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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Socio-Economic Determinants of HIV/AIDS Infection Rates in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey, this article analyses the relationship between HIV status and the socio‐economic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. It constructs the risk profile of the average adult, computes the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and determines the percentage of adults for whom these three factors are positively correlated with that probability. …

  2. SADC regional assessment report of policies and programmes on child and adolescent HIV, TB and malaria

    The SADC Protocol on Health stipulates that Member States should cooperate in dealing with health issues in a harmonised manner as an essential ingredient for the effective control of communicable diseases in the region notably, HIV, TB and Malaria. As part of the response, key strategic frameworks to guide action in the control of these three diseases have been developed by SADC but these mostly address the adult population. In this context, the SADC Secretariat is mandated to develop The SADC Minimum Standards for Child and Adolescent HIV, TB and Malaria Continuum of Care. …

  3. Factors associated with HIV infection among sexually experienced adolescents in Africa: a pooled data analysis

    The article examines the factors associated with HIV status among adolescents aged 15–19 years in 13 African countries. The data were derived from demographic and health surveys or AIDS indicator surveys conducted between 2004 and 2009. The levels of HIV prevalence among adolescents varied considerably across the countries. There was significantly higher HIV prevalence among female adolescents as compared with their male counterparts. For male adolescents, circumcision was the only variable significantly associated with HIV status. …

  4. Swaziland behavioural surveillance survey (BSS)

    The objectives of the BSS Round One in Swaziland were to: Help establish a monitoring system that will track behavioral trend data for high-risk and vulnerable target groups in Swaziland; Provide information on behavioral trends of key target groups in some catchment areas where HIV sentinel sero-surveillance is done; Provide information that will increase understanding of HIV prevalence trends over time; Provide information to guide the planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS/STI interventions; Provide evidence of the relative success of HIV prevention efforts  …

  5. Declaration on HIV and AIDS

    The SADC Declaration on HIV and AIDS outlines the priority areas for action within the region.

  6. Swaziland HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    NERCHA (National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS), MOHSW (Ministry of Health and Social Welfare), UNAIDS and GAMET/World Bank are collaborating in a capacity development process to support an evidence based review of Swaziland's epidemiological situation (Know Your Epidemic, KYE) and the national HIV prevention response (Know Your Response, KYR). The process for the KYE was an in-depth review of available epidemiological data from Swaziland and the sub-region, and application of the UNAIDS incidence estimation model. …

  7. Swaziland Human Development Report 2007. HIV and AIDS and culture

    The 2007 National Human Development Report seeks to provide insights on the interface between culture and contemporary society with the goal of identifying interventions that assist national stakeholders at all levels to effectively address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It must be noted that behavior change is at the core of preventive approaches to combating the pandemic. Behaviour is to a great extent influenced by culture. …

  8. What is driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Swaziland and what more can we do about it?

    This report reviews the documents on behaviour and the epidemic in Swaziland in an attempt to establish what is driving the epidemic. It asks 'What is driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Swaziland? What more can we do about it?' Our conclusion is that the epidemic in Swaziland is very serious, but we know what is going on. There are some gaps in the research that need to be addressed but there is enough information available now to act. The workshop we held confirmed this. The biggest issues are around poverty and culture. …

  9. National and sector HIV/AIDS policies in the member states of the Southern Africa Development Community

    This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report.

  10. Multisectoral responses to HIV/AIDS

    HIV/AIDS is a crisis that expands beyond the health sector and will soon touch everyone in Africa. It is a development problem that defies easy answers and routine solutions. Therefore, creativity, synergy, and collaboration from all sectors of society are required to find solutions to mitigate and prevent the expansion of the epidemic.Many organizations working in Africa, particularly those not involved in health, have been feeling the effects of HIV/AIDS on their programs and asked USAID for some guidance in how to address these complicated issues. …

  11. Helping ourselves: community responses to AIDS in Swaziland

    The Kingdom of Swaziland now has the highest recorded HIV prevalence in the world, and this southern African country faces enormous challenges, particularly when it comes to looking after the thousands of children orphaned by the epidemic. However, much inspirational work is being done at community level to put in place structures and programmes to stem the flow of infections and mitigate the impact. …

  12. An audit of HIV/AIDS policies in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Prior to this report, little scientific documentation existed on HIV/AIDS policies, legislation, financing and programme implementation in Southern African Development Community countries. This study reviews the HIV/AIDS policy and related issues in six southern African countries and provides recommendations on how best to strengthen policy in these areas.

  13. A Comparative Analysis of the Financing of HIV/AIDS Programmes in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    This comparative analysis aims to assess the readiness and ability of the countries to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The key issues adressed in this analysis are: Is the allocation to health, as a per cent of total government expenditure sufficient? Is enough allocated to deal with HIV/AIDS, given the magnitude of the problem.

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