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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Summary of the National behavioural change strategy for preventing sexual transmission of HIV

    In Zimbabwe HIV is mostly transmitted through sexual contact. It is estimated that around 4 in 5 HIV infections in Zimbabwe are due to sexual transmission. HIV is now also found in all groups of people in the population, implying that all sexually active people are at risk of contracting HIV. Hence, promoting safe sexual behaviours has to be at the heart of HIV prevention in all communities of Zimbabwe. This strategy offers guidance on what actions can be taken to promote and sustain safe sexual behaviours.

  2. The Socio-Economic Determinants of HIV/AIDS Infection Rates in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey, this article analyses the relationship between HIV status and the socio‐economic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. It constructs the risk profile of the average adult, computes the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and determines the percentage of adults for whom these three factors are positively correlated with that probability. …

  3. SADC regional assessment report of policies and programmes on child and adolescent HIV, TB and malaria

    The SADC Protocol on Health stipulates that Member States should cooperate in dealing with health issues in a harmonised manner as an essential ingredient for the effective control of communicable diseases in the region notably, HIV, TB and Malaria. As part of the response, key strategic frameworks to guide action in the control of these three diseases have been developed by SADC but these mostly address the adult population. In this context, the SADC Secretariat is mandated to develop The SADC Minimum Standards for Child and Adolescent HIV, TB and Malaria Continuum of Care. …

  4. Concurrent partnerships, acute infection and HIV epidemic dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe

    This paper explores the roles of acute infection and concurrent partnerships in HIV transmission dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe using realistic representations of the partnership network and all published estimates of stage-specific infectivity. We use dynamic exponential random graph models to estimate partnership network parameters from an empirical study of sexual behavior and drive a stochastic simulation of HIV transmission through this dynamic network. …

  5. Factors associated with HIV infection among sexually experienced adolescents in Africa: a pooled data analysis

    The article examines the factors associated with HIV status among adolescents aged 15–19 years in 13 African countries. The data were derived from demographic and health surveys or AIDS indicator surveys conducted between 2004 and 2009. The levels of HIV prevalence among adolescents varied considerably across the countries. There was significantly higher HIV prevalence among female adolescents as compared with their male counterparts. For male adolescents, circumcision was the only variable significantly associated with HIV status. …

  6. Declaration on HIV and AIDS

    The SADC Declaration on HIV and AIDS outlines the priority areas for action within the region.

  7. Young people we care! Making a difference in our community

    This book is designed by the NGO "Young people we care" to encourage and help groups of young people to support younger children, their peers and adults who are living in communities and households affected by AIDS. It was published in 2005 in Zimbabwe. It can also be used by organisations that want to encourage young people to support their home-based care activities or organisations assisting children affected by AIDS. Young people we care is for use by any group of young people aged 15-24 years. …

  8. Understanding the institutional dynamics of Zimbabwe's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    This study examines the institutional arrangements established to address the challenges of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe. The first part of the study looks specifically at the Zimbabwe National AIDS Council (ZNAC) - its organisational structure and, to a limited extent, its programmes - while the second part of the study looks at selected non-governmental organisations (NGOs). This comparison is about clarifying the multi-sectoral approach with an attempt to understand the different and unique roles of each institution. …

  9. HIV/AIDS and Communication for Behaviour and Social Change : Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward

    The report synthesizes the deliberations of a workshop on "Communication for Behaviour and Social Change: Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward", organized by UNAIDS' Department of Policy, Strategy and Research (PSR) and the Secretariat of the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa (IPPA) in Geneva in July 2000. …

  10. Zimbabwe national HIV and AIDS strategic plan (ZNASP) 2006-2010

    The ZNASP 2006-2010 is divided into 5 sections: Section 1 provides the background to the ZNASP and describes the strategic planning process that gave birth to the national strategy. Section 2 describes the HIV and AIDS situation in Zimbabwe, the national response and the challenges. Section 3 outlines the eight guiding principles that underpin the ZNASP. Section 4 describes the four agreed strategies for the National Response in the next five years. …

  11. Zimbabwe Human Development Report 2003: redirecting our responses to HIV and AIDS

    The developed and developing worlds have for a long time recognized the link between development and health. Interestingly this knowledge took a long time to be acknowledged and applied in the control of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. This is partly because of an overwhelmingly biomedical approach to the epidemic and partly because research failed to establish a clear link between development and HIV and AIDS. …

  12. National policy on HIV/AIDS for the Republic of Zimbabwe

    National policy on HIV/AIDS for the Republic of Zimbabwe

  13. National and sector HIV/AIDS policies in the member states of the Southern Africa Development Community

    This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report.

  14. Multisectoral responses to HIV/AIDS

    HIV/AIDS is a crisis that expands beyond the health sector and will soon touch everyone in Africa. It is a development problem that defies easy answers and routine solutions. Therefore, creativity, synergy, and collaboration from all sectors of society are required to find solutions to mitigate and prevent the expansion of the epidemic.Many organizations working in Africa, particularly those not involved in health, have been feeling the effects of HIV/AIDS on their programs and asked USAID for some guidance in how to address these complicated issues. …

  15. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS: looking beyond awareness

    This VSO Experience in Focus publication shares lessons from the early stages of VSO's experience of mainstreaming HIV/AIDS as part of the Regional AIDS Initiative of Southern Africa, RAISA. As the AIDS pandemic evolves, people are learning about appropriate responses. …

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