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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The current state of sexuality education in Cyprus, Georgia, Poland, Romania and the Netherlands: insights from a youth perspective

    Aiming to bring attention to the need for Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and to empower and encourage young leaders to influence their national policies, CHOICE for Youth and Sexuality and YouAct initiated the “Europe for CSE” project, with support from ShareNet. Youth advocates from Cyprus, Georgia, Poland, Romania and the Netherlands joined forces, worked online and met in Amsterdam to set-up concrete advocacy plans at national level, including meetings with volunteers, round tables, online campaigns and reaching out to policy makers and influencers.

  2. A young peer trainer's guide to provide sexual health and drug-related harm reduction education

    This guide is the result of a series of workshops conducted in 2009 and 2010 by young people in Romania, India, Mexico and Canada. During these workshops, the authors identified gaps in the information young people have regarding sexual health and drug use. They also identified the best ways to talk about drug use and sexual health among young peers. This guide provides information, practical activities, and resources to facilitate youth-led peer trainings. …

  3. Addictive substances: textbook approaches from 16 countries

    Schools have been identified as one of the appropriate settings for addiction prevention since this is the place where pupils may come into contact with drugs for the first time and experiment with them, with the possibility of becoming addicted. To be effective, school-based drug education must be firmly based on knowledge of oneself and knowledge of the effects of various addictive substances. Biology education is then an essential part of schoolbased drug education. …

  4. Employment policies for the young people infected with HIV/AIDS

    The purpose of this article is to analyse the topic of the young people infected with HIV/AIDS (the social group most affected by this virus both in Romania, and worldwide), stressing on the forms of including these people on the labour market. The first part of the article is a brief introduction into the matter of HIV/AIDS and it provides several statistics and estimates on the infection with HIV/AIDS worldwide and in Romania. …

  5. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  6. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  7. Implementing the Dublin Declaration on Partnership to Fght HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2010 progress report

    In February 2004, representatives of European and central Asian countries met in Dublin and issued a declaration focused on accelerating the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment that countries made at the UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on HIV/AIDS in 2001. This report seeks to document achievements, using country-based reports, against a selected number of indicators of relevance to the countries of the region. …

  8. Turning research into practice: suggested actions from case-studies of sexual and reproductive health research

    This document is the outcome of two meetings. The first meeting reviewed case-studies and other evidence related to research utilization from the standpoint of researchers and donors, while the second meeting reviewed additional materials from the standpoint of policy-makers and sexual and reproductive health programme managers. …

  9. Peer eduction in sexual and reproductive health for HIV-Positive Youth in Romania. Pilot project. Final report

    UNOPA (the National Union of Organizations of Persons Infected/Affected by HIV/AIDS in Romania) is concerned with the fact that HIV-positive youth lack sufficient knowledge and skills that might help them adopt risk-free behaviors in terms of reproductive health, all the more so that HIV-positive young women becoming pregnant need special information and care to adequately protect themselves and the health condition of their babies. …

  10. National strategy for surveillance, control and prevention of HIV/AIDS cases 2004-2007

    The 2004-2007 Strategy is conceived as a flexible document, which will guide the activities of all national and international partners. The strategy proposes three major intervention areas:1. Prevention of HIV transmission - the main goal is to maintain the HIV incidence in 2007 at the 2002 level. Within this area there are foreseen eight priorities determining the focus of the whole strategy towards prevention activities, especially the prevention of HIV transmission among young people and groups with risk behaviors associated with commercial sex or injecting drug use.2. …

  11. Adolescents: orphaned and vulnerable in the time of HIV/AIDS

    This paper first introduces the key issues regarding orphaned and vulnerable adolescents in the time of HIV/AIDS, including the developmental needs specific to adolescents. The second chapter summarizes the limited studies and programs working primarily with adolescents orphaned due to AIDS. Following are four case studies that demonstrate different strategies for working with adolescent orphans and other youth vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, reflecting different cultural and programmatic approaches relevant to Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe. …

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