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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  2. Promising practices II. HIV and AIDS integrated programming

    This second edition of Promising Practices contains 24 case studies of promising HIV and AIDS practices from around the world. Each case study is organized in much the same way, including sections on how the project works, what the successes have been, and what lessons learned have emerged. At the end of each case study is the contact information for the relevant programs. The objectives of this publication are to: 1. Document some of the creative solutions or 'promising practices' used by CRS programs to address those affected and living with HIV and AIDS. 2. …

  3. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  4. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  5. The EFA Fast Track Initiative: an assessment of the responsiveness of endorsed education sector plans to HIV and AIDS

    This report is the second assessment of the responsiveness to HIV of Education Sector Plans which have been appraised and endorsed by the Education for All Fast Track Initiative (EFA-FTI). The first study was completed in October 2004 and found that the initial 12 endorsed plans did not adequately address HIV; recommendations were made to strengthen FTI processes. This second assessment reviews the 8 country education sector plans which were endorsed by EFA-FTI between October 2004 and November 2006. …

  6. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan (2006-2011)

    This is a five year plan intended to scale up HIV and AIDS interventions to prevent transmission of new infections and minimise and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS on Lesotho population. The development of the National Strategic Plan 2006/2007-2010/2011 has been influenced by a number of national and international factors in the area of HIV and AIDS. Notable among these are lessons learned from the implementation of the previous three-year rally strategic plan, improved funding opportunities, international conventions and policies which Lesotho has adopted or is signatory to. …

  7. National HIV and AIDS policy

    This is the revised National Policy for HIV and AIDS, intended to provide a comprehensive framework to enable the Basotho nation to effectively fight HIV and AIDS epidemic with the implementation of a range of interventions to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in Lesotho. The purpose of the revision of the HIV policy framework in Lesotho was to strengthen the national HIV and AIDS response, in the light of the inadequacies of the policy framework that was adopted in 2000 together with the first National AIDS Strategic Plan 2000-2003. …

  8. The use of open, distance and flexible learning (ODFL) initiatives to open up access to education in the context of high HIV and AIDS prevalence rates: the case of Lesotho

    This paper describes the extent of the national HIV and AIDS epidemic in Lesotho and identifies and analyses key Open, Distance and Flexible Learning (ODFL) initiatives currently being implemented to increase access to education including those for vulnerable young people including those affected by HIV and AIDS. The paper draws on documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews conducted with stakeholders from government departments and non-governmental organisations involved in HIV and AIDS and in the Non-Formal Education Sector. …

  9. A synthesis of institutional arrangements of national aids commissions in Africa

    This paper presents a synthesis of institutional arrangements and issues currently facing National AIDS Councils/Commissions (NACs) in 2007. In this paper the term National AIDS Council or Commission or NAC is used to describe a stand-alone institution, independent of a government ministry, and usually comprising a governance body (the Board) and an operational body (the Secretariat), which, taken together form the National AIDS Council or Commission (NAC). …

  10. Keeping children in school: a review of open education policies in Lesotho and Malawi

    This paper looks at the situation of out of school children in Lesotho and Malawi in the context of HIV/AIDS and the role that open and distance and flexible learning might come to play in the future. It provides a brief onsideration of scale and nature of exclusion, before moving on to look at some of the recent history of theories of inclusion and exclusion. …

  11. Youth, sexuality and HIV/AIDS

    This manual was created by young people between 15-30 years of age, who came from thirteen countries across Africa (Botswana, Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia) to participate in the International Youth Camp that was held from 12th-26th August 2001, at Nakuru, District of Rift Valley Province in Kenya. It crystallizes their hopes of contributing to protect, preserve and enlighten a generation of youth facing threat of HIV and AIDS, substance abuse and STIs. …

  12. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    This document is aimed mainly at health organisations, educators, church leaders and scholars. The main objective is to address the alarming spread of HIV and AIDS in Lesotho and to find strategies to prevent it. This document has the endorsement of the government secretary of the kingdom of Lesotho. …

  13. Science. Junior secondary syllabus

    This document is a learner-centered junior science syllabus that consists of three disciplines: Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Technology and Environmental aspects as well as the Population and Family life issues have also been incorporated into the above mentioned disciplines. This syllabus is designed for learners, who will be leaving school after Form C, as well as those that will proceed to senior secondary education, either specializing in Science or not; and those who will be studying Science at tertiary levels. …

  14. Junior certificate history syllabus

    This history syllabus is designed for junior schools in Lesotho and is made for three forms (A, B and C) corresponding to the grades of junior school. Forms A and B do not mention HIV and AIDS. …

  15. Primary syllabus: standards 6, 7: higher primary

    The primary syllabus outlines the curriculum aims, timetable/allocation for each subject, suggested activities, concepts/skills/attitudes, learning outcomes and the resources available. The issue of HIV and AIDS is raised under the 'health education' topic, where they describe HIV and AIDS, its causes, signs and symptoms, mode of transmission, prevention, care and support of infected persons and also its effects and complications.

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