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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Knowledge and attitude toward AIDS/HIV among senior school students in Isfahan

    This study talks about the knowledge and attitude toward AIDS/HIV among senior school students in Isfahan, Iran.

  2. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  3. Knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning HIV/AIDS among Iranian at-risk sub-populations

    This study in 2003 looked at knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning HIV among 3 high-risk groups (201 cross-border truck drivers, 50 female sex workers and 754 youths) in 4 cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The level of knowledge about HIV was low on average, especially among individuals with high-risk behaviours. Truck drivers and female sex workers had higher knowledge about sexually transmitted infections than youths but their knowledge came primarily from personal experience rather than public awareness programmes. …

  4. Sexuality Education in Asia: Are We Delivering? An Assessment from a Rights-based Perspective

    This report presents the first investigation of school-based sexuality education in Asia through a human rights perspective. The study reflected in this report looked to provide new insights that could help strengthen programming by assessing how States are delivering on their responsibility to provide sexuality education in schools. The main focus is on the laws, policies and strategic plans through which governments provide the enabling environment for sexuality education.

  5. Responding to the HIV prevention needs of adolescents and young people in Asia: Towards (cost-) effective policies and programmes

    The current paper was commissioned by UNICEF and its partners (UNFPA, UNESCO, UNAIDS) to provide advice to the AIDS Commission in Asia on policy options on how to respond to HIV/AIDS among young people, in response to a 'Policy Options Workshop' which was held in Bangkok on 4-6 January 2007. This paper aims to provide guidance to policy makers on how to respond to the HIV prevention needs of young people in Asia. In particular, it aims to set priorities for action, aimed at preventing major HIV epidemics from occurring or limiting the scope or impact of current HIV epidemics in the region.

  6. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people in Bangladesh: improving access to life skills based sexual and reproductive health education and condom services for male youth

    Around the world youth often do not have access to basic sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, skills in negotiating sexual relationships and access to affordable confidential SRH services. They lack proper knowledge about their own or their partners' sexuality, communicate very little about sex in their relationships, and believe in numerous sexual myths. In Bangladesh, youth aged 15-24 years represent approximately one-sixth (23 million) of the total population. …

  7. We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV. Joint Action for Results, UNAIDS Outcome Framework: Business Case 2009-2011

    The Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework, 2009-2011 represents a new and more focused commitment to the HIV response and serves as a platform to move towards UNAIDS' vision of zero new HIV-infections, zero discrimination, and zero AIDS-related deaths. It commits the UNAIDS Secretariat and Cosponsors to leverage their respective organizational mandates and resources to work collectively to deliver results.The Outcome Framework focuses on ten priority areas, each of which represents a pivotal component of the AIDS response. …

  8. Nepal National Youth Shadow Report Progress Made on the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

    Globally, 1.7 billion young people aged 10-24 make up one quarter of the world's population. Approximately 40% of all new HIV infections occur among young people between 15-24 years of age, and there are 5.4 million young people living with HIV. Young people are the face of HIV. We are at higher risk of HIV infection because we lack access to the crucial information, education, and services to protect themselves. However, our needs are often ignored when data is collected and strategies on HIV and AIDS are drafted, policies developed, and budgets allocated. …

  9. India National Youth Shadow Report Progress Made on the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

    Globally, 1.7 billion young people aged 10-24 make up one quarter of the world's population. Approximately 40% of all new HIV infections occur among young people between 15-24 years of age, and there are 5.4 million young people living with HIV. Young people are the face of HIV. We are at higher risk of HIV infection because we lack access to the crucial information, education, and services to protect themselves. However, our needs are often ignored when data is collected and strategies on HIV and AIDS are drafted, policies developed, and budgets allocated. …

  10. CAPACITY project final report (30 September 2004 - 29 September 2009)

    This document describes the CAPACITY Project (Central Asian Program on AIDS Control in vulnerable populations), USAID's premier HIV and AIDS project for Central Asia. This project was awarded in September 2004 and was implemented for the five year period ending in September 2009. CAPACITY covered the five former Soviet Central Asian Republics Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and included four strategic directions. …

  11. From Prevention through Protection: Expanding the HIV Response for Children and Young People in Pakistan

    Because Pakistan is in a concentrated epidemic driven by injecting drug users and male and hijra (transgender) sex workers, a campaign was launched. In addition, Pakistan has one of the largest cohorts of young people in the world - 60% of the nearly 160,000,000 are under the age of 24 years. These young people need correct information on HIV in order to protect themselves and their peers. …

  12. Situation Assessment of Adolescents for Life Skills and HIV Prevention in selected districts of Pakistan

    A dearth of information on situation of adolescents exists in Pakistan and there is little evidence on which to build policies and programmes. …

  13. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  14. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children and young people: Reviewing research conducted and distilling implications for the education sector in Asia

    This paper aims to take a closer look at the impact of the epidemic on children (0-18 years old), which is growing, by reviewing and synthesizing several research studies that have been conducted over the years in the Asia-Pacific region. …

  15. 1st National Young People's Planning Forum on HIV and AIDS: Unleashing the Forces for Change (28-29 November 2008)

    This final report is an overview of workshops of the 1st National Young People's Planning Forum (NYPPF). The goal of this forum to institutionalize young people's participation and to provide recommendations for the 2009-2010 Operational Plan relevant to the on-going assessment of the 4th AIDS Medium Term Plan of the Government of the Philippines National AIDS Response. The main objective is to make sure young people's perspectives are adequately integrated into and operationalized as part of the National AIDS Response and in public policy decisions. …

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