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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Facing the challenge of adolescent pregnancy in Zimbabwe

    This booklet presents the current status of adolescent pregnancy in Zimbabwe; explains the drivers and psycho-social, economic, development and health costs of adolescent pregnancy; offers recommendations for addressing adolescent pregnancy and leveraging demographic dividend in promoting socio-economic growth.

  2. The effectiveness of a model for addressing school-related gender-based violence in South Africa: An evaluation of the Zero Tolerance School Alliance

    This study fostered the prevention of, and strengthened response to, school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in South African schools, by adapting an effective, adult-centric, community-based GBV prevention— the Zero Tolerance Village Alliance—to help mitigate SRGBV among children in secondary school. This adapted, child-centric version—the ‘Zero Tolerance School Alliance” (ZTSA)—was implemented in 2016 and 2017 in one public secondary school in Vhembe district, Limpopo province, South Africa.

  3. Seeing the invisible: sexuality-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of children and youth with disabilities in China

    The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) clearly states the need to protect and promote Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) of persons with disabilities and to provide quality and free or affordable access to SRH information and services.

  4. Bringing it out in the open: monitoring school violence based on sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression in national and international surveys

    This technical brief has been developed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to strengthen the routine monitoring of school violence that is based on sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression (SOGIE).

  5. The impact of school feeding programmes

    School feeding is increasingly recognised as a major investment in both human capital and in local economies which has accelerated country-led demand. It is seen as playing an important role not only in emergency contexts but also in social stability, peace-building and national development. Re-imagining School Feeding calls for increased investment targeted at the ages of 5-21, where new evidence shows the maximum impact on developing human capital potential. …

  6. Preschool health and nutrition guidance for program managers

    The early years of life constitute a critical period during which foundational skills become established. Children learn and develop in predictable sequences, with later abilities, skills, and knowledge building on those already acquired. Offering quality care and development allows young children to develop initial linguistic, cognitive, social-emotional and motor skills. Furthermore. investments in the early years of life produce higher returns, particularly among children at risk, because these programs are more effective and less expensive than remediation programs later in life. …

  7. Relationships and sexuality education policy guide for primary schools

    All schools are required to have an RSE policy to detail how RSE is taught in the school, including the sensitive aspects. This policy is an approved approach to the teaching of Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE). It was developed to inform teachers and parents as to what material is covered in the RSE programme within SPHE both formally and informally.

  8. Improving lives by accelerating progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals for adolescents living with HIV: a prospective cohort study

    Background: Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) face major challenges in achieving the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for vulnerable adolescents. We aimed to test the UN Development Programme's proposed approach of development accelerators—provisions that lead to progress across multiple SDGs—and synergies between accelerators on achieving SDG-aligned targets in a highly vulnerable group of adolescents in South Africa. …

  9. Nepal country advocacy brief. Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE): The way forward

    Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) emphasizes a holistic approach to human development and sexuality. …

  10. Adolescent schoolgirls’ experiences of menstrual cups and pads in rural western Kenya: a qualitative study

    Poor menstrual hygiene management (MHM) among schoolgirls in low income countries affects girls' dignity, self-esteem, and schooling. Hygienic, effective, and sustainable menstrual products are required. A randomized controlled feasibility study was conducted among 14-16-year-old girls, in 30 primary schools in rural western Kenya, to examine acceptability, use, and safety of menstrual cups or sanitary pads. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted to evaluate girls' perceptions and experiences six months after product introduction. …

  11. HIV Beyond Goal 3: Interconnections between HIV, human rights and sustainable development

    World leaders have committed to ending AIDS through a new framework for action: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Sustainable Development Goals. Ending AIDS is now part of a broader health goal (SDG 3): Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages; however, the AIDS response must also focus on gender equality, human rights, economic empowerment and education. Interconnectivity actoss the SDGs is critical to the goal of ending AIDS. This paper outlines the interconnections between certain SDG targets, human rights laws and how HIV is linked to these. …

  12. Early marriage, pregnancy and girl child school dropout

    The aim of this review was to present the recent evidence on the impact of early marriage and/or pregnancy on the rates of girl child drop out. It also synthesises evidence that focus on laws, policies and practices that force pregnant girls or new mothers out of school. Although early marriage and pregnancy are often linked to school dropout, evidence proving a direct and causal link is limited. This is because early marriage and pregnancy can be both the cause and consequence of dropping out of school. …

  13. Women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights in Europe

    Despite considerable progress, women in Europe continue to face widespread denials and infringements of their sexual and reproductive health and rights. Laws, policies and practices still curtail and undermine women’s sexual and reproductive health, autonomy, dignity, and decision-making and pervasive gender inequality continues to have profound effects on their sexual and reproductive health and rights. Moreover, in recent years, resurgent threats to these rights have emerged jeopardising longstanding commitments to gender equality and women’s rights. …

  14. Stand against bullying: An experimental school intervention

    Despite the growing evidence on the negative consequences of school bullying, there is no consensus regarding the most effective strategies to fight this problem. We study the impact of a randomized intervention to reduce school bullying in urban public schools in Peru, a country where violence re-mains a major challenge. …

  15. The Review of health and nutrition indicators in early childhood

    The aim of this document is to make a comprehensive review of early childhood health and nutrition indicators as a contribution and input to the process of devising a holistic child development index. The first part of the paper introduces the topic of child health and development from the standpoint of early childhood health and nutrition determinants and the global situation in general. …

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