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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Introduction and module A. Using the toolkit, naming the problem

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. The toolkit has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. It consists in a collection of participatory training exercices to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination.The present document contains the introduction to the toolkit and the Module A, "Naming the problem". …

  2. The Elmina Resource Guide on HIV/AIDS and Education

    This resource guide is designed to help policy makers and practitioners to access resources and to build on best practices in order to combat HIV and AIDS in the education sector. Based on the recommendations and proceedings of the Elmina Conference on HIV and AIDS and Education, it highlights strategies for government, educational institutions and civil society agencies in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). …

  3. Associations between premarital sex and leaving school in four Sub-Saharan African countries

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning", special issue on "Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa", published in December 2008. As formal schooling spreads within sub-Saharan Africa, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they "come of age". As a consequence more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a different context than from that of counterparts in prior generations. …

  4. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  5. Courage and hope: stories from teachers living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status. Stigma remains the greatest challenge and the major barrier to accessing and providing assistance to these teachers. The personal experiences from the 12 teachers presented in this book offer first-hand accounts of the difficult, and sometimes debilitating, challenges faced by teachers living with HIV. …

  6. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  7. Toward multi-sectoral responses to HIV/AIDS: implications for Education for Rural People (ERP). Ministerial seminar on education for rural people in Africa: policy lessons, options and priorities

    The education sector, very large cadre of government employees, faces impacts of HIV/AIDS both on supply and demand sides. On the supply side, HIV/AIDS affects education because of the loss of trained teachers and the reduced productivity of relevant personnel (teachers, administrators, management, etc.) through illness, caring for infected family members, and participation in funerals. …

  8. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  9. Handbook for literacy and non-formal education facilitators in Africa

    Presently 50% of the adult population is illiterate in 17 of African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal and Sierra-Leone). This handbook prepared by a group of experts constitutes the first step towards developing a holistic regional resource package for capacity building of NFE personnel in Africa. …

  10. Women of the world: laws and policies affecting their reproductive lives Francophone Africa

    The publication provides a detailed review of national laws and policies affecting women in seven francophone African countries. One part of the country review focuses on the rights of special group: female minors and adolescents.

  11. Post-Cairo Reproductive Health Policies and Programs in five Francophone African countries

    The report highlights the need to continue efforts to create broad-based support for reproductive health programs, improve coordination among stakeholders, strengthen NGOs so that they can effectively participate in the policy process, and enhance the financial sustainability of programs.

  12. Watch out! Diseases in the world around us

    This document is one of the 'information books for Africa' in the HIV and AIDS series, developed by the Junior Africa Writers (JAWS). It is designed for children in lower primary through upper secondary school and is intended to inform and provoke discussion about HIV and AIDS; and also to provide these children with the knowledge, skills and values needed to prevent them from getting infected with the HIV virus. …

  13. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS: Burkina Faso: the case of the University of Ougadougou

    Increasingly, education is considered as effective tool to control the HIV/AIDS epidemic. However the impact of HIV/AIDS on education, especially on the higher education sector, has not yet been well-documented. Although some case studies have recently been undertaken in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean, there is little known about the situation in West Africa. The UNESCO review of Universities Responses to HIV/AIDS aims to fill some of this knowledge gap, through this study in Burkina Faso. …

  14. Training for life: teacher training on HIV/AIDS

    In May 2006, Education International (EI) published ' Training for Life' a draft report aimed at establishing a clear picture on the record of governments in providing pre- and in-service training to teachers on HIV and AIDS. The report was written on the basis of information submitted by EI affiliated teacher unions in 8 countries. This latest edition of Training for Life updates the situation regarding teacher training on HIV and AIDS in these countries (where new data was available), whilst also taking some newcomers, namely Sierra Leone and Guyana. …

  15. Training for life: teacher training on HIV/AIDS

    In 2005 EI sent a survey to all unions involved in the then 'HIV and AIDS Prevention through Schools Programme' to gather information on the positioning of HIV and AIDS within pre and in-service training. The following countries were included in the EI survey and feature in this report: 1. Kenya (KNUT/Kenya National Union of Teachers) 2. Uganda (UNATU/Uganda National Teachers' Union) 3. Tanzania (TTU/Tanzania Teachers' Union) 4. Malawi (TUM/Teachers' Union of Malawi) 5. Guinea (FSPE-SLECG/Federation of Professional Education Unions/Free Union of Teachers and Researchers) 6. …

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