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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual and reproductive health outcomes are positively associated with comprehensive sexual education exposure in Mexican high-school students

    This paper provides evidence of the potential beneficial effects of CSE on attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors regarding sexual and reproductive health among adolescents. In addition, it identifies areas that should be strengthened to increase the positive impact of CSE.

  2. Policy outcome and challenges of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Ghana: what is the role of parliament?

    While considerable progress has been made in the development of policies, legislations and outcome, significant gaps in ensuring universal access to reproductive health and rights still remain. The inconsistency in the Children's Act which stipulates the marriage age at 18 and the Criminal Code which also specifies the legal age of consent regarding sex at age 16 may be a reflection of the increasing numbers of early pregnancies, infant and child mortalities, and high prevalence of HIV among girls and women among others. …

  3. Parents’ and teachers’ views on sexual health education and screening for sexually transmitted infections among in-school adolescent girls in Kenya: a qualitative study

    Background: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents’ and teachers’ attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. Methods: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs). …

  4. Generating evidence to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of students at Kenyatta University and beyond

    This research brief describes two evidence-generation efforts undertaken by the Evidence to Action Project (E2A), of which IntraHealth is a partner, and Kenyatta University, along with support from Pathfinder International, Kenya, from 2015-2016. The first evidence-generation effort involved an assessment of select KU service delivery statistics, and the second was a qualitative research study on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs, attitudes, preferences, and behaviors of KU students. …

  5. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health: an evidence gap map

    This report presents the findings of an evidence gap map that assesses the evidence available on the effects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) programming in low- and middle-income countries. It documents the methods used to create the map and examines evidence clusters and gaps identified in it. While there is considerable amount of impact evaluation evidence, it addresses only some of the priority questions within this broad topic. The greatest prevalence of evidence is on sexual health education and other instruction within and outside of the classroom. …

  6. What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices

    Youth centers, peer education, and one-off public meetings have generally been ineffective in facilitating young people's access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, changing their behaviors, or influencing social norms around adolescent SRH. Approaches that have been found to be effective when well implemented, such as comprehensive sexuality education and youth-friendly services, have tended to flounder as they have considerable implementation requirements that are seldom met. …

  7. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Samoa

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  8. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Palau

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  9. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Niue

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  10. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Nauru

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  11. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Nauru, Niue, Palau and Samoa

    The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Office of the Pacific States commissioned an attitudinal survey on the delivery of Sexual and Reproductive Health (including HIV) education in schools in four Pacific Island Countries: Nauru, Niue, Palau and Samoa. This study involved 261 primary and secondary school teachers in the four countries from both government and faith-based schools. In addition, the study involved almost 350 parents, community leaders and students from across the four countries. …

  12. Sexual and reproductive health and rights: implications for comprehensive sex education among young people in Uganda

    This paper presents the findings from an explorative study comparing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) against local realities for young people in Uganda. This was done by analysing statements by Ugandan adolescents extracted from focus group discussions relating to two SRHRs central in this research: (1) the right of young people to complete and accurate information; and (2) the right to self determination. We found discrepancies between these universally formulated rights and the (political, economic and community) context young Ugandans live in. …

  13. Mixed method evaluation of a passive mHealth sexual information texting service in Uganda

    The authors evaluate the impact of a health information intervention implemented through mobile phones, using a clustered randomized control trial augmented by qualitative interviews. The intervention aimed to improve sexual health knowledge and shift individuals towards safer sexual behavior by providing reliable information about sexual health. The novel technology designed by Google and Grameen Technology Center provided automated searches of an advice database on topics requested by users via SMS. It was offered by MTN Uganda at no cost to users.

  14. What Tanzanian young people want to know about sexual health; implications for school-based sex and relationships education

    It is very important that sex and relationships education (SRE) programme developers attempt to elicit, understand and incorporate young people's views in the SRE development and implementation processes. This paper reports the findings of a study that sought to identify young people's self-identified learning needs and priorities regarding sexual health that should be included in school-based SRE. Seven hundred and fifteen primary and secondary students aged between eight years and over 20 years old completed a survey between June and September 2007. …

  15. Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health through schools in low income countries: an information brief

    This Information Brief was developed by WHO's Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development to support staff of the Organization and other UN agencies working at global, regional and national levels in promoting the uptake of effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents through schools in low-income countries. The premise of the Brief is that school-based sexual and reproductive health education is one of the most important and widespread ways to help adolescents to recognize and avert risks and improve their reproductive health. …

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