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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Assessment of the psychometric properties of HIV knowledge items across five countries

    HIV knowledge is commonly measured in HIV prevention research and program evaluations, but rigorous measurement standards are not always applied. Using item response theory methods, we examined the psychometric functioning of five commonly used HIV knowledge questions in five countries with varying HIV prevalence. We evaluated the internal consistency and measurement invariance of the items. The items performed poorly in all samples and the scale as a whole did not perform equally across samples. …

  2. Effective laws to end HIV and AIDS: Next steps for parliaments

    With the global AIDS response becoming increasingly hampered by the criminalization of key populations, this study aims to encourage and assist parliamentary scrutiny of legislation that impedes effective HIV interventions. It highlights the various processes in selected parliaments that led to the adoption of laws with a positive impact on the AIDS response. Although such outcomes were not always easy to achieve, they were mainly the result of inspired leadership by parliamentarians able to overcome the moral obstacles that had stifled socially sensitive issues in political debate.

  3. Financing the response to HIV in low- and middle-income countries: International assIstance from donor governments in 2012

    The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Kaiser Family Foundation have been tracking bilateral donor government assistance for HIV in low- and middle-income countries as well as contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and to UNITAID by the 24 donor government members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development's Assistance Committee (DAC) since 2002 and this report presents the most recent data available. …

  4. Economics of AIDS and access to HIV/AIDS care in developing countries. Issues and challenges

    This book is a contribution to the debate on expanding access to HIV/AIDS treatment in developing countries. It presents an important and innovative aspect of the work of the ANRS (Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le Sida), one of the few agencies to have initiated research in this field.

  5. Capacity development matters: a practical guide

    This booklet is a practical guide on what capacity development is and how we are applying it in UNFPA. The first chapter provides an overview of capacity development and some basic definitions; the second highlights examples of practice in action from the field; and the third consists of a series of tools and resources that we have considered useful when developing and implementing capacity development programmes. This guide is primarily meant for UNFPA technical and programme staff but may also serve other United Nations (UN) agencies, partner organizations and Member States.

  6. We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV. Joint Action for Results, UNAIDS Outcome Framework: Business Case 2009-2011

    The Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework, 2009-2011 represents a new and more focused commitment to the HIV response and serves as a platform to move towards UNAIDS' vision of zero new HIV-infections, zero discrimination, and zero AIDS-related deaths. It commits the UNAIDS Secretariat and Cosponsors to leverage their respective organizational mandates and resources to work collectively to deliver results.The Outcome Framework focuses on ten priority areas, each of which represents a pivotal component of the AIDS response. …

  7. Programme VIH/SIDA. Faits marquants 2008-09

    Le présent rapport met en évidence les apports de l'OMS à l'accès universel en 2008 et 2009. Il décrit la façon dont l'OMS travaille et identifie des réalisations spécifiques dans chacun des cinq domaines stratégiques suivants : 1) permettre aux patients de connaitre leur statu sérologique ; 2) maximiser la contribution du secteur de la santé à la prévention du VIH ; 3) accélérer l'extension du traitement et des soins en matière de VIH ; 4) renforcer et étendre les systèmes de santé ; et 5) investir dans l'information stratégique pour tenter de mieux étayer la riposte au VIH.

  8. Promising practices II. HIV and AIDS integrated programming

    This second edition of Promising Practices contains 24 case studies of promising HIV and AIDS practices from around the world. Each case study is organized in much the same way, including sections on how the project works, what the successes have been, and what lessons learned have emerged. At the end of each case study is the contact information for the relevant programs. The objectives of this publication are to: 1. Document some of the creative solutions or 'promising practices' used by CRS programs to address those affected and living with HIV and AIDS. 2. …

  9. The AIDS 2008 impact report: evidence to action

    The purpose of the 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report: Evidence to Action' is to inform the global response to HIV using the evidence, lessons learned, and debates from the XVII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2008), held in Mexico City from 3-8 August 2008. The 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report' is intended to be used by all stakeholders to support implementation of evidence-based policy and programming that will bring us closer to the goal of universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. It is divided into five major sections: 1. …

  10. The ABCs and beyond: developing and operations research agenda on comprehensive behavior change approaches for HIV prevention. Report from a technical meeting

    A report of a one-day Technical Meeting organized by the HORIZONS Program in April 2003 with the main objective to develop and set priorities for an operations research agenda on outstanding questions about effective behaviour change strategies for HIV risk reduction, particularly those that focus on what have been called the "ABC" behaviours: Abstinence or delayed sexual initiation, Be faithful/reducing number of partners, and Condom.

  11. Resource centre manual: how to set up and manage a resource centre

    The manual contains practical information on all aspects of setting up and managing a resource centre, from planning, fundraising and finding suitable location, to collecting and organising materials, developing information services, and monitoring and evaluating the work of the resource centre. It is assumed that most readers will use manual systems for organizing information but also explains how computers can be used in resource centres, including e-mail, Internet and databases. …

  12. Moments in time: HIV/AIDS advocacy stories

    This collection of stories highlights some of the key advocacy moments of our time as told from the unique perspective of those who are engaged in advocacy work in communities around the world. In all, 16 different advocacy organizations are profiled in this manual. Although the stories focus on HIV/AIDS, the advocacy models are applicable to other settings and other issues. The selected advocacy stories are those working within and among the following constituent groups: women, people living with HIV/AIDS, and faith-based organizations. …

  13. HIV/AIDS and Communication for Behaviour and Social Change : Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward

    The report synthesizes the deliberations of a workshop on "Communication for Behaviour and Social Change: Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward", organized by UNAIDS' Department of Policy, Strategy and Research (PSR) and the Secretariat of the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa (IPPA) in Geneva in July 2000. …

  14. Action for children affected by AIDS: programme profiles and lessons learned

    The publication documents lessons learned in responding to children affected by HIV/AIDS in Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Rwanda, Thailand and the United Kingdom. It is meant for those who carry responsibility for responding to the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS, including policy-makers, programme planners and those working directly with affected individuals and families.

  15. Conveying concerns: media coverage of women and HIV/AIDS

    The article examines the epidemic's impact on women and girls from the perspective of women journalists. The first section looks at women's special vulnerability to HIV and is followed by sections on the transmission of virus from mother to child, young people, migrants and people living with HIV and AIDS.

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