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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National HIV and AIDS anti-stigma and discrimination strategy 2016-2020

    The National HIV and AIDS Anti-Stigma Strategy aims to guide and inform actions and programmes of policy makers, development partners, implementing partners and networks of people living with HIV and other stakeholders towards the reduction of HIV stigma and discrimination, through an evidence-informed strategy by and for people living with HIV, key and other vulnerable populations.

  2. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2016-2020

    This National Strategic Plan (NSP) 2016-2020 is intended to sustain the progress made in the national HIV response thus far and guide the implementation of the national HIV response over the next five years. It has been developed to guide the country's efforts towards the achievement of the HIV-related Sustainable Development Goals. …

  3. National HIV and AIDS, STI policy

    This document is the revised National HIV and AIDS, STI Policy for Ghana. It has been revised by the Ghana AIDS Commission in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, National AIDS and STI Control Programme (NACP) of the Ghana Health Service and key stakeholders, taking into account recent developments in the national and global response. …

  4. Development of a nationally coordinated evaluation plan for the Ghana National Strategy for Key Populations

    Objective: Just as HIV prevention programs need to be tailored to the local epidemic, so should evaluations be country-owned and country-led to ensure use of those results in decision making and policy. The objective of this paper is to describe the process undertaken in Ghana to develop a national evaluation plan for the Ghana national strategy for key populations. Methods: This was a participatory process that involved meetings between the Ghana AIDS Commission (GAC), other partners in Ghana working to prevent HIV among key populations, and MEASURE Evaluation. …

  5. Assessment of the psychometric properties of HIV knowledge items across five countries

    HIV knowledge is commonly measured in HIV prevention research and program evaluations, but rigorous measurement standards are not always applied. Using item response theory methods, we examined the psychometric functioning of five commonly used HIV knowledge questions in five countries with varying HIV prevalence. We evaluated the internal consistency and measurement invariance of the items. The items performed poorly in all samples and the scale as a whole did not perform equally across samples. …

  6. National strategic plan for most at risk populations 2011-2015

    The Ghana Most At Risk Population strategy 2011-2015 has been developed to provide a framework for the implementation of a comprehensive package of services designed specifically to reach four MARP subgroups, Female Sex Workers (FSW), Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), Injecting Drug Users (PWID) and Prisoners. The goal of the strategy is to reach 80% of all identified MARP by 2015 with a comprehensive package of HIV prevention, protection, treatment, care and support service that is evidence based, accessible and acceptable to the specific groups. …

  7. Review of national AIDS councils in Africa: Findings from five countries

    National AIDS councils (NACs) were established in many African countries to co-ordinate the multi-sectoral response to HIV/ AIDS. Their main mandate is to provide strategic leadership and co-ordinate activities geared to fight against HIV/AIDS. This study sought to understand the extent to which NACs have achieved their goals and the challenges they face. Best practices were identified and shared among countries involved, so as to enhance their efforts. This review is crucial given that the fight against HIV/AIDS is far from being won. …

  8. Do stigma, blame and stereotyping contribute to unsafe sexual behaviour? A test of claims about the spread of HIV/AIDS arising from social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model

    In the context of social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model, it has been claimed that stigmatizing, blaming and stereotyping attitudes make people feel less at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, and that this, in turn, results in them taking fewer precautions in their sexual behaviour. Previous research has failed to provide convincing evidence to support these claims. The present study provided a test of the claims that addressed some of the methodological issues identified in the earlier research. …

  9. Comunicating about HIV/AIDS: where information is flowing

    In Ghana and Kenya, campaigns to educate people about HIV/AIDS seem to be reaching their intended audiences. The 2009 AudienceScapes surveys in these countries suggest that information about this serious disease is readily accessible to most people - particularly on the radio.

  10. HIV/AIDS Report: A study of Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Policy on HIV/AIDS

    The target group for the study was CSIR staff, with a working force of about 4 million. Selection of institutions across the country was to have a better representation of all CSIR institutions in the southern and northern sectors of Ghana. In all 130 participants where selected for the survey from eight institutions out of the 13 institutes of the CSIR. …

  11. An In-Depth Analysis of HIV Prevalence in Ghana: Further Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys Data

    This report presents findings from a further analysis study undertaken as part of the follow-up to the 2003 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). ORC Macro provided technical assistance for the project. Funding was provided by the USAID. This report is part of the MEASURE DHS program, which is designed to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS. …

  12. UNDP/World Bank/UNAIDS Programme on Mainstreaming AIDS into National Development Plans and Processes: Rounds 1 and 2, a Review of Experiences (2007-2008)

    The purpose of this report is to document the progress made by countries participating in the Mainstreaming Programme in the second and third years of the programme. It is intended as a knowledge-sharing document to facilitate the exchange of practical experiences in HIV mainstreaming, as well as a programming report to facilitate monitoring and future evaluations of the Mainstreaming Programme. …

  13. Getting research into policy and practice. Experiences from sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS

    Insights is a thematic overview of recent policy-relevant research findings on international development. This issue contents the following articles: Getting research into policy and practice. Experiences from sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS; Investing in the future. …

  14. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  15. HIV, growth, poverty and inequality in sub-Saharan Africa

    The downstream impacts of AIDS on individuals and households are well understood and documented. The economic impacts of AIDS are proportionately greater for poor. The economic impact at higher levels of aggregation (such as on the gross national income (GNI) is less well understood, being inferred from modelling work rather than empirical measurement, but is thought to be important in the long run, particularly in high prevalence countries, such as in southern Africa. Evidence of the upstream effects of poverty and social deprivation on HIV infection is rather mixed. …

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