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As part of a global initiative to improve women’s access to HIV prevention and treatment services, ICRW implemented a research study to expand the evidence base on access to services for two key populations in India: female sex workers in Pune, Maharashtra and wives of migrant men in Ganjam, Orissa. The main objectives of the research study were to explore barriers to HIV services experienced by the study populations, and based on the findings, to identify entry points for improving HIV services among women in India more broadly.
This report is focused on the mobility context and its relation to HIV and AIDS. The study tried to explore and discuss context and experiences throughout the mobility continuum including sexual behavior, HIV knowledge, stigma and discrimination, violence, service availability and access. It also tried to unearth the multitude of factors that increase vulnerability among migrants and their families. This report was developed as part of the EMPHASIS project being led by CARE and supported by the Big Lottery Fund, UK.
This review of four countries including India, Indonesia, Nepal and Thailand shows that very few interventions have been implemented in prisons for the prevention, care and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, despite a higher prevalence of HIV among those incarcerated. It highlights that such services are not only feasible in resource-poor settings, but also provides some excellent examples of innovative and positive action that can be taken to arrest the spread of HIV in prisons.