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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A review of the impact of HIV/AIDS on education, the workforce and workplace: the African experience

    The impact of HIV/AIDS cuts across all sectors of economic activities and social life. For example it not only reduces the stock of human capital but also the capacity to maintain the required turnover of many sought after skills and trainining like engineers, doctors, teachers, artisans and others. In the educational sphere, it leads to among other things a decrease in potential clientele for education, resources and even donor support. On the workforce, its impact increases expenditure on the one hand and decreases productivity on the other. …

  2. Preventing HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature review

    The main focus of this report is to review the risk factors for HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa, and the interventions that have been successfully implemented in this region. The report suggests components of a health sector response necessary for accelerating prevention of HIV and other STIs among sex workers and their clients. The report, its findings and recommendations are based on a review of the available published evidence. Information is presented in three major sections. …

  3. Gender and Sexuality/HIV Education

    Sex/HIV education curricula have disparate effects for females and males. Review of 59 rigorous sex ed evaluations from the U.S. and developing countries. After omitting single sex programs, programs with no effect, and programs that changed only knowledge, 38 remained (25 U.S. and 13 developing country). A third of these failed to disaggregate results by gender, leaving 25. This article looks at why this is the case and how gender affects SRH outcomes.

  4. An Annotated Guide to Technical Resources for Community Involvement in Youth Reproductive Health and HIV Prevention Programs

    This annotated guide to technical resources is part of a package of materials produced by YouthNet to help provide global technical leadership on community involvement and youth RH/HIV prevention. Besides this compilation of resources, the package of materials includes: A guide to using participatory assessment techniques at the community level, focusing on youth involvement; A summary of issues that have emerged in the literature; and A report on a technical consultation meeting on the topic held in November 2005. …

  5. A Collection of National and Education Sector HIV/AIDS Policies and Strategies

    This document has been compiled by the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP)/UNESCO HIV/AIDS Impact on Education Clearinghouse in cooperation with POLICY /Futures Group. It aims to bring together, for ease of access, national and education sector HIV/AIDS policies and strategies adopted by governments to manage the impact of HIV/AIDS on their country or more specifically their education systems, to help protect their populations from infection and to care for those who are infected or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  6. A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States

    This paper compares the sexual behaviors of young people in South Africa (SA) and the United States (US) with the aim of better understanding the potential role of sexual behavior in HIV transmission in these two countries that have strikingly different HIV epidemics. Nationally representative, population-based surveys of young people ages 18-24 years from SA (n = 7,548) and the US (n = 13,451) were used. The prevalence of HIV was 10.2% in SA and 1% in the US. …

  7. Sexual, reproductive health needs and rights of young people with perinatally acquired HIV in Uganda

    The number of young people with perinatally acquired HIV is growing significantly. With antiretroviral drugs, children who get infected at birth with HIV have an opportunity to graduate into adolescence and adulthood. This achievement notwithstanding, new challenges have emerged in their care and support needs, the most dynamic being their sexual and reproductive health needs and rights (SRHR). …

  8. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  9. HIV prevention for South African youth: which interventions work? A systematic review of current evidence

    South Africa's HIV prevalence among 15-24 year olds is one of the highest in the world. This systematic review looks at the evidence for youth HIV prevention in the country since 2000 and critically assesses interventions across four domains: study design and outcomes; intervention design; thematic focus and HIV causal pathways; and intervention delivery. Eight interventions were included in the review, all similar regarding content and objectives, but with variouis thematic foci, causal pathways, theoretical bases, delivery methods, intensity and duration. …

  10. Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries

    This systematic review analyzes 24 mass media campaigns' effect on HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The studies were published between 1990 and 2004 about developing countries and compared outcomes by reviewing pre-and post-intervention data; intervention vs. control groups or post-intervention data across levels of exposure. …

  11. Orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programming in Global Fund HIV/AIDS grants in Kenya

    The USAID Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1, conducted a comprehensive desk review to better understand the nature and extent of OVC in Global Fund HIV/AIDS grants and the processes involved. The project then supported a study in Kenya to explore the country situation influencing these processes. Information for the activity came from a review of proposal and grant-related documents available through the Global Fund website and interviews with key informants in Kenya. Kenya was chosen due to its high HIV prevalence rate, OVC burden, and a succession of proposals and grants over time. …

  12. From talk to action: review of women, girls, and gender equality in NSPs in Southern and Eastern Africa

    From Talk to Action: Review of Women, Girls, and Gender Equality in National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS in Southern and Eastern Africa identifies: Evidence-informed priorities for addressing women, girls, and gender equality through National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS; Existing policy and programmatic gaps within National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS; Sample interventions and strategies for addressing women, girls, and gender equality within National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS. …

  13. MDG-6 status for children and HIV in Rwanda: a rapid assessment

    In order to develop a comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS pandemic in women and children, Rwanda has benefited from generous international commitment of resources and technical assistance. More than halfway to the 2015 deadline to achieve the MDGs, an assessment of the progress towards achieving MDG 6 for children and HIV in Rwanda is needed to inform the acceleration of program implementation. An assessment tool was first of all developed around the "Four Ps". …

  14. Supporting the integration of family planning HIV services

    The rationale for integrating family planning/reproductive health (FP/RH) and HIV services, especially in high HIV prevalence settings, has long been apparent: Sexually active individuals are at risk of both unintended pregnancies and HIV. The integration of these two sets of services share the key intended health outcomes of prevention of new HIV infections and prevention of unintended pregnancies. Years of experience in reproductive health settings demonstrate that individuals make greater use of services if they are easy to access. …

  15. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

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