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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Responding to HIV and AIDS: the case of a Zambian teacher training institution

    HIV and AIDS constitute a very serious problem in societies with a high HIV and AIDS prevalence, and require urgent and immediate attention on all levels. Education, despite being an area hard hit by the epidemic, is also an area which can help alleviate the problem by educating people in the gravity of the illness, how it can be avoided, and how it can be treated. …

  2. Training teachers in an HIV and AIDS context: experiences from Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia

    This synthesis report summarizes main findings from case studies in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia that examined the response of teacher training colleges to HIV and AIDS. The findings show that the epidemic is adversely affecting faculty, staff and the functioning of teacher training colleges and that little is being done to address these issues. A number of reasons for this include: absence of any institutional policy framework on HIV and AIDS; limited institutional resource mobilization; and the stigma surrounding the disease. …

  3. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  4. USAID/Zambia changes2 program: baseline results report

    The CHANGES2 program is funded by USAID/ ZAMBIA through an EQUIP1 Associate award. It is implemented by the American Institutes for Research (AIR) and the Zambia Ministry ofEducation. Its aim is to strengthen basic education teachers' professional skills related to health and education with a special emphasis on HIV/AIDS prevention. The program concentrates basic education activities in four of Zambia's nine provinces, namely Lusaka, Copperbelt, Central and Southern Provinces. …

  5. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  6. ZNUT policy on HIV/AIDS

    POLICY GOALS (i) To improve health, welfare and productivity of ZNUT members and employees. (ii) To mainstream HIV and AIDS support programme for ZNUT infected and affected members and employees. OBJECTIVES (i) To empower the members and employees with necessary skills to enable them fight and prevent the spread of the HIV and AIDS epidemic effectively. (ii) To fight for and protect the rights of ZNUT members and employees who are infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  7. Teacher supply, recruitment and retention in six Anglophone sub-Saharan African countries. A report on a survey conducted by Education International in The Gambia, Kenya, Lesotho, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia

    The purpose of this survey was to investigate teacher supply, teacher attrition, teacher remuneration and motivation, teacher absenteeism and union involvement in policy development in six Anglophone African countries. These are: The Gambia, Kenya, Lesotho, Tanzania Uganda and Zambia. The survey data or information was collected by means of a questionnaire and through country visits (interviews and discussion groups) and document analysis. …

  8. Supporting HIV-positive teachers in east and southern Africa: technical consultation report, 30 November - 1 December 2006, Nairobi, Kenya

    The technical consultation brought together a range of different stakeholders including ministries of education, teachers' unions and HIV-positive teachers' networks from six countries: Kenya, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The participants reviewed actions at global, country and community levels, examined barriers and success factors to responding to the needs of HIV-positive teachers, and made recommendations on how challenges can be overcome. The pivotal role of HIV-positive teachers' networks and teachers' unions was highlighted throughout the event.

  9. Suffering in silence: the links between human rights abuses and HIV transmission to girls in Zambia

    The catastrophe of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in Africa, which has already claimed over 18 million lives on that continent, has hit girls and women harder than boys and men. …

  10. Opening windows to a brighter world: a better future for girls and boys orphaned through AIDS

    In October, 1999, UNESCO hosted a Round Table discussion on the plight of children whose parents have died from AIDS. This brought together representatives from some of the hardest hit countries, as well as NGOs in the field. The Round Table provided a platform for dialogue and exchange. The problems faced by the orphans were discussed, and experiences shared. Recommendations and strategies for intervention were proposed.The two-day discussion revealed the difficulties faced by individuals, communities and organizations, and pointed out the efforts needed. …

  11. Involving Young People in the Care and Support of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia

    Discusses findings from a study that examined how to involve youth in the care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS and orphans and vulnerable children. Research summary (2003) and summary of baseline findings (2002) also available.

  12. HIV/AIDS guidelines for educators

    Educators need reliable information and advice on a very wide range of issues related to HIV/AIDS and sexuality education and they need to be concise. This booklet aims to fulfill that need and contains practical policy guidelines for all educators in Zambia.

  13. HIV/AIDS and child labour

    As the HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa grows in scope and intensity, the situation of children has become more precarious. Advances in the well-being of children in terms of social welfare and health, achieved over several decades, are being compromised. One significant change has been the impact of HIV/AIDS on child labour, especially in its worst forms. Where children are orphaned by the death of one or both parents, general well-being - including opportunities for schooling, proper nutrition and health care - is adversely affected. …

  14. Greater Involvement of PLHA in NGO Service Delivery. Findings From a Four Country Study

    Summarizes findings from a four-country, diagnostic study in Burkina Faso, Ecuador, Zambia, and Maharashtra State, India, that examined the conditions that foster the involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in NGO service delivery. Available in English or French.

  15. Future Imperfect: protecting children on the brink

    This document looks at the impact and consequences of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on children. Different responses to the OVC crisis are put forward such as promoting public awareness and mobilising leadership and resources.

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