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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. India National Youth Shadow Report Progress Made on the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

    Globally, 1.7 billion young people aged 10-24 make up one quarter of the world's population. Approximately 40% of all new HIV infections occur among young people between 15-24 years of age, and there are 5.4 million young people living with HIV. Young people are the face of HIV. We are at higher risk of HIV infection because we lack access to the crucial information, education, and services to protect themselves. However, our needs are often ignored when data is collected and strategies on HIV and AIDS are drafted, policies developed, and budgets allocated. …

  2. CAPACITY project final report (30 September 2004 - 29 September 2009)

    This document describes the CAPACITY Project (Central Asian Program on AIDS Control in vulnerable populations), USAID's premier HIV and AIDS project for Central Asia. This project was awarded in September 2004 and was implemented for the five year period ending in September 2009. CAPACITY covered the five former Soviet Central Asian Republics Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and included four strategic directions. …

  3. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  4. HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific: a review of progress towards universal access

    This document reviews progress made in the Asian and Pacific region in line with international commitments, with particular attention to the Universal Access targets developed for low and concentrated epidemic countries in Asia and the Pacific through regional and civil society consultations in 2006. Based on these findings, the paper also reviews the main challenges and identifies ways forward in scaling up the response to HIV. …

  5. Male Homosexual Identities, Relationships, and Practices among Young Men Who have Sex with Men in Vietnam: Implications for HIV Prevention

    This qualitative study examines local identities, relationships, and sexual practices among young MSM aged 15-24 in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city of Vietnam. The analyses were based on 26 in-depth interviews and 10 focus group discussions with young MSM recruited through public place intercepts and cruising areas. The report documents the linguistic classification, sexual relationships and behaviors, identity and process of homosexual identification, and the potential linkage between sexual identity and sexual behaviors of MSM in Vietnam. …

  6. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

  7. HIV prevention strategy for young people in Pakistan

    The National HIV Prevention Strategy for Young People in Pakistan lays out the situation of young people in Pakistan, an understanding of their vulnerabilities and risk to HIV and a strategic framework targeted to stem the current trend of the epidemic and to protect young people from potential risk behaviour. …

  8. Programme on the response to the epidemic of HIV in the republic of Tajikistan for the period 2007-2010

    In 2005 Tajikistan drafted a national development strategy for 2006-2015 designed to achieve Millennium Development Goals by 2015 including measures on harnessing the HIV prevalence and reversing the morbidity. The national regulatory framework was revised. In 2005 a new Law of the Republic of Tajikistan on the response to HIV/AIDS was adopted governing the guaranteed observation of rights for people living with HIV, free health care services and social support, implementation of comprehensive activities on the prevention of HIV transmission. …

  9. National strategic plan for expansion and upgrading of HIV/AIDS activities in Myanmar (2001-2005)

    This strategic plan was formulated according to previous experiences and outcomes, in line with the guidance of the national health committee, and in harmony with the national education promotion special four year plan (Health Sector). …

  10. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2004-2006

    This national HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2004-2006 for Fiji was developed through various processes in multisectorial consultations, symposiums and discussions with those that actively work with HIV and AIDS issues in government and civil society organizations, developing partners and other stakeholders. This document culminates the final outcome of the various progressions, reviews and developments of diverse programmes and activities to capture and reflect the Fiji HIV/AIDS situation realities that have taken place particularly in the last fifteen months.

  11. National gender policy plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010

    Papua New Guinea's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP) recognised that gender is a key factor shaping both the epidemic and the national response to it. To ensure that the gender dimensions of the epidemic receive sufficient attention, the National AIDS Council (NAC) commissioned this National Gender Policy and Plan on HIV and AIDS (NGP). It is based on extensive consultations and research carried out between 2004 and 2006, including a gender audit of the NSP and a gender impact evaluation of the activities of the National HIV/AIDS Support Project (NHASP). …

  12. Malaysian AIDS Council Strategic Plan 2008-2010

    In 2007, in response to the government's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS and the increased burden of the epidemic, Malaysian AIDS Council formulated its own Strategic Plan to provide clear directions for the organisation to scale up and to effectively respond to the new challenges in line with the government's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS. Eight strategies have been developed. MAC Strategy 1: Strengthening Leadership and Advocacy on HIV/AIDS. MAC Strategy 2: Training and Capacity Enhancement. …

  13. National strategy and action plan on HIV/AIDS/STI 2006-2010

    The National Response to HIV/AIDS/STI is coordinated by the National Committee for the Control of AIDS (NCCA). The NCCA was established in 1988 and restructured in 2003 through a prime ministerial decree. It currently consists of 14 members from 12 different institutions and is chaired by the Minister of Health. Provincial Committees for the Control of AIDS have been established in all provinces and District Committees for the Control of AIDS (DCCAs) have been established in some provinces. …

  14. Study of young men's sexual behaviour. Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. August-November 2004

    This study (one of the few of its kind conducted in Laos) provides a wealth of information on the sexual behaviour of young men, which could guide future HIV prevention programs. While the survey only looks at the attitudes and activities of men living and working in Vientiane, it nonetheless illuminates both important similarities and differences in Lao male behaviour compared to men in other countries, including countries in the immediate region.

  15. Breaking through the clouds : a Participatory Action Research (PAR) Project with migrant children and youth along the borders of China, Myanmar and Thailand

    A report on the Participatory Action Research (PAR) project implemented by Save the Children's Southeast & East Asia and the Pacific Regional Office during April 1999 to March 2001 with funding from the Department of International Development (UK). The PAR project is a new approach to learning, documenting and developing potential for change. The participants of PAR project strongly recommend this approach as an effective way to address sensitive issues to children and youth in vulnerable situations.

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