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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Islam and family planning

    This policy brief gives an overview of Muslim countries' policies on and support for family planning and modern contraception. It reviews Islamic jurisprudence and justifications for sanctioning family planning.

  2. Adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh: big problem - little progress

    This presentation is an overview of the current situation of adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh. It is focused on the various factors which afffects (HIV/AIDS, IDUs, gender voilence and lack of prevention education among young people) the adolescent health directly or indirectly. Also showing a comparision in the the fertility rate (age 15-19) among the adolescents in South Asia.

  3. Actions that protect: promoting sexual and reproductive health and choice among young people in India

    This paper synthesises the evidence on the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, and explores what we know about underlying factors that place them at risk of or protect them from unsafe and unwanted sexual and reproductive health experiences. The picture that emerges suggests that substantial proportions of young people experience risky or unwanted sexual activity, do not receive prompt or appropriate care, and experience adverse reproductive health outcomes. …

  4. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  5. Strategies to meet the health needs of adolescents: a review

    The paper presents a brief review report of existing information on health needs of adolescents in Bangladesh.

  6. Youth in the Philippines : a review of the youth situation and national policies and programmes

    The monograph contains six chapters: youth development; youth education; youth health; youth employment; youth participation; and conclusions and recommendations. The first chapter on youth development provides an overview of youth participation in national development followed by a review of the national youth policy and programmes. Each of the three chapters on education, health and employment begin with an analysis of policy and followed by a quantitative and a qualitative analysis on youth issues in the relevant area.

  7. Adolescent and reproductive health in Pakistan: a literature review

    The report is a review of research findings on adolescents and reproductive health in Pakistan. The material is drawn from national surveys, medical research and information gathered by NGOs. The research shows the profile of adolescents in Pakistan with regard to the following issues: health and nutrition; sexual awareness and behaviour; prostitution and trafficking; sexual violence and sexual abuse; STDs; abortion; marriage and childbearing; fertility and family planning.

  8. Adolescent sexual and reproductive behavior: a review of the evidence from India

    Despite the fact that adolescents represent almost one quarter of the Indian population, their reproductive health needs are poorly understood and ill served. This paper documents the existing research on sexual and reproductive health, explores the knowledge and attitudes among this population in India, and highlights limitations of methodologies currently employed in research on adolescent reproductive health in India. …

  9. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children and young people

    Paper originally presented in a December 2002 workshop on "Anticipating the impact of AIDS on the Education Sector in South-East Asia".

  10. HIV and conflict: a double emergency. "Without war, we could fight AIDS"

    In the decade ahead, HIV/AIDS is expected to kill ten times more people than conflict. In conflict situations, children and young people are most at risk from both HIV/AIDS infection and violence. In this report, Save the Children calls on governments, donors and humanitarian agencies to uphold children's rights and to channel resources into preventing what for many young people is already a double emergency.

  11. Gender and HIV/AIDS: supporting resources collection

    This document contains: Summaries of key resources outlining why gender is so important in understanding the impact and spread of HIV/AIDS; Practical examples of approaches from around the world, aiming to strengthen capacity building, advocacy, service delivery, and research; Short summaries of operational toolkits and guides; Information about courses, web sites, networking and contact details for organisations from around the world specialising in gender and HIV/AIDS.

  12. Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review

    Objectives: To assess whether educational status is associated with HIV-1 infection in developing countries by conducting a systematic review of published literature. Methods: Articles were identified through electronic databases and hand searching key journals. …

  13. Children affected by HIV/AIDS in South Asia: a synthesis of current global, regional and national thinking and research

    This report brings together current research - much of it unpublished - into the impact of HIV/AIDS on children in the South Asia region. It presents an overview of findings of studies in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Limited information was available from the Maldives, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka, and none was available from Bhutan. Most research has taken place in India, so this synthesis is somewhat weighted toward that country. …

  14. Cambodia: health briefing paper

    Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in South East Asia - with about 40 per cent of households living below the poverty line. This paper, produced on behalf of the Department for International development (DFID) by the DFID Health Systems Resource Centre (HSRC), provides a brief overview of the state of health in Cambodia.

  15. Relationships of HIV and STD decline in Thailand and behavioral change: a synthesis of existing studies

    Ce document passe en revue des données disponibles sur l'épidémie du SIDA en Thaïlande dans le but de : 1. Donner un aperçu des données épidémiologiques et de comportement; 2. Déterminer les changements intervenus aussi bien à l'échelle nationale que régionale; 3. Etudier la relation entre le comportement et l'infection du VIH/MST; 4. Explorer la possibilité de lier les aspects de comportement et épidémiologiques de l'épidémie; 5. Etudier le rapport entre le changement de comportement et les changements épidémiologiques et 6. Déterminer les implications pratiques des résultats dans la poursuite du programme national et des besoins exprimés par les orientations en Thaïlande.

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