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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Searching for the second R in sexual and reproductive health and … rights

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights have gained prominence in the HIV response. The role of sexual and reproductive health in underpinning a successful approach to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and services has increasingly been recognized. However, the “second R,” referring to sexual and reproductive rights, is often neglected. This leads to policies and programs which both fail to uphold and fulfill these rights and which fail to meet the needs of those most affected by HIV by neglecting to take account of the human right-based barriers and challenges they face. …

  2. The adolescent experience in-depth: using data to identify and reach the most vulnerable young people: Tanzania 2009-2012

    This report presents a secondary data analysis and triangulation of the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2010, the Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey (THMIS) 2011-12, and the Violence Against Children in Tanzania Survey (VACS) 2009. Its objectives are to analyse approximately 40 key indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and outcomes (e.g. …

  3. Jamaica: national integrated strategic plan for sexual and reproductive health and HIV 2014-2019

    The Jamaica National Integrated Strategic Plan for Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV (NISP) 2014-2019 was developed to direct the implementation of an integrated approach to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV planning and programming in Jamaica over the next five years. The plan provides a blue print for achieving the vision of an integrated programme while supporting the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Fast-Track strategy to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. …

  4. Integrated strategy for HIV, Hepatitis B and C and other sexually transmitted infections

    The strategy was jointly developed by the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). By connecting interventions on HIV with those on Hepatitis B and C as well as other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the strategy aims to create synergies in prevention, diagnosis, testing and care for patients. The document describes developments and challenges in Germany (part 1), the objectives of the strategy (part 2), the areas of intervention (part 4) and international contributions in both Europe and globally (part 5).

  5. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  6. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  7. Maisha Bora: A peer education manual on reproductive health, STI, HIV and AIDS focussed on strengthening values, reforming attitudes, imparting knowledge and developing life skills

    This manual has various sections aimed at: Providing information about Reproductive Health, STI, HIV and AIDS, in a youth-friendly experiential way; Helping young people explore their values and understand themselves, their sexuality and reproductive health; Enabling peers to acquire skills and reform their attitudes in a way that will influence them to make healthier, safer life choices as well as encourage positive behaviour change; Providing information for youth > 15, sexually active youth and married youth about the correct and consistent use of condoms that are coupled with information a …

  8. Philippines National Policy and Strategic Framework on Male Involvement in Reproductive Health

    Considering that male involvement in reproductive health is critical to the success of the RH programs, with a positive impact on the health and well-being of women and children, and in line with the country's commitment to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, it is deemed imperative to systematically respond to this issue as well as address their specific reproductive health concerns such as sexual dysfunctions, androgen deficiency, testicular and prostate cancers. Thus, this National Policy and Strategic Framework on Male Involvement in Reproductive Health is hereby formulated.

  9. HIV/AIDS Action Plan: Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy

    In 2001 phase one of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy was released. It provided the overall vision, principles, obligations, strategic context and strategic directions for achieving the vision of good sexual and reproductive health for all New Zealanders. At that time it was signalled that in phase two more detailed action plans would be developed in specific areas, including HIV/AIDS. …

  10. Linking HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Southern Africa 2011-2012. 2011 annual performance report - Lesotho

    This report provides a brief update of the progress made in Lesotho by the partners in the implementation of the EU funded linking HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRH) project in 2011. The project, covering seven countries, was designed to improve capacity of national systems to ensure stronger HIV/AIDS and SRH linkages. The overall objective of the project is to address barriers to efficient and effective linkages between HIV and SRHR policies and services. …

  11. Are women at the centre? A critical review of the new NSP response to women's sexual and reproductive rights

    One of the recognised challenges of the national AIDS response has been the lack of adequate programmes and interventions aimed at protecting and advancing women’s sexual and reproductive rights and health needs in the context of HIV. The new National Strategic Plan on HIV, STIs and TB, 2012 – 2016 (NSP) was launched on 01 December 2011, making it thus crucial to review the new policy document designed to strategically guide the national response to HIV for the next five years. …

  12. Improving the HIV response for women in Latin America: barriers to integrated advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights

    Civil society plays an important health governance role by influencing international sexual, reproductive health and HIV agendas as expressed in international conferences; monitoring and evaluating implementation; and holding governments accountable for their commitments. Integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services to achieve the health-related MDGs would seem to be a strategic joint advocacy agenda for the women's sexual and reproductive health movement and HIV activists, particularly women living with HIV. …

  13. Increasing and improving multilateral development banks' funding for reproductive health and HIV/AIDS: a toolkit for advocacy

    This toolkit is intended for MDB-watchers, women's groups, affected communities, MDBs and other donors, and all stakeholders interested in (a) gaining information that may benefit their projects, particularly those focusing on improving reproductive health and HIV/AIDS services in the poorest communities of the world; (b) building their capacity to persuade MDBs to promote gender equality in all their reproductive health and HIV/AIDS investments; and (c) contributing to increasing and improving MDB spending on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. …

  14. Policy and institutional frameworks: mainstreaming adolescent reproductive health (ARH) and gender in HIV/AIDS programs: examples from Ethiopia and Uganda

    This document is divided into six parts (Part I-VI). Part I covers (a) the study background including objectives, methodologies and activities; and (b) an overview of the HIV situation among young people and adolescents in the Africa region. Part II and III present key findings from Ethiopia and Uganda, including a review of policies and the institutional environment in both countries in regards to gender, youth, ARH and HIV/AIDS. Part IV includes key findings of six country assessments of youth issues in the Multi-Sector Programs on HIV/AIDS of the World Bank. …

  15. Making the case for interventions linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV in proposals to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

    This document is designed to provide support for those who are writing HIV-related proposals to be submitted to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund). It focuses upon specific sexual and reproductive health interventions that build upon successes and make good programmes even better through a holistic approach to HIV. This approach provides opportunities to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, as well as maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. …

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