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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual and reproductive health needs and access to services for vulnerable groups in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report aims to understand sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs and related policies for three selected vulnerable groups - Roma (men and women), internally displaced people (IDPs) and adolescents - in eight Eastern European and Central Asian countries. The purpose of the study is to contribute to a policy dialogue on focusing national programs on the SRH needs of vulnerable groups.

  2. Universal Access for Women and Girls: Accelerating Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for Female Sex Workers and Wives of Migrant Men

    As part of a global initiative to improve women’s access to HIV prevention and treatment services, ICRW implemented a research study to expand the evidence base on access to services for two key populations in India: female sex workers in Pune, Maharashtra and wives of migrant men in Ganjam, Orissa. The main objectives of the research study were to explore barriers to HIV services experienced by the study populations, and based on the findings, to identify entry points for improving HIV services among women in India more broadly.

  3. Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS: A social Research on Cross Border Mobile Population from Bangladesh to India

    This report is focused on the mobility context and its relation to HIV and AIDS. The study tried to explore and discuss context and experiences throughout the mobility continuum including sexual behavior, HIV knowledge, stigma and discrimination, violence, service availability and access. It also tried to unearth the multitude of factors that increase vulnerability among migrants and their families. This report was developed as part of the EMPHASIS project being led by CARE and supported by the Big Lottery Fund, UK.

  4. Migration, Mobility and HIV: A Rapid Assessment of Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Pacific

    The report provides an assessment of migration and mobility as key influences on the distribution and spread of HIV in the Pacific. It aims to contribute to the development of multi-sectoral responses required to address the HIV epidemic in the Pacific region and provide impetus for the development of effective and targeted interventions for people on the move. It is a joint UNDP and Secretariat of the Pacific Community report.

  5. HIV/AIDS & Mobility in South East Asia: Rapid Assessment

    In South-East Asia, mobility is a growing phenomenon and a major concern due to the high vulnerability to HIV of mobile populations. The dynamics of population movement have evolved in South-East Asia over the last decade, and are in a phase of acceleration due to multiple factors including geopolitical and socio-economic changes, infrastructure development and closer cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries. …

  6. Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: A Desk Review of Migrant Labour Sectors

    Using available documents from 2000-2006, this publication reviews and summarizes risks and vulnerabilities associated with HIV infection among cross-border migrants working in various labour sectors in Thailand. It incorporates current laws and policies related to migrant labour and migrant health, as well as current STI/HIV-related programmes for migrants in Thailand. Furthermore, this publication provides a set of recommendations for future HIV programming for migrants in the country. …

  7. From Bangladesh to the Arab States: HIV Vulnerabilities Faced by Migrant Women

    This study is part of a UNDP regional research initiative on HIV vulnerability faced by Asian women migrant workers of deploying countries - Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines and Sri Lanka - working in three destination countries in the Arab States, Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates. …

  8. Mandatory HIV Testing for Employment of Migrant Workers in Eight Countries of South-East Asia: From Discrimination to Social Dialogue

    This study was undertaken by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 2006, on the basis of recommendations made by APEC and ASEAN and guided by the principles of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work. The purpose of the study is to promote dialogue amongst tripartite partners (representatives from governments, workers' and employers' organizations) throughout the region, and to provide a solid basis for an informed discussion on mandatory HIV testing for migrant workers. …

  9. The Far Away from Home Club : HIV Prevention and Policy Implementation Feedback for Migrant and Mobile Populations in the Mekong River Delta, Viet Nam.

    This publication describes a successful component of the HIV prevention and control efforts for mobile populations in Can Tho province, The Far Away from Home Club. This Club is organized by a Provincial Multi-sectoral Team, under the leadership of the Department of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs and the Trade Union of Viet Nam. …

  10. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among migrant workers in Thailand (PHAMIT) : the baseline survey 2004

    The Baseline Survey 2004 was carried out as a part of the evaluation and monitoring of the Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Migrant Workers in Thailand (PHAMIT) project. It has provided a comprehensive overview of migrant populations and their related circumstances and behaviour. This survey was conducted during April-June 2004, and covered 3,426 male and female migrant workers from Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao People's Democratic Republic. Among other things, the survey finds that the prevalence of casual sexual relationship is very high among migrants. …

  11. Migrant Domestic Workers: From Burma to Thailand

    This report presents the findings of research proposed and implemented by a team of Shan and Karen researchers regarding girls and women who have migrated from Burma into domestic work in Thailand. The study focuses on two sites in Thailand - Chiang Mai and Mae Sot - and highlights the extreme conditions and often abusive environments in which domestic workers from Burma have been employed. It highlights the need to ensure their basic rights as citizens in Burma, as migrants and as domestic workers. …

  12. Breaking through the clouds : a Participatory Action Research (PAR) Project with migrant children and youth along the borders of China, Myanmar and Thailand

    A report on the Participatory Action Research (PAR) project implemented by Save the Children's Southeast & East Asia and the Pacific Regional Office during April 1999 to March 2001 with funding from the Department of International Development (UK). The PAR project is a new approach to learning, documenting and developing potential for change. The participants of PAR project strongly recommend this approach as an effective way to address sensitive issues to children and youth in vulnerable situations.

  13. The impacts of mapping assessments on population movement and HIV vulnerability in South East Asia

    From the Foreword. Knowledge-based development is one of the strategies of the UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development (UNDP-SEAHIV) project in its technical assistance to countries. The goal is to strengthen countries' capacity to effectively combat the HIV/ AIDS epidemic. The mapping assessments supported by UNDP-SEAHIV are not an end in themselves. In this context, they were specifically designed for use as advocacy tools to inform decision makers in their continuing efforts to improve national HIV prevention strategies, policies, and programmes. …

  14. Mobility and HIV/AIDS in the Greater Mekong Subregion

    Mobility and HIV/AIDS in the Greater Mekong Subregion

  15. Expanding Workplace HIV/AIDS Prevention for a Highly Mobile Population: Construction Workers in Ho Chi Minh City

    Presents the findings of a study that compared an existing health communicator HIV education program to a new peer education program. The feasibility, impact, and cost of the two programs were analyzed as well as the role of the labor union in managing workplace HIV/AIDS programs and strategies to motivate management's support of the programs. Research summary (2003) also available.

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