.

  2. HIV prevention interventions in Trinidad and Tobago: mapping of work conducted in HIV prevention from 2004-2010

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) continues to be a major public health concern in Trinidad and Tobago. In keeping with the UNAIDS global thrust of examining HIV prevention in order to halt HIV transmission and "Scale-Up" the response, Trinidad and Tobago has conducted a review of its HIV prevention efforts for the period 2004-2010 to guide the way forward in HIV prevention.

  3. A review of scientifically evaluated good practices of preventing and reducing bullying at school in the EU Member States

    The stated ‘general objectives’ set by the European Commission for the ‘Review of Scientifically Evaluated Good Practices on Preventing and Reducing Bullying at School in the EU Member States’ outlined that the contractor should: ‘gather statistical data on the situation on bullying at school in the 15 Member States over the last decade (1990 – 2002)’; ‘describe current crime prevention and intervention policies in Member States targeted at reducing or preventing bullying at school. …

  4. An Annotated Guide to Technical Resources for Community Involvement in Youth Reproductive Health and HIV Prevention Programs

    This annotated guide to technical resources is part of a package of materials produced by YouthNet to help provide global technical leadership on community involvement and youth RH/HIV prevention. Besides this compilation of resources, the package of materials includes: A guide to using participatory assessment techniques at the community level, focusing on youth involvement; A summary of issues that have emerged in the literature; and A report on a technical consultation meeting on the topic held in November 2005. …

  5. A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States

    This paper compares the sexual behaviors of young people in South Africa (SA) and the United States (US) with the aim of better understanding the potential role of sexual behavior in HIV transmission in these two countries that have strikingly different HIV epidemics. Nationally representative, population-based surveys of young people ages 18-24 years from SA (n = 7,548) and the US (n = 13,451) were used. The prevalence of HIV was 10.2% in SA and 1% in the US. …

  6. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  7. Addressing gender-based violence from the reproductive health/HIV sector: a literature review and analysis

    This document provides a literature review on programs in developing countries that have addressed or challenged gender-based violence with a link to the reproductive health/HIV sectors. For this review, programs addressing both adult and adolescent populations were eligible for inclusion and an effort was made to identify programs that involved men.

  8. MDG-6 status for children and HIV in Rwanda: a rapid assessment

    In order to develop a comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS pandemic in women and children, Rwanda has benefited from generous international commitment of resources and technical assistance. More than halfway to the 2015 deadline to achieve the MDGs, an assessment of the progress towards achieving MDG 6 for children and HIV in Rwanda is needed to inform the acceleration of program implementation. An assessment tool was first of all developed around the "Four Ps". …

  9. Investing in youth for national development

    Despite the commitment of many policymakers and advocates to addressing the ever-increasing sexual and reproductive health needs of youth, calls for appropriate programs, services, and funding have gone largely unanswered. Youth around the world remain at high risk of unplanned pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted infections, even though many small-scale programs are ready for scale up and would help youth achieve their potential and help nations achieve their development goals. …

  10. Children and AIDS: fifth stocktaking report, 2010

    Advocacy and investment on behalf of children affected by AIDS have had an impact, and the goal of eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV appears within reach. But for every problem solved or advance made, new challenges and constraints have arisen. This Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report examines current data, trends and the progress that's been made - pointing out disparities in access, coverage and outcomes - and calls for concrete actions to benefit the millions of children, women and families worldwide who bear the burden of the epidemic.

  11. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  12. Generating demand and community support for sexual and reproductive health services for young people: a review of the literature and programmes

    To support the health sector in identifying and implementing a few strategic, do-able, evidence-based interventions to create demand for sexual and reproductive health services by adolescents who need them and to stimulate community acceptance and support for their provision, a global review of the evidence was compiled. Using a standard methodology, evidence from thirty studies was reviewed on interventions for generating demand through the provision of information, education and communication via several different channels. …

  13. But where are our moral heroes?: An analysis of South African press reporting on children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Messages conveyed both explicitly and implicitly in the media play an important role in the shaping of public understanding of issues, as well as associated policy, programme and popular responses to these issues. This paper applies discourse analysis to a series of articles on children affected by HIV/AIDS published in 2002/2003 in the English-medium South African press. …

  14. Children and AIDS: Second stocktaking report

    This Stocktaking Report, the second since the "Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS" initiative was launched in 2005, examines data on progress, emerging evidence, and current knowledge and practice for children as they relate to four programme areas: preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, providing paediatric HIV care and treatment, preventing infection among adolescents and young people, and protecting and supporting children affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  15. Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs

    Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs is a report written by J. Beamish and L.T. Abderrazik for the POLICY Project, on behalf of the Asia/Near East Bureau of USAID. It aims to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in Morocco, within the context of the adolescent boys and girls. …

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