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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Child marriage in West and Central Africa at a glance

    Child marriage in West and Central Africa is one of the biggest challenges in the region and has enormous adverse effects on education, health, including sexual and reproductive health, and on the overall development of adolescents and youth. This brochure provides recent data and analysis of child marriage in the region.

  2. Why addressing child marriage and adolescent pregnancy is essential to achieving the demographic dividend in West and Central Africa: position paper

    This position paper presents several strong arguments about why it is imperative to address child marriage and adolescent pregnancy, if we want to succeed in harnessing the demographic dividend in West and Central Africa. It also provides recommendations on the key actions different stakeholder groups can take to make this a reality.

  3. Why addressing child marriage and adolescent pregnancy is essential to achieving the demographic dividend in West and Central Africa: policy brief

    Girls are subject to child marriage, female genital mutilation and limited education and as such, are denied equality of opportunities. At the beginning of 2016, the African Union Heads of State and Government underlined a commitment to put young people and women first by agreeing to focus on “Harnessing the demographic dividend through investments in youth” throughout 2017 and beyond. UNFPA in West and Central Africa recognizes the critical importance of investing in adolescents and youth, particularly adolescent girls. …

  4. Accelerating education’s response to HIV and AIDS

    A review was conducted to assess key achievements of the Accelerate Initiative, lessons learned and possible ways forward. The output of this review is a technical paper titled ‘Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS: Five Years On’, which describes how UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank and other partners have been working together since 2002 to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop strong leadership in the education sector response to HIV and AIDS.

  5. Status report adolescents and young people in sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and challenges

    Nearly half of the world's population, some 3 billion people, is under the age of 25. As the largest generation ever of young people, investments in their health and well-being are crucial so they can make a positive transition into adulthood and fully contribute to the economic and social development of their families, communities and nations. But in order to develop strategies and mobilize financial resources to support adolescent and youth development, decisionmakers need reliable, up-to-date demographic, health, education and socioeconomic data about young people. …

  6. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  7. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  8. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  9. Access of girls and women to scientific, technical and vocational education in Africa

    UNESCO's General Conference at its 28th session (Paris 1995), budgeted a project on 'Technical, scientific and vocational training for young girls in Africa'. Pursuant to this decision, the Regional Office for Education in Africa in Dakar (BREDA), in cooperation with headquarters started with a preparatory phase to implement the project aimed at identifying what determines girls being guided into scientific and technical streams. During 1996-1997, surveys were conducted in twenty English and French countries in Africa. …

  10. Handbook for literacy and non-formal education facilitators in Africa

    Presently 50% of the adult population is illiterate in 17 of African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal and Sierra-Leone). This handbook prepared by a group of experts constitutes the first step towards developing a holistic regional resource package for capacity building of NFE personnel in Africa. …

  11. School health toolkit: The FRESH Framework: Focusing Resources on Effective School Health, Hygiene, and Nutrition Programs: A Toolkit for Task Managers

    A toolkit to assist task managers to prepare quality school health and nutrition programmes as components of World Bank projects. The toolkit is based on Focus Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH) framework of best practices in school health and nutrition. The kit contains specific examples of school health and nutrition components for education; health, nutrition, population; and early childhood development projects.

  12. Women of the world: laws and policies affecting their reproductive lives Francophone Africa

    The publication provides a detailed review of national laws and policies affecting women in seven francophone African countries. One part of the country review focuses on the rights of special group: female minors and adolescents.

  13. HIV prevention in basic education: the heart of a community-based AIDS response in Francophone Africa

    Cette brochure présente les approches développées par trois projets de la GTZ implantés dans des pays francophones d'Afrique de l'ouest : le Tchad, le Mali et la Guinée. Il s'agit du- « Projet éducation de base » (PEB) au Tchad,- « Projet Lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans les programmes de l'éducation de base » (PLC - VIH/SIDA) au Mali,- « Projet d'appui à l'éducation de base en moyenne Guinée » (PAPEBMGUI) en Guinée. Ces trois projets ont expérimenté les stratégies et les approches présentées dans cette brochure. Leurs concepts reposent sur une approche multisectorielle qui met en place une collaboration étroite entre un projet d'éducation et un projet de santé (et/ou des structures médicales locales). Les mesures de formation et d'information mises en oeuvre visent à transmettre des connaissances sur la sexualité et la prévention des infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST), du VIH et du SIDA, mais aussi à développer les capacités de communication chez les différents groupes cibles (par ex. entre parents et enfants) et à promouvoir ainsi le dialogue et les initiatives de la communauté. Un objectif essentiel des formations porte sur le développement de compétences sociales et de citoyenneté et vise à promouvoir des comportements responsables au moyen de techniques d'apprentissages actives, centrées sur les apprenants.

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