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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is a direct follow-up to Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health (July 2012) and the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law convened in Bangkok in February 2011. This study identifies the laws that states of Asia and the Pacific have put in place to provide legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations and the lessons learned from implementation and enforcement. …

  2. Making it work: Lessons learnt from three regional workshops to integrate human rights into national HIV strategic plans

    Human rights are legal guarantees: they apply to everyone. However, these may be perceived by stakeholders in the national HIV response as separate from HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. And yet without a human rights-based approach to HIV, it is unlikely that an HIV response will be effective. …

  3. Human Rights Protections for Sexual Minorities in Insular Southeast Asia: Issues and Implications for Effective HIV Prevention

    This desk review examines the human rights situation for sexual minorities in six countries in insular Southeast Asia, namely Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Timor-Leste. It considers domestic laws and practices, as well as the international human rights instruments and obligations that each country is signatory. It concludes with recommendations to improve the rights framework in the sub-region so that HIV prevention and health programmes can be more accessible and responsive to the needs of sexual minorities.

  4. Assessment of the current level of human rights understanding in Swaziland

    Although this study is the assessment of human rights understanding in Swaziland, it is broader not only in the sense that it has tried to gauge attitudes and to some extent practices which it is believed would qualify these levels of understanding. Furthermore, key informants were approached to put human rights in context with regard to the various constituencies that exist in the country. To this end the study contains some specific references to current legislation as well as the Constitutional dispensation. …

  5. Enabling Effective Responses HIV in Pacific Island Countries: Options for Human Rights-Based Legislative

    This report presents options for human rights-based legislation for the prevention and management of HIV, for protecting those already infected and those particularly affected by or vulnerable to HIV, and ensuring that people living with HIV can continue to live useful and productive lives. …

  6. Handbook on HIV and human rights for national human rights institutions

    This Handbook is designed to assist national human rights institutions to integrate HIV into their mandate to protect and promote human rights. It provides a basic overview of the role of human rights in an effective response to the epidemic and suggests concrete activities that national institutions can carry out within their existing work. It also presents possibilities for engaging with the national HIV response in order to protect and promote human rights, in the context of the “Three Ones”. …

  7. Comments to Uganda's Parliamentary Committee on HIV/AIDS and related matters about the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Bill

    This document presents Human Rights Watch's concerns about the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Bill in Uganda, particularly relating to: HIV testing and counseling, generally and among minors; Notification and disclosure obligations; Criminalization of HIV transmission and Criminalization of other conduct related to HIV/AIDS.

  8. Model Law on HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa

    This is a model Law on HIV in Southern Africa, made by members of SADC Parliamentary Forum. It is a guide to legislative efforts on HIV-related issues in Southern Africa. It aims to provide a legal framework for the review and reform of national legislation related to HIV in conformity with international human rights law standards; and to promote the implementation of effective prevention, treatment, care and research strategies and programmes on HIV and AIDS.

  9. Sex, rights and the law in a world with AIDS. Meeting report and recommendations

    A meeting, Sex, Rights and the Law in a World with AIDS, was convened by several organizations to explore why the AIDS response has made relatively little progress on the prevention of sexually transmitted HIV, and what should be done to ensure a more effective long-term response. The meeting was organized for aids2031, a two-year initiative that is exploring what must be done now to change the face of AIDS in the year 2031, 50 years after the discovery of the first cases of AIDS. …

  10. Human Rights Watch submission regarding the Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan, 2009-2014

    Human Rights Watch welcomes the opportunity to provide input into the drafting of the next Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan (KNASP), 2009/10-2013/14. This contribution concentrates on children's rights, a policy area that we believe needs to be strengthened.

  11. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Nigeria. Background Paper for HIV/AIDS Policy Review in Nigeria

    The paper provides in-depth information on the inextricable relationship between HIV/AIDS and human rights, including issues relating to testing, confidentiality, access to treatment/drugs, gender, the workplace, health worker/patient interaction and HIV/AIDS in the family and community and among vulnerable populations such as prisoners and sex workers. It draws extensively from material prepared by UNAIDS and the United Nations Centre for Human Rights (UNCHR), and the International Guidelines on Human Rights.

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